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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-K/A

(Amendment No. 1)

 

 

(Mark One)

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2013

or

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission File Number 00-10039

 

 

MANDALAY DIGITAL GROUP, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   22-2267658

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

2811 Cahuenga Boulevard West

Los Angeles, CA

  90068
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)   (Zip Code)

(323) 472-5461

(Issuer’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Common Stock, Par Value $0.0001 Per Share  

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

(NASDAQ Capital Market)

(Title of Class)

 

(Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered)

Securities registered under Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act:

None

(Title of Class)

 

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities

Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers in response to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of a “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check One)

 

Large Accelerated Filer   ¨    Accelerated Filer   ¨
Non-accelerated Filer   ¨  (do not check if smaller reporting company)    Smaller Reporting Company   x

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold on the OTC Markets QB Tier on September 30, 2012 was $40,286,063.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Section 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court.    Yes  x    No  ¨

As of June 28, 2013, the Company had 20,448,224 shares of its common stock, $0.0001 par value per share, outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

None.

 

 

 


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EXPLANATORY NOTE

This Amendment No. 1 on Form 10-K/A (this “Form 10-K/A”) to the Annual Report the Form 10-K of Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. (the “Company”) filed July 1, 2013 (the “Original Annual Report”) is being filed solely for the purpose of:

(i) making certain typographical and numerical corrections to our beneficial ownership table under Item 12 Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters;

(ii) updating Footnote 18 – Subsequent Events of our Financial Statements under Item 8 to reflect post-reverse-split share and per share information for two of our private placement transactions;

(iii) updating four other numerical disclosures to reflect post-reverse-split share and per share information;

(iv) making certain ministerial corrections to the Exhibit Index of our Original Annual Report;

(v) to correct the date references in our Section 906 Certifications to properly refer to our Annual Report for the period ending March 31, 2013; and

(vi) to correct references on the cover page of our Original Annual Report to reference The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC.

Except for these corrections, there have been no changes in any of the financial or other information contained in the Original Annual Report and this amendment does not reflect events occuring after the Original Annual Report or modify or update those disclosures affected by subsequent events. For convenience, the entire Annual Report on Form 10-K, as amended, is being re-filed.

As required by Rule 12b-15, Item 15 of this Form 10-K/A has been updated to contain currently dated certifications from our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as required by Sections 302 and 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. The certifications of our principal executive officer and principal financial officer are attached to this Form 10-K/A as Exhibits 31.1, 31.2, 32.1 and 32.2, respectively.

In addition, in connection with filing of this amendment, and pursuant to the rules of the SEC, SingerLewak LLP have reissued their consent.


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Mandalay Digital Group, Inc.

ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K

FOR THE PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2013

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I

    
ITEM 1.   BUSINESS      3   
ITEM 1A.   RISK FACTORS      10   
ITEM 2.   PROPERTIES      27   
ITEM 3.   LEGAL PROCEEDINGS      28   
ITEM 4.   MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURE      28   

PART II

    
ITEM 5.  

MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

     29   
ITEM 6.  

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

     36   
ITEM 7.  

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

     36   
ITEM 7A.  

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

     59   
ITEM 8.  

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

     59   
ITEM 9.  

CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

     60   
ITEM 9A.  

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

     60   
ITEM 9B.   OTHER INFORMATION      62   
PART III     
ITEM 10.   DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE      63   
ITEM 11.   EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION      66   
ITEM 12.  

SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

     73   
ITEM 13.   CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE      76   
ITEM 14.   PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES      77   

PART IV

    

ITEM 15.

  EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES      78   
  SIGNATURES      88   


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PART I

Safe Harbor Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995

Information included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “Form 10-K”) contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). We claim the protection of the safe harbor contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements, other than statements of historical facts included in this Form 10-K regarding our strategy, future operations, future financial position, projected expenses, prospects and plans and objectives of management are forward-looking statements. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from our future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by any forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements, which involve assumptions and describe our future plans, strategies and expectations, are generally identifiable by use of the words “may,” “will,” “should,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “believe,” “intend,” “future,” “plan,” or “project” or the negative of these words or other variations on these words or comparable terminology. Forward-looking statements are based on assumptions that may be incorrect, and there can be no assurance that any projections or other expectations included in any forward-looking statements will come to pass. Our actual results could differ materially from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including, but not limited to, a continued decline in general economic conditions nationally and internationally; decreased demand for our products and services; market acceptance of our products; the ability to protect our intellectual property rights; impact of any litigation or infringement actions brought against us; competition from other providers and products; risks and costs in product development; inability to raise capital to fund continuing operations; changes in government regulation; the ability to complete customer transactions, strategic acquisitions and capital raising transactions, the outcome of our plans for future operations and growth, successful integration of acquired businesses, and other factors, including the risk factors described in greater detail in Item 1A of this Form 10-K under the heading “Risk Factors.” Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should the underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may differ significantly from those anticipated, believed, estimated, expected, intended or planned. Except as required by applicable laws, we undertake no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements for any reason, even if new information becomes available or other events occur in the future.

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

History of Mandalay Digital Group, Inc.

Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. (“Mandalay” or the “Company” or, in the first person as “we” “us” and “our”), was originally incorporated in the State of Delaware on November 6, 1998 under the name eB2B Commerce, Inc. On April 27, 2000, the Company merged into DynamicWeb Enterprises, Inc., a New Jersey corporation. DynamicWeb Enterprises, Inc was the resulting entity, but it changed its name to eB2B Commerce, Inc. On April 13, 2005, the Company changed its name to Mediavest, Inc. On November 7, 2007, through a merger, the Company reincorporated in the State of Delaware under the name Mandalay Media, Inc. On May 12, 2010, the Company changed its name to NeuMedia, Inc.

On February 6, 2012, the Company merged with a wholly-owned, newly-formed subsidiary, changing its name to Mandalay Digital Group, Inc.

On October 27, 2004, and as amended on December 17, 2004, the Company filed a plan for reorganization under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York (the “Plan of Reorganization”). Under the Plan of Reorganization, as completed on January 26, 2005: (1) the Company’s net operating assets and liabilities were transferred to the holders of the secured notes in satisfaction of the principal and accrued interest thereon; (2) $400,000 was transferred to a liquidation trust and used to pay administrative costs and certain preferred creditors; (3) $100,000 was retained by the Company to fund the expenses of remaining public; (4) 3.5% of the new common stock of the Company (140,000 shares) was issued to the holders of record of Mandalay Digital’s preferred stock in settlement of their liquidation preferences; (5) 3.5% of the new common stock of the Company (140,000 shares) was issued to common stockholders of record as of January 26, 2005 in exchange for all of the outstanding shares of the common stock of the company; and (6) 93% of the new common stock of the Company (3,720,000 shares) was issued to the sponsor of the Plan of Reorganization in exchange for $500,000 in cash. Through January 26, 2005, the Company and its subsidiaries were engaged in providing business-to-business transaction management services designed to simplify trading between buyers and suppliers.

Prior to February 12, 2008, the Company was a public shell company with no operations, and was controlled by its significant stockholder, Trinad Capital Master Fund, L.P.

 

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From February 12, 2008 to October 23, 2008, our sole operations were those of our wholly-owned subsidiary, Twistbox Entertainment, Inc. In October 2008, we acquired AMV Holding Limited and its subsidiaries, a mobile media and marketing company. On June 21, 2010, we sold AMV Holding Limited and its subsidiaries.

Current Operations

Mandalay is at the convergence of Internet media content and mobile communications. We are an established provider of mobile services enabling mobile content distribution and transactions serving mobile operators, end consumers, and original equipment manufacturers (OEM’s) of mobile devices and tablets. Our software as a service (“SaaS”) based platform delivers a mobile services platform that works with mobile operators and third-party publishers to provide portal management, user interface, content development and billing technology that enables the ecosystem required for the global distribution of mobile content. Our platforms provide our customers with the tools to implement an intuitive user experience and storefront, enabling the discovery, purchase and download of mobile content. Our integrated solutions address the mobile ecosystem spanning mobile optimized websites, mobile applications, mobile merchandising and content management, mobile messaging, mobile advertising, mobile billing and predictive analytics. Our solutions empower our customers to drive loyalty, generate revenue and re-engineer business processes to capture the advantages of their mobile-enabled customer base. Our predictive analytics capabilities allow our customers to recommend the right solution to their end-customer based upon the consumers’ tastes and preferences. We are headquartered in Los Angeles and have offices in Europe, Israel and Australia to support our global sales and marketing efforts.

Key Operating Divisions

Digital Turbine

On December 28, 2011, the Company acquired the assets of Digital Turbine Group, LLC, the developer of Digital Turbine, which has been re-branded as “Digital Turbine IQ”, a technology platform that allows media companies, mobile carriers, and their OEM handset partners to take advantage of multiple mobile operating systems across multiple networks, and offers solutions that allow them to maintain their own branding and personalized, one-to-one relationships with each end-user. IQ’s cross-platform user interface and multimedia management system for carriers and OEMs can be integrated with different operating systems to provide a more organized and unified experience for end-users of mobile content across search, discovery, billing, and delivery. Other aspects of the platform, such as a smart content discovery toolbar, allows carriers and OEMs to control the data presented to their users while giving the end-user a more efficient way of finding and purchasing the desired content.

With the acquisition and integration of the assets of Digital Turbine, the Company is able to provide an end-to-end, modular platform to the Company’s existing carrier customers. The combined Digital Turbine offering allows new and existing customers to choose from a fully outsourced, smart mobile ecosystem to more efficient, modular components that can be integrated with different operating systems to provide a more unified experience for end-users of mobile content across search, discovery, billing, and delivery.

Based upon the initial launch data, the Company believes there is an opportunity to integrate its IQ platform with new and existing mobile carriers. Mobile carriers are facing increased competition from competing mobile application storefronts and improved user experiences from other retailing, social networking, and operating system providers including Apple, Google, Amazon, and Facebook. As a result, operators are looking for new, innovative solutions to better manage their existing user experience. The IQ platform can be “white-labeled” to allow operators to custom tailor their own unique branding experience to the customer.

In addition to improved user experiences, many operators are looking for end-to-end solutions for their mobile storefronts that include procuring and programming the content, managing the content experience, ingesting content into the content management system (CMS), securely installing and de-installing applications from the device, and integrating with the back-end elements such as billing interfaces, analytics, settlement, and reporting.

Through its acquisitions of Digital Turbine, Logia, and MIA, the company now has five product suites that provide an end-to-end solution for operators, device OEMs, and other Third Parties to monetize mobile content. Those solutions are branded: Digital Turbine Ignite, Digital Turbine IQ, Digital Turbine Marketplace, Digital Turbine Content, and Digital Turbine Pay. The solutions can be sold together as a holistic ‘end-to-end’ product suite or de-bundled individually, depending up on the needs of the customer.

Digital Turbine Ignite is a mobile application management software that is pre-installed on devices to help operators and content providers pre-install software in a more automated and segmented fashion. This software allows operators to customize the out-of-the-box experience for customers and monetize their homescreens via Cost-Per-Install or CPI arrangements with Third Party Software developers. The company has launched with numerous new customers for Digital Turbine Ignite such as Telefonica, Avea Turkey, and Cellcom Israel.

Digital Turbine IQ is a User Experience and User Interface that enables customers to search and discover content from various sources including social media, search engines, and applications. Early results from the Digital Turbine IQ product indicate that customers are more satisfied and purchase more content when the IQ software is being utilized as the primary search and discovery vehicle. To date, IQ has been deployed with Boost in Australia, Cellcom in Israel, and Axis in Indonesia.

 

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Digital Turbine Marketplace is an application storefront that manages the retailing of mobile content including features such as merchandizing, product placements, reporting, pricing, promotions, and distribution of digital goods. The Digital Turbine Marketplace is deployed with many operators around the world including with operators in Australia, Israel, Philippines, and Italy.

Digital Turbine Content is the primary revenue generating product from Digital Turbine today. It includes the distribution and licensing of content across multiple content categories including music, applications, wallpapers, eBooks, and games. The company has its content being sold across multiple geographies including such as Australia, Israel, Turkey, Indonesia, Philippines, Italy, India and Germany.

DT Pay is a Application Programming Interface (API) that integrates between mobile operators billing infrastructure and content publishers to facilitate mobile commerce. Increasingly, mobile content publishers want to go directly to consumers to sell their content versus sell through traditional distributors such as Google Play or Apple Application Store. DT Pay allows the publishers and the operators to monetize those applications by allowing the content to be billed directly to the consumer via the operator bill. Currently DT Pay is launched in both Australia and Italy.

 

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Logia

The Company entered into a Share Purchase Agreement to acquire subsidiaries and assets of Logia Group, Ltd. (“Seller”), on August 14, 2012, and the Logia acquisition was completed on September 13, 2012. As a part of the transaction, the Company, through an Israeli acquisition company that it formed named “MDG Logia Holdings LTD” (“Logia Holdings”) acquired all of the capital stock of Logia Content Development and Management Ltd., Volas Entertainment Ltd. and Mail Bit Logia (2008) Ltd., each of which was formerly an operating subsidiary of Seller, and is now an operating subsidiary of Logia Holdings. In addition, the Company acquired, by assignment to Logia Holdings, the assets comprising the “LogiaDeck” software, which has been rebranded “Digital Turbine Ignite” (Ignite), and certain operator and other contracts related to the business being sold by Seller, from S.M.B.P. IGLOO Ltd., an affiliate of Seller. Ignite is a patent pending mobile application management solution that enables operators and device OEMs to pre-install and manage applications from a single web interface. It simplifies the device launch process for operators as well as allows the Company and the operator or OEM to monetize their devices with pre-installation of applications.

Logia’s solutions for top-tier mobile operators and content providers include device application management solutions, white label app and media stores, in-app payment solutions, app-based value added services, and mobile social music and TV offerings. Logia operates in more than 20 countries and provides services to more than 50 leading mobile carriers. It has relationships with over 500 app developers and content vendors as well as business agreements with unique mobile platforms and service providers. The largest customer of Logia is the Israeli mobile operator, Cellcom which accounts for more than 50% of Logia’s revenues. Our strategy is to combine Logia’s mobile solutions, carrier relationships and global distribution capabilities with the IQ user experience to provide a ‘best-in-class’, end-to-end solution for the Company’s carrier partners to fully monetize their mobile content catalogs as well as third-party offerings. The Company has signed contracts to license the Ignite solution with numerous global customers including Telefonica, Cellcom, and Avea.

 

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Twistbox Entertainment, Inc.

On February 12, 2008, the Company completed its acquisition of Twistbox Entertainment, Inc. pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger entered into on December 31, 2007, as subsequently amended by the Amendment to Agreement and Plan of Merger dated February 12, 2008, with Twistbox Acquisition, Inc., a Delaware corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of NeuMedia (“Merger Sub”), Twistbox Entertainment, Inc. (“Twistbox”), and Adi McAbian and Spark Capital, L.P., as representatives of the stockholders of Twistbox, as part of which Merger Sub merged with and into Twistbox, with Twistbox as the surviving corporation (the “Merger”). Following the Merger, Twistbox became the sole operating subsidiary of NeuMedia until the acquisition of AMV Holding Limited, a United Kingdom private limited company (“AMV”) on October 23, 2008 as described below.

Twistbox Entertainment, Inc. (“Twistbox”) is a global publisher, developer and enabler of mobile content and data services across mobile networks. Twistbox provides its services in over 14 countries supporting over 50 carriers. Since operations began in 2003, Twistbox has developed an intellectual property portfolio that includes a proprietary mobile publishing platform covering: tools that automate device management; distribution and billing technology; a mobile games development, distribution and retail platform; and a content ratings system adopted by wireless carriers globally to assist with the deployment of age-verified content. Twistbox has leveraged its intellectual property and carrier-class platforms to secure agreements with leading mobile operators throughout the world including, among others, Vodafone, Telefonica, and Orange.

Twistbox currently has a large number of distribution agreements with mobile operators and portals in Europe and North America. Twistbox currently has distribution agreements with more than 15 single territory operators in 11 countries. The strength and coverage of these relationships is of paramount importance and the ability to support and service them is a vital channel for Twistbox’s new product offerings and services.

Twistbox delivers content via Renux™, which is Twistbox’s carrier-class content management and publishing platform developed for the deployment, billing and marketing of mobile content and applications. The system has been in operation for over seven years and today supports over 100 mobile sites, and more than 21 mobile TV channels. The Renux™ content management system stores image and video content formatted for a wide range of mobile devices, and incorporates a comprehensive metadata format that categorizes the content for handset recognition, programming, marketing and reporting. Twistbox maintains content hosting facilities in Washington, D.C. and Frankfurt that support the distribution of content across mobile operator networks globally.

RapidPort™ is Twistbox’s software suite that enables the development and porting of mobile games and applications to over 1,500 different handsets from leading manufacturers including Apple, Nokia, Motorola, Samsung and Sony Ericsson. Twistbox has created an automated handset abstraction tool that significantly reduces the time required to “port” a game across a significant number of these handsets. The RapidPort™ development platform supports a broad number of wireless device formats including iOS, Android, J2ME, BREW, DoJa and Symbian, and provides localization in over 18 languages. Twistbox has enhanced RapidPort™ to include new technology designed to enhance titles with value-added features, such as in-application billing, multi-player and play-for-prizes functionality, 3D graphics and location-based services (LBS).

Nitro-CDP™ is a content download and delivery platform for mobile network operators, portals and content publishers. The Nitro-CDP™ platform allows for real-time content upload, editing, rating and deployment, and merchandising, while maintaining carrier-grade security, reliability and scalability. The platform enables mobile network operators to effectively manage millions of mobile download transactions across multiple channels and categories. Nitro-CDP™ also provides innovative cross-promotional tools, including purchase history-based up-sales and advertising, an individual “My Downloads” area for each consumer and peer-to-peer recommendations.

The CMX Wrapper™ enables mobile operators to integrate additional and complimentary functionality into existing mobile games and applications without the need to alter the original code or involve the original developer. This value-added functionality includes support for in-game promotions and billing, and “try before you buy” and “refer a friend” functionality.

Twistbox has used, registered and applied to register certain trademarks and service marks to distinguish its products, technologies and services from those of its competitors in the United States and in foreign countries. Twistbox also has a copyright known as the “WAAT Media Content Ratings Matrix©”, which has been registered with the United States Copyright Office. On July 25, 2008, Twistbox filed with the United States Patent and Trademark Office a patent application for Improvements In Skill-Based Electronic Gaming Tournament Play having Serial Number 12/180,405. We believe that these trademarks, trade names, patent and copyrights are important to its business. The loss of some of Twistbox’s intellectual property might have a negative impact on its financial results and operations.

 

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AMV Holding Limited

On October 23, 2008, the Company consummated the acquisition of 100% of the issued and outstanding share capital of AMV Holding Limited, a United Kingdom private limited company (“AMV”) and 80% of the issued and outstanding share capital of Fierce Media Limited, United Kingdom private limited company (collectively the “Shares”). The acquisition of AMV is referred to herein as the “AMV Acquisition”. The aggregate purchase price (subject to adjustments as provided in the stock purchase agreement) for the Shares consisted of (i) $5,375,000 in cash; (ii) 900,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share; (iii) a secured promissory note in the aggregate principal amount of $5,375,000 (the “AMV Note”); and (iv) additional earn-out amounts, if any, based on certain targeted earnings as set forth in the stock purchase agreement.

On June 21, 2010, the Company signed and closed an agreement whereby ValueAct and the AMV founders, acting through a newly formed company, acquired all of the AMV operating subsidiaries (the “Assets”) in exchange for the release of $23.2 million of secured indebtedness, comprising of a release of all amounts due and payable under the AMV Note and all of the amounts due and payable under the ValueAct Note (as defined below) except for $3.5 million in principal, of which $2.5 million remains outstanding to be paid to the Company’s creditors. The Company retained all assets and liabilities of Twistbox and the Company other than the AMV operating subsidiaries.

 

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Recent Developments and Future Plans

As a result of both the needs of the operator and the need for the Company to scale its distribution, the Company is pursuing targeted acquisitions that will accelerate growth. In September 2012, the Company acquired 100% of the issued and outstanding share capital of three operating subsidiaries of Logia Group Ltd. Logia is a mobile content development and management solutions provider of innovative mobile solutions to top-tier operators and content providers. Our strategy is to leverage Logia’s distribution channels and complimentary technology, Ignite, with the IQ user experience to provide a ‘best-in-class’, end-to-end solution for the Company’s carrier partners to fully monetize their mobile content catalogs as well as third-party offerings.

On December 6, 2012, the Company issued 133,333 shares of its common stock to Intel Capital as a non-refundable deposit toward the purchase of certain music label assets of mobile entertainment studio skyrockit, an Intel Capital portfolio company.

On April 12, 2013, the Company, through its indirect wholly owned subsidiary organized under the laws of Australia, Digital Turbine Australia Pty Ltd (“DT Australia”), acquired all of the issued and outstanding stock of Mirror Image International Holdings Pty Ltd (“MIAH”). MIAH owns direct or indirect subsidiaries Mirror Image Access (Australia) Pty Ltd (MIA), MIA Technology Australia Pty Ltd (MIATA) and MIA Technology IP Pty Ltd (together the MIAH, the “MIA Group”). The acquired business of the MIA Group is referred to as “MIA” in this Form 10-K. MIA is a leading mobile solutions provider based in Australia. MIA has extensive content licenses with major brands, as well as a proprietary content management and billing integration system (called “Sphere”). MIA enables experiences on connected devices by enabling the delivery of content and applications to multiple devices, across any network, in any format. The Sphere platform enables carriers, media companies and brands to work together.

The aggregate purchase price of MIA was AUD$7,000,000, subject to certain adjustments and was comprised of (i) cash in the amount of AUD$1,220,000, (ii) 1,011,164 shares of common stock of the Company with an aggregate value of AUD$3,500,000, at an effective price per share of U.S.$3.65, and (iii) a promissory note issued by us in the principal amount of AUD$2,280,000. This note is payable to a nominee of the sellers, Zingo (Aust) Pty Ltd, bears interest at the rate of 6%, compounded monthly, matures on July 12, 2013, and is secured by a pledge of the shares of MIAH and MIATA.

The Company believes that certain of the assets of Twistbox could be utilized in development of assets acquired in both the Logia and MIA transactions.

 

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Competition

Digital Turbine has created a technology platform that allows media companies, mobile carriers, and their OEM handset partners to take advantage of multiple mobile operating systems across multiple networks, and offers solutions that allow them to maintain their own branding and personalized, one-to-one relationships with each end-user. Our primary competition comes from the Apple Store, Google Play, and existing operator solutions built internally. There is some competition in the space by Everything.me but our main competitors are OEM launchers and Android launchers.

Logia has internally developed solutions for top-tier mobile operators and content providers include device application management solutions, white label app and media stores, in-app payment solutions, app-based value added services, and mobile social music and TV offerings. Logia’s Ignite is a patent pending mobile application management solution that enables operators and device OEMs to pre-install and manage applications from a single web interface. We see competitors in internally developed operator solutions and specific mobile application management solutions built individually by OEMs.

Twistbox is an established enabler of content management services designed for the complex needs and requirements of mobile carriers. The industry trend has been for carriers to focus on fewer partners and outsource their content retailing and infrastructure requirements. We believe that Twistbox’s reputation and existing integration with carriers globally enhances the Company’s overall position allowing it to continue to manage, evolve and offer new services for operators globally, principally the offering of the IQ platform to Twistbox customers.

Twistbox competes with a number of other companies in the mobile content services industry, including Mondia Media, Net-M, Jesta, Buongiorno (recently acquired by NTT DoCoMo), Mobile Streams, and ZED Group. To the extent that such firms continue to focus on enabling services, they will compete directly with Twistbox. While Twistbox competes with many of the leading publishers, its core business is enabling services and platforms for operators and publishers to enhance revenues. In turn, through the management of an operator’s download platform, or facilitating in-application billing, Twistbox has become a strategic value added partner to the mobile operator community.

Employees

As of March 31, 2013, the Company, including its subsidiaries, had 89 employees, 74 of whom were full-time and 15 of whom were part-time. We consider our relationships with our employees to be satisfactory. None of our employees are covered by a collective bargaining agreement.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

Unless the context otherwise indicates, the use of the terms “we,” “our” “us” or the “Company” refer to the business and operations of Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. (“Mandalay”) through its operating and wholly-owned subsidiaries Twistbox Entertainment, Inc. (“Twistbox”), Digital Turbine Inc. (“DT”), Logia Mobile (“Logia”) and Mirror Image Access Pty Ltd. (“MIA”).

Investing in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. Current investors and potential investors should consider carefully the risks and uncertainties described below together with all other information contained in this Form 10-K before making investment decisions with respect to our common stock. The business, financial condition and operating results of the Company can be affected by a number of factors, whether currently known or unknown, including but not limited to those described below, any one or more of which could, directly or indirectly, cause the Company’s actual results of operations and financial condition to vary materially from past, or from anticipated future, results of operations and financial condition. If any of the following risks actually occurs, our business, financial condition, results of operations and our future growth prospects would be materially and adversely affected. Under these circumstances, the trading price and value of our common stock could decline, resulting in a loss of all or part of your investment. The risks and uncertainties described in this Form 10-K are not the only ones facing us. Additional risks and uncertainties of which we are not presently aware, or that we currently consider immaterial, may also affect our business operations.

Past financial performance should not be considered to be a reliable indicator of future performance, and current and potential investors should not use historical trends to anticipate results or trends in future periods.

 

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Risks Related to Our Business

The Company has a history of net losses, may incur substantial net losses in the future, and may not achieve profitability.

We expect to continue to increase expenses as we implement initiatives designed to continue to grow our business, including, among other things, the development and marketing of new products and services, further international and domestic expansion, expansion of our infrastructure, development of systems and processes, acquisition of content, and general and administrative expenses associated with being a public company. If our revenues do not increase to offset these expected increases in operating expenses, we will continue to incur significant losses and will not become profitable. Our revenue growth in past periods should not be considered indicative of our future performance. In fact, in future periods, our revenues could decline as they have in recent years. Accordingly, we may not be able to achieve profitability in the future.

If there are delays in the distribution of IQ or other DT products or if we are unable to successfully negotiate with carriers or mobile operators or if these negotiations cannot occur on a timely basis, we may not be able to generate revenues sufficient to meet the needs of the business in the foreseeable future or at all.

We are still considering the future status and role of Twistbox in relation to our focus on the IQ platform. Although it is one of our active businesses, Twistbox revenues have been declining, which we expect to continue for the foreseeable future. At the same time, we are leveraging its existing customer base for offerings by IQ. While offering the IQ platform to Twistbox customers is an attractive strategy, it continues to entail significant risks, some of which are described in these “Risk Factors”, and includes the risk that Twistbox may operate at a deficit while we work on launching the suite of IQ products, which, in turn, entails business and financial risks and the possibility of needing additional capital and the associate dilution.

We have a limited operating history in an emerging market, which may make it difficult to evaluate our business.

We have only a limited history of generating revenues, and the future revenue potential of our business in this emerging market is uncertain. As a result of our short operating history, we have limited financial data that can be used to evaluate our business. Any evaluation of our business and our prospects must be considered in light of our limited operating history and the risks and uncertainties encountered by companies in our stage of development. As an early stage company in the emerging mobile entertainment industry, we face increased risks, uncertainties, expenses and difficulties. To address these risks and uncertainties, we must do the following:

 

   

maintain our current, and develop new, wireless carrier relationships, in both international and domestic markets;

 

   

maintain and expand our current, and develop new, relationships with compelling content owners;

 

   

retain or improve our current revenue-sharing arrangements with carriers and content owners;

 

   

continue to develop new high-quality products and services that achieve significant market acceptance;

 

   

continue to develop and upgrade our technology;

 

   

continue to enhance our information processing systems;

 

   

increase the number of end users of our products and services;

 

   

execute our business and marketing strategies successfully;

 

   

respond to competitive developments; and

 

   

attract, integrate, retain and motivate qualified personnel.

We may be unable to accomplish one or more of these objectives, which could cause our business to suffer. In addition, accomplishing many of these efforts might be very expensive, which could adversely impact our operating results and financial condition.

Our financial results could vary significantly from quarter to quarter and are difficult to predict.

Twistbox’s revenues are declining and are expected to continue to decline. Our revenues and operating results could vary significantly from quarter to quarter because of a variety of factors, many of which are outside of our control. As a result, comparing our operating results on a period-to-period basis may not be meaningful. In addition, we are not able to predict our future revenues or results of operations. We base our current and future expense levels on our internal operating plans and sales forecasts, and our operating costs are to a large extent fixed. As a result, we may not be able to reduce our costs sufficiently to compensate for an unexpected shortfall in revenues, and even a small shortfall in revenues could disproportionately and adversely affect financial results for that quarter. Individual products and services, and carrier

 

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relationships, represent meaningful portions of our revenues and margins in any quarter. In addition, some payments from carriers that we recognize as revenue on a cash basis may be delayed unpredictably.

In addition to other risk factors discussed in this section, factors that may contribute to the variability of our quarterly results include:

 

   

the number of new products and services released by us and our competitors;

 

   

the timing of release of new products and services by us and our competitors, particularly those that may represent a significant portion of revenues in a period;

 

   

the popularity of new products and services, and products and services released in prior periods;

 

   

changes in prominence of deck placement for our leading products and those of our competitors;

 

   

the expiration of existing content licenses;

 

   

the timing of charges related to impairments of goodwill, intangible assets, royalties and minimum guarantees;

 

   

changes in pricing policies by us, our competitors or our carriers and other distributors;

 

   

changes in the mix of original and licensed content, which have varying gross margins;

 

   

the seasonality of our industry;

 

   

fluctuations in the size and rate of growth of overall consumer demand for mobile products and services and related content;

 

   

strategic decisions by us or our competitors, such as acquisitions, divestitures, spin-offs, joint ventures, strategic investments or changes in business strategy;

 

   

our success in entering new geographic markets;

 

   

foreign exchange fluctuations;

 

   

accounting rules governing recognition of revenue;

 

   

general economic, political and market conditions and trends;

 

   

the timing of compensation expense associated with equity compensation grants; and

 

   

decisions by us to incur additional expenses, such as increases in marketing or research and development.

As a result of these and other factors, our operating results may not meet the expectations of investors or public market analysts who choose to follow our company. Our failure to meet market expectations would likely result in decreases in the trading price of our common stock.

We currently rely on wireless carriers to market and distribute some of our products and services and thus to generate some of our revenues. The loss of or a change in any of these significant carrier relationships could cause us to lose access to their subscribers and thus materially reduce our revenues.

The future success of our on-deck business is highly dependent upon maintaining successful relationships with the wireless carriers with which we currently work and establishing new carrier relationships in geographies where we have not yet established a significant presence. A significant portion of our revenue is derived from a very limited number of carriers. We expect that we will continue to generate a substantial portion of our revenues through distribution relationships with a limited number of carriers for the foreseeable future. Our failure to maintain our relationships with these carriers would materially reduce our revenues and thus harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

We have both exclusive and non-exclusive carrier agreements. Typically, carrier agreements have a term of one or two years with automatic renewal provisions upon expiration of the initial term, absent a contrary notice from either party. In addition, some carrier agreements provide that the carrier can terminate the agreement early and, in some instances, at any time without cause, which could give them the ability to renegotiate economic or other terms. The agreements generally do not obligate the carriers to market or distribute any of our products or services. In many of these agreements, we warrant that our products do not violate community standards, do not contain libelous content, do not contain material defects or viruses, and do not violate third-party intellectual property rights and we indemnify the carrier for any breach of a third party’s intellectual property. In addition, many of our agreements allow the carrier to set the retail price without

 

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adjustment to the negotiated revenue split. If one of these carriers sets the retail price below historic pricing models, the total revenues received from these carriers will be significantly reduced.

Many other factors outside our control could impair our ability to generate revenues through a given carrier, including the following:

 

   

the carrier’s preference for our competitors’ products and services rather than ours;

 

   

the carrier’s decision not to include or highlight our products and services on the deck of its mobile handsets;

 

   

the carrier’s decision to discontinue the sale of some or all of products and services;

 

   

the carrier’s decision to offer similar products and services to its subscribers without charge or at reduced prices;

 

   

the carrier’s decision to require market development funds from publishers like us;

 

   

the carrier’s decision to restrict or alter subscription or other terms for downloading our products and services;

 

   

a failure of the carrier’s merchandising, provisioning or billing systems;

 

   

the carrier’s decision to offer its own competing products and services;

 

   

the carrier’s decision to transition to different platforms and revenue models; and

 

   

consolidation among carriers.

If any of our carriers decides not to market or distribute our products and services or decides to terminate, not renew or modify the terms of its agreement with us or if there is consolidation among carriers generally, we may be unable to replace the affected agreement with acceptable alternatives, causing us to lose access to that carrier’s subscribers and the revenues they afford us, which could materially harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

Failure to renew our existing brand and content licenses on favorable terms or at all and to obtain additional licenses would impair our ability to introduce new products and services or to continue to offer our products and services based on third-party content.

Revenues are derived from our products and services based on or incorporating brands or other intellectual property licensed from third parties. Any of our licensors could decide not to renew our existing license or not to license additional intellectual property and instead license to our competitors or develop and publish its own products or other applications, competing with us in the marketplace. Several of these licensors already provide intellectual property for other platforms, and may have significant experience and development resources available to them should they decide to compete with us rather than license to us.

We have both exclusive and non-exclusive licenses and licenses that are both global and licenses that are limited to specific geographies. Our licenses generally have terms that range from two to five years. We may be unable to renew these licenses or to renew them on terms favorable to us, and we may be unable to secure alternatives in a timely manner. Failure to maintain or renew our existing licenses or to obtain additional licenses would impair our ability to introduce new products and services or to continue to offer our current products or services, which would materially harm our business, operating results and financial condition. Some of our existing licenses impose, and licenses that we obtain in the future might impose, development, distribution and marketing obligations on us. If we breach our obligations, our licensors might have the right to terminate our licenses, and such termination would harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

Even if we are successful in gaining new licenses or extending existing licenses, we may fail to anticipate the entertainment, shopping or mobile preferences of our end users when making choices about which brands or other content to license. If the entertainment, shopping or mobile preferences of end users shift to content or brands owned or developed by companies with which we do not have relationships, we may be unable to establish and maintain successful relationships with these developers and owners, which would materially harm our business, operating results and financial condition. In addition, some rights are licensed from licensors that have or may develop financial difficulties, and may enter into bankruptcy protection under U.S. federal law or the laws of other countries. If any of our licensors files for bankruptcy, our licenses might be impaired or voided, which could materially harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

Inferior on-deck placement of our products, or the failure of the market to accept the IQ system, would likely adversely impact our revenues and thus our operating results and financial condition.

Wireless carriers provide a limited selection of products that are accessible to their subscribers through a deck on their mobile handsets. The inherent limitation on the volume of products available on the deck is a function of the limited screen size of handsets and carriers’ perceptions of the depth of menus and numbers of choices end users will generally utilize. Carriers typically provide one or more top level menus highlighting products that are recent top sellers or are of particular interest to the subscriber, that the carrier believes will become top sellers or that the carrier otherwise chooses to feature, in addition to a link to a menu of additional products sorted by genre. We believe that deck placement on the top level or featured menu or toward the top of genre-specific or other menus, rather than lower down or in sub-menus, is likely to result in products achieving a greater degree of commercial success. If carriers choose to give our products less favorable deck placement, our products may be less successful than we anticipate, our revenues may decline and our business, operating results and financial condition may be materially harmed. In addition, if carriers or other participants in the market favor another competitor’s products over IQ, or opt not to enable and implement technology like IQ to unify operating systems, our future growth could suffer and our revenues could be negatively affected.

 

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If we are unsuccessful in establishing and increasing awareness of our brand and recognition of our products and services or if we incur excessive expenses promoting and maintaining our brand or our products and services, our potential revenues could be limited, our costs could increase and our operating results and financial condition could be harmed.

We believe that establishing and maintaining our brand is critical to retaining and expanding our existing relationships with wireless carriers, content licensors, and mobile publishers as well as developing new relationships. Promotion of the Company’s brands will depend on our success in providing high-quality products and services. Similarly, recognition of our products and services by end users will depend on our ability to develop engaging products and quality services to maintain existing, and attracts new, business relationships and end users. However, our success will also depend, in part, on the services and efforts of third parties, over which we have little or no control. For instance, if our carriers fail to provide high levels of service, our end users’ ability to access our products and services may be interrupted, which may adversely affect our brand. If end users, branded content owners and carriers do not perceive our offerings as high-quality or if we introduce new products and services that are not favorably received by our end users and carriers, then we may be unsuccessful in building brand recognition and brand loyalty in the marketplace. In addition, globalizing and extending our brand and recognition of our products and services will be costly and will involve extensive management time to execute successfully. Further, the markets in which we operate are highly competitive and some of our competitors already have substantially more brand name recognition and greater marketing resources than we do. If we fail to increase brand awareness and consumer recognition of our products and services, our potential revenues could be limited, our costs could increase and our business, operating results and financial condition could suffer.

We currently rely on third-party billing aggregators to provide end-users with access to some of our products and services through  premium short message system (Premium SMS), WAP billing and other technologies. The loss of, or a change in, any of these significant third-party relationships or the use of mobile billing technologies could reduce the number of transactions initiated by these end-users and thus materially reduce our revenues.

Our off-deck business is dependent upon access to available traffic and billing aggregators that use mobile billing technologies to deliver and bill for our products and services. If we were to lose one or more of these relationships, or if there is a material change or limitation in the use of certain billing technologies, we would experience a significant reduction in the number of transactions initiated by end-users and thus material reduction in our revenues.

If we fail to deliver our products and services at the same time as new mobile handset models are commercially introduced, our sales may suffer.

Our business is dependent, in part, on the commercial introduction of new handset models with enhanced features, including larger, higher resolution color screens, improved audio quality, and greater processing power, memory, battery life and storage. We do not control the timing of these handset launches. Some new handsets are sold by carriers with certain products or other applications pre-loaded, and many end users who download our products or use our services do so after they purchase their new handsets to experience the new features of those handsets. Some handset manufacturers give us access to their handsets prior to commercial release. If one or more major handset manufacturers were to cease to provide us access to new handset models prior to commercial release, we might be unable to introduce compatible versions of our products and services for those handsets in coordination with their commercial release, and we might not be able to make compatible versions for a substantial period following their commercial release. If, because of launch delays, we miss the opportunity to sell products and services when new handsets are shipped or our end users upgrade to a new handset, or if we miss the key holiday selling period, either because the introduction of a new handset is delayed or we do not deploy our products and services in time for the holiday selling season, our revenues would likely decline and our business, operating results and financial condition would likely suffer.

We may be unable to develop and introduce in a timely way new products or services, and our products and services may have defects, which could harm our brand.

The planned timing and introduction of new products and services are subject to risks and uncertainties. Unexpected technical, operational, deployment, distribution or other problems could delay or prevent the introduction of new products and services, which could result in a loss of, or delay in, revenues or damage to our reputation and brand. If any of our products or services is introduced with defects, errors or failures, we could experience decreased sales, loss of end users, damage to our carrier relationships and damage to our reputation and brand. Our attractiveness to branded content licensors might also be reduced. In addition, new products and services may not achieve sufficient market acceptance to offset the costs of development, particularly when the introduction of a product or service is substantially later than a planned “day-and-date” launch, which could materially harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

 

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If we fail to maintain and enhance our capabilities for porting our offerings to a broad array of mobile handsets, our attractiveness to wireless carriers and branded content owners will be impaired, and our sales could suffer.

Once developed, a product or application may be required to be ported to, or converted into separate versions for, more than 1,000 different handset models, many with different technological requirements. These include handsets with various combinations of underlying technologies, user interfaces, keypad layouts, screen resolutions, sound capabilities and other carrier-specific customizations. If we fail to maintain or enhance our porting capabilities, our sales could suffer, branded content owners might choose not to grant us licenses and carriers might choose not to give our products and services desirable deck placement or not to give our products and services placement on their decks at all.

Changes to our design and development processes to address new features or functions of handsets or networks might cause inefficiencies in our porting process or might result in more labor-intensive porting processes. In addition, we anticipate that in the future we will be required to port existing and new products and applications to a broader array of handsets. If we utilize more labor intensive porting processes, our margins could be significantly reduced and it might take us longer to port our products and applications to an equivalent number of handsets. This, in turn, could harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

As a result of a majority of our revenues from on-deck distribution channels currently being derived from a limited number of wireless carriers, if any one of these carriers were unable to fulfill its payment obligations, our financial condition and results of operations would suffer.

If any of our primary carriers is unable to fulfill its payment obligations to us under our carrier agreements with them, our revenues attributable to on-deck distribution could decline significantly and our financial condition will be harmed.

We may be subject to legal liability associated with providing mobile and online services or content.

We provide a variety of products and services that enable carriers, content providers and users to engage in various mobile and online activities both domestically and internationally. The law relating to the liability of providers of these mobile and online services and products for such activities is still unsettled and constantly evolving in the U.S. and internationally. Claims have been threatened and have been brought against us for breaches of contract, copyright or trademark infringement, tort or other theories based on the provision of these products and services. In addition, we are and have been and may again in the future be subject to domestic or international actions alleging that certain content we have generated or third-party content that we have made available within our services violates laws in domestic and international jurisdictions. We also arrange for the distribution of third-party advertisements to third-party publishers and advertising networks, and we offer third-party products, services, or content. We may be subject to claims concerning these products, services, or content by virtue of our involvement in marketing, branding, broadcasting, or providing access to them, even if we do not ourselves host, operate, provide, or provide access to these products, services, or content. While we routinely insert indemnification provisions into our contracts with these parties, such indemnities to us, when obtainable, may not cover all damages and losses suffered by us and our customers from covered products and services. In addition, recorded reserves and/or insurance coverage may be exceeded by unexpected results from such claims which directly impacts profits. Defending such actions could be costly and involve significant time and attention of our management and other resources, may result in monetary liabilities or penalties and may require us to change our business in an adverse manner.

Risks Related to Our Market

The markets in which we operate are highly competitive, and many of our competitors have significantly greater resources than we do.

The development, distribution and sale of mobile products and services is a highly competitive business. We compete for end users primarily on the basis of “on-deck” or “off-deck” positioning, brand, quality and price. We compete for wireless carriers for “on-deck” placement based on these factors, as well as historical performance, technical know-how, perception of sales potential and relationships with licensors of brands and other intellectual property. We compete for content and brand licensors based on royalty and other economic terms, perceptions of development quality, porting abilities, speed of execution, distribution breadth and relationships with carriers. We compete for platform deployment contracts amongst other mobile platform companies. We also compete for experienced and talented employees.

Our primary competitors for the on-deck distribution channels as well as the provisioning of platform services include Mondia Media, Voltari (formerly known as Motricity), net mobile AG, Jesta Digital, Buongiorno (acquired by NTT DOCOMO), Mobile Streams, and Gameloft, and for end-users via our direct-to-consumer off-deck services they include Zamano plc, Playphone, Inc, Jesta and Flycell Inc. For our storefront business, our primary competition comes from the Apple App Store, Google Play, and existing operator solutions built internally. For the DT IQ product, there is some competition in the space by Everything.me but our main competitors are OEM launchers and Android launchers. With DT Ignite, we see competitors in internally developed operator solutions and specific mobile application management solutions built individually by OEMs. In the future, likely competitors include major media companies, traditional video game publishers, platform developers, content aggregators, mobile software providers and independent mobile game publishers. Carriers may also decide to develop, internally or through a managed third-party developer, and distribute their own products and services. If carriers enter the wireless market as publishers, they might refuse to distribute some or all of our products and services or might deny us access to all or part of their networks. DT, whose principal customers would be carriers, would face competition from any carriers who decided to distribute their own products or services. In addition, while we are not aware of any non-carriers who are seeking to offer the equivalent scope of services as the DT platform, various of the competitors mentioned above (and new competitors entering the mobile platform space) currently offer or could in the future offer components of DT’s platform, and may seek to expand their offerings to compete with DT on a comprehensive basis, especially if DT’s model and approach meets with success.

Some of our competitors’ and our potential competitors’ advantages over us, either globally or in particular geographic markets, include the following:

 

   

significantly greater revenues and financial resources;

 

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stronger brand and consumer recognition regionally or worldwide;

 

   

the capacity to leverage their marketing expenditures across a broader portfolio of mobile and non-mobile products;

 

   

more substantial intellectual property of their own from which they can develop products and services without having to pay royalties;

 

   

pre-existing relationships with brand owners or carriers that afford them access to intellectual property while blocking the access of competitors to that same intellectual property;

 

   

greater resources to make acquisitions;

 

   

lower labor and development costs; and

 

   

broader global distribution and presence.

If we are unable to compete effectively or we are not as successful as our competitors in our target markets, our sales could decline (or inhibit generation of sales, in DT’s case), our margins could decline and we could lose market share (or in DT’s case, fail to penetrate the market), any of which would materially harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

End user tastes are continually changing and are often unpredictable; if we fail to develop and publish new products and services that achieve market acceptance, our sales would suffer.

Our business depends on developing and publishing new products and services that wireless carriers distribute and end users will buy. We must continue to invest significant resources in licensing efforts, research and development, marketing and regional expansion to enhance our offering of new products and services, and we must make decisions about these matters well in advance of product release in order to implement them in a timely manner. Our success depends, in part, on unpredictable and volatile factors beyond our control, including end-user preferences, competing products and services and the availability of other entertainment activities. If our products and services are not responsive to the requirements of our carriers or the entertainment preferences of end users, are not marketed effectively through our direct-to-consumer operations, or they are not brought to market in a timely and effective manner, our business, operating results and financial condition would be harmed. Even if our products and services are successfully introduced, marketed effectively and initially adopted, a subsequent shift in our carriers, the entertainment, shopping and mobile preferences of end users, or our relationship with third-party billing aggregators could cause a decline in the popularity of, or access to, our offerings could materially reduce our revenues and harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

Wireless carriers generally control the price charged for our products and services and the billing and collection for sales and could make decisions detrimental to us.

Wireless carriers generally control the price charged for our products and services either by approving or establishing the price of the offering charged to their subscribers. Some of our carrier agreements also restrict our ability to change prices. In cases where carrier approval is required, approvals may not be granted in a timely manner or at all. A failure or delay in obtaining these approvals, the prices established by the carriers for our offerings, or changes in these prices could adversely affect market acceptance of our offerings. Similarly, for a minority of our carriers, when we make changes to a pricing plan (the wholesale price and the corresponding suggested retail price based on our negotiated revenue-sharing arrangement), adjustments to the actual retail price charged to end users may not be made in a timely manner or at all (even though our wholesale price was reduced). A failure or delay by these carriers in adjusting the retail price for our offerings, could adversely affect sales volume and our revenues for those offerings.

Carriers and other distributors also control billings and collections for our products and services, either directly or through third-party service providers. If our carriers or their third-party service providers cause material inaccuracies when providing billing and collection services to us, our revenues may be less than anticipated or may be subject to refund at the discretion of the carrier. This could harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

We currently rely on the current state of the law in certain territories where we operate our “off-deck” direct-to-consumer business and any adverse change in such laws may significantly adversely impact our revenues and thus our operating results and financial condition.

Decisions that regulators or governing bodies make with regard to the provision and marketing of mobile content and/or billing can have a significant impact on the revenues generated in that market. Although most of our markets are mature with regulation clearly defined and implemented, there remains the potential for regulatory changes that would have adverse consequences on the business and subsequently our revenue.

We rely on our current understanding of regional regulatory requirements pertaining to the marketing, advertising and promotion of our “off-deck” direct- to-consumer products and services and any adverse change in such regulations, or a finding that we did not properly

 

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understand such regulations, may significantly impact our ability to market, advertise and promote our products and services thereby adversely impact our revenues and thus our operating results and financial condition.

Our off-deck business relies extensively on marketing, advertising and promoting its products and services requiring it to have an understanding of the local laws and regulations governing its business. In the event that we have relied on inaccurate information or advice, and engage in marketing, advertising or promotional activities that are not permitted, we may be subject to penalties, restricted from engaging in further activities or altogether prohibited from offering our products and services in a particular territory, all or any of which will adversely impact our revenues and thus our operating results and financial condition.

The strategic direction of the Digital Turbine business is not proven or certain.

The business model that Digital Turbine is pursuing, white label storefront solutions, is not proven. There are many different types of models including, but not limited to, up-front fees, revenue shares, per device fees, and advertising. Initial feedback from customers shows preference for different types of models. This could lead to risk in predicting future revenues and profits by individual customers. In particular, the ‘free’ download market is reliant upon mobile advertising and the mobile advertising market is still in a nascent phase of monetization.

In addition, our strategy for Digital Turbine entails offering its platform to Twistbox customers. There can be no assurance that we will be able to successfully market new services and offerings to Twistbox customers. Moreover, in order to credibly offer the IQ platform, we will need to achieve additional operational and technical achievements to further develop the product. While we remain optimistic about our ability to complete this build out, it will be subject to all of the risks attendant to development efforts as well as the need to provide additional capital to the effort.

Risks Relating to Our Industry

Wireless communications technologies are changing rapidly, and we may not be successful in working with these new technologies.

Wireless network and mobile handset technologies are undergoing rapid innovation. New handsets with more advanced processors and supporting advanced programming languages continue to be introduced. In addition, networks that enable enhanced features are being developed and deployed. We have no control over the demand for, or success of, these products or technologies. If we fail to anticipate and adapt to these and other technological changes, the available channels for our products and services may be limited and our market share and our operating results may suffer. Our future success will depend on our ability to adapt to rapidly changing technologies and develop products and services to accommodate evolving industry standards with improved performance and reliability. In addition, the widespread adoption of networking or telecommunications technologies or other technological changes could require substantial expenditures to modify or adapt our products and services.

Technology changes in the wireless industry require us to anticipate, sometimes years in advance, which technologies we must implement and take advantage of in order to make our products and services, and other mobile entertainment products, competitive in the market. Therefore, we usually start our product development with a range of technical development goals that we hope to be able to achieve. We may not be able to achieve these goals, or our competition may be able to achieve them more quickly and effectively than we can. In either case, our products and services may be technologically inferior to those of our competitors, less appealing to end users, or both. If we cannot achieve our technology goals within our original development schedule, then we may delay their release until these technology goals can be achieved, which may delay or reduce our revenues, increase our development expenses and harm our reputation. Alternatively, we may increase the resources employed in research and development in an attempt either to preserve our product launch schedule or to keep up with our competition, which would increase our development expenses. In either case, our business, operating results and financial condition could be materially harmed.

The complexity of and incompatibilities among mobile handsets may require us to use additional resources for the development of our products and services.

To reach large numbers of wireless subscribers, mobile entertainment publishers and white label storefront providers we must support numerous mobile handsets and technologies. However, keeping pace with the rapid innovation of handset technologies together with the continuous introduction of new, and often incompatible, handset models by wireless carriers requires us to make significant investments in research and development, including personnel, technologies and equipment. In the future, we may be required to make substantial investments in our development if the number of different types of handset models continues to proliferate. In addition, as more advanced handsets are introduced that enable more complex, feature rich products and services, we anticipate that our development costs will increase, which could increase the risks associated with one or more of our products or services and could materially harm our operating results and financial condition.

If wireless subscribers do not continue to use their mobile handsets to access mobile entertainment and other applications, our business growth and future revenues may be adversely affected.

We operate in a developing industry. Our success depends on growth in the number of wireless subscribers who use their handsets to access data services and, in particular, entertainment applications of the type we develop and distribute. New or different mobile entertainment

 

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applications developed by our current or future competitors may be preferred by subscribers to our offerings. In addition, other mobile platforms may become widespread, and end users may choose to switch to these platforms. If the market for our products and services does not continue to grow or we are unable to acquire new end users, our business growth and future revenues could be adversely affected. If end users switch their entertainment spending away from the kinds of offerings that we publish, or switch to platforms or distribution where we do not have comparative strengths, our revenues would likely decline and our business, operating results and financial condition would suffer.

Our industry is subject to risks generally associated with the entertainment industry, any of which could significantly harm our operating results.

Our business is subject to risks that are generally associated with the entertainment industry, many of which are beyond our control. These risks could negatively impact our operating results and include: the popularity, price and timing of release of our offerings and mobile handsets on which they are accessed; economic conditions that adversely affect discretionary consumer spending; changes in consumer demographics; the availability and popularity of other forms of entertainment; and critical reviews and public tastes and preferences, which may change rapidly and cannot necessarily be predicted.

A shift of technology platform by wireless carriers and mobile handset manufacturers could lengthen the development period for our offerings, increase our costs and cause our offerings to be of lower quality or to be published later than anticipated.

Mobile handsets require multimedia capabilities enabled by technologies capable of running applications such as ours. Our development resources are concentrated in today’s most popular platforms, and we have experience developing applications for these platforms. If one or more of these technologies fall out of favor with handset manufacturers and wireless carriers and there is a rapid shift to a new technology where we do not have development experience or resources, the development period for our products and services may be lengthened, increasing our costs, and the resulting products and services may be of lower quality, and may be published later than anticipated. In such an event, our reputation, business, operating results and financial condition might suffer.

System or network failures could reduce our sales, increase costs or result in a loss of end users of our products and services.

Mobile publishers rely on wireless carriers’ networks to deliver products and services to end users and on their or other third parties’ billing systems to track and account for the downloading of such offerings. In certain circumstances, mobile publishers may also rely on their own servers to deliver products on demand to end users through their carriers’ networks. In addition, certain products require access over the mobile Internet to our servers in order to enable certain features. Any failure of, or technical problem with, carriers’, third parties’ or our billing systems, delivery systems, information systems or communications networks could result in the inability of end users to download our products, prevent the completion of a billing transaction, or interfere with access to some aspects of our products. If any of these systems fail or if there is an interruption in the supply of power, an earthquake, fire, flood or other natural disaster, or an act of war or terrorism, end users might be unable to access our offerings. For example, from time to time, our carriers have experienced failures with their billing and delivery systems and communication networks, including gateway failures that reduced the provisioning capacity of their branded e-commerce system. Any failure of, or technical problem with, the carriers’, other third parties’ or our systems could cause us to lose end users or revenues or incur substantial repair costs and distract management from operating our business. This, in turn, could harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

Our business depends on the growth and maintenance of wireless communications infrastructure.

Our success will depend on the continued growth and maintenance of wireless communications infrastructure in the United States and internationally. This includes deployment and maintenance of reliable next-generation digital networks with the speed, data capacity and security necessary to provide reliable wireless communications services. Wireless communications infrastructure may be unable to support the demands placed on it if the number of subscribers continues to increase, or if existing or future subscribers increase their bandwidth requirements. Wireless communications have experienced a variety of outages and other delays as a result of infrastructure and equipment failures, and could face outages and delays in the future. These outages and delays could reduce the level of wireless communications usage as well as our ability to distribute our products and services successfully. In addition, changes by a wireless carrier to network infrastructure may interfere with downloads and may cause end users to lose functionality. This could harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

Future mobile handsets may significantly reduce or eliminate wireless carriers’ control over delivery of our products and services and force us to rely further on alternative sales channels, which, if not successful, could require us to increase our sales and marketing expenses significantly.

A growing number of handset models currently available allow wireless subscribers to browse the Internet and, in some cases, download applications from sources other than through a carrier’s on-deck portal. In addition, the development of other application delivery mechanisms such as premium-SMS may enable subscribers to download applications without having to access a carrier’s on-deck portal. Increased use by subscribers of open operating system handsets or premium-SMS delivery systems will enable them to bypass the carriers’ on-deck portal and could reduce the market power of carriers. This could force us to rely further on alternative sales channels and could require us to increase our sales and marketing expenses significantly. Relying on placement of our products and services in the menus of off-deck distributors may result in lower revenues than might otherwise be anticipated. We may be unable to develop and promote our direct website distribution sufficiently to overcome the limitations and disadvantages of off-deck distribution channels. This could harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

 

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Actual or perceived security vulnerabilities in mobile handsets or wireless networks could adversely affect our revenues.

Maintaining the security of mobile handsets and wireless networks is critical for our business. There are individuals and groups who develop and deploy viruses, worms and other illicit code or malicious software programs that may attack wireless networks and handsets. Security experts have identified computer “worm” programs that target handsets running on certain operating systems. Although these worms have not been widely released and do not present an immediate risk to our business, we believe future threats could lead some end users to seek to reduce or delay future purchases of our products or reduce or delay the use of their handsets. Wireless carriers and handset manufacturers may also increase their expenditures on protecting their wireless networks and mobile phone products from attack, which could delay adoption of new handset models. Any of these activities could adversely affect our revenues and this could harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

Changes in government regulation of the media and wireless communications industries may adversely affect our business.

A number of laws and regulations have been and likely will continue to be adopted in the United States and elsewhere that could restrict the media and wireless communications industries, including laws and regulations regarding customer privacy, taxation, content suitability, copyright, distribution and antitrust. Furthermore, the growth and development of the market for electronic commerce may prompt calls for more stringent consumer protection laws that may impose additional burdens on companies such as ours conducting business through wireless carriers. We anticipate that regulation of our industry will increase and that we will be required to devote legal and other resources to address this regulation. Changes in current laws or regulations or the imposition of new laws and regulations in the United States or elsewhere regarding the media and wireless communications industries may lessen the growth of wireless communications services and may materially reduce our ability to increase or maintain sales of our products and services.

A number of studies have examined the health effects of mobile phone use, and the results of some of the studies have been interpreted as evidence that mobile phone use causes adverse health effects. The establishment of a link between the use of mobile phone services and health problems, or any media reports suggesting such a link, could increase government regulation of, and reduce demand for, mobile phones and, accordingly, the demand for our products and services, and this could harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

Risks Related to Our Management, Employees and Potential Acquisitions

Our business and growth may suffer if we are unable to hire and retain key personnel, who are in high demand.

We depend on the continued contributions of our domestic and international senior management and other key personnel. We have had two people fill the position of Chief Executive Officer in the last 3 years, and we are currently trying to retain a Chief Financial Officer. The loss of the services of any of our executive officers or other key employees could harm our business. Because not all of our executive officers and key employees are under employment agreements or are under agreement with short terms, their future employment with the Company is uncertain. In addition our Chief Executive Officer’s employment agreement is out of term and our Chief Executive Officer continues to serve the Company for the same salary and benefits as existed under his most recent employment agreement.

Our future success also depends on our ability to identify, attract and retain highly skilled technical, managerial, finance, marketing and creative personnel. We face intense competition for qualified individuals from numerous technology, marketing and mobile entertainment companies. In addition, competition for qualified personnel is particularly intense in the Los Angeles area, where our headquarters are located. Further, we conduct international operations in Germany, Israel and Australia, areas that, similar to our headquarters region, have high costs of living and consequently high compensation standards and/or intense demand for qualified individuals which may require us to incur significant costs to attract them. We may be unable to attract and retain suitably qualified individuals who are capable of meeting our growing creative, operational and managerial requirements, or may be required to pay increased compensation in order to do so. If we are unable to attract and retain the qualified personnel we need to succeed, our business would suffer.

Volatility or lack of performance in our stock price may also affect our ability to attract and retain our key employees. Some of our senior management personnel and other key employees have become, or will soon become, vested in a substantial amount of stock or stock options. Employees may be more likely to leave us if the shares they own or the shares underlying their options have significantly appreciated in value relative to the original purchase prices of the shares or the exercise prices of the options, or if the exercise prices of the options that they hold are significantly above the market price of our common stock. If we are unable to retain our employees, our business, operating results and financial condition would be harmed.

Please refer to Item 9A of this Form 10k filing regarding the material weakness in controls due to lack of personnel.

Growth may place significant demands on our management and our infrastructure.

                  We operate in an emerging market and have experienced, and may continue to experience, growth in our business through internal growth and acquisitions. This growth has placed, and may continue to place, significant demands on our management and our operational and financial infrastructure. Continued growth could strain our ability to:

 

   

develop and improve our operational, financial and management controls;

 

   

enhance our reporting systems and procedures;

 

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recruit, train and retain highly skilled personnel;

 

   

maintain our quality standards; and

 

   

maintain branded content owner, wireless carrier and end-user satisfaction.

Managing our growth will require significant expenditures and allocation of valuable management resources. If we fail to achieve the necessary level of efficiency in our organization as it grows, our business, operating results and financial condition would be harmed.

The acquisition of other companies, businesses or technologies could result in operating difficulties, dilution and other harmful consequences.

We have made acquisitions and, although we have no present understandings, commitments or agreements to do so (except as otherwise disclosed within this document), we may pursue further acquisitions, any of which could be material to our business, operating results and financial condition. Future acquisitions could divert management’s time and focus from operating our business, even in instances where acquisition negotiations are unsuccessful. In addition, integrating an acquired company, business or technology is risky and may result in unforeseen operating difficulties and expenditures. We may also raise additional capital for the acquisition of, or investment in, companies, technologies, products or assets that complement our business. Future acquisitions or dispositions could result in potentially dilutive issuances of our equity securities, including our common stock, or the incurrence of debt, contingent liabilities, amortization expenses or acquired in-process research and development expenses, any of which could harm our financial condition and operating results. Future acquisitions may also require us to obtain additional financing, which may not be available on favorable terms or at all.

International acquisitions involve risks related to integration of operations across different cultures and languages, currency risks and the particular economic, political and regulatory risks associated with specific countries.

In addition, a significant portion of the purchase price of companies we acquire may be allocated to acquired goodwill and other intangible assets, which must be assessed for impairment at least annually. In the future, if our acquisitions do not yield expected returns, we may be required to take charges to our earnings based on this impairment assessment process, which could harm our operating results.

The acquisition of Logia Mobile and Mirror Image Access Pty Ltd. might not be successful, or accretive to long-term shareholder value.

While we believe that targeted acquisitions such as Logia Mobile and Mirror Image Access Pty Ltd. will facilitate accelerated distribution for the DT user experience, there is no assurance that this will be the case or that we will be able to generate significant growth in revenues from Logia’s or MIA’s mobile customers or from other potential acquisitions. In particular, a significant portion of Logia Mobile’s revenue comes from one large mobile operator customer while Mirror Image Access Pty. Ltd derives significant revenue from four (4) main large mobile operator customers and both Logia Mobile and Mirror Image Access Pty Ltd are reliant upon that small group of customers for a significant portion of their operating cash flow. In addition, there is no assurance that mobile operators will be successful and continue to want to compete with other mobile storefronts, and they may decide they simply want to provide network access to their customers. The solutions are complex with many different components and there is risk in the ability to integrate all of these various components into a single solution.

Changes to financial accounting standards could make it more expensive to issue stock options to employees, which would increase compensation costs and might cause us to change our business practices.

We prepare our financial statements to conform with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. These accounting principles are subject to interpretation by the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC” or the “Commission”) and various other bodies. A change in those principles could have a significant effect on our reported results and might affect our reporting of transactions completed before a change is announced. For example, we have used restricted stock and stock options grants as a fundamental component of our employee compensation packages. We believe that such grants directly motivate our employees to maximize long-term stockholder value and, through the use of vesting, encourage employees to remain in our employ. Several regulatory agencies and entities have made regulatory changes that could make it more difficult or expensive for us to grant stock options or restricted stock to employees. We may, as a result of these changes, incur increased compensation costs, change our equity compensation strategy or find it difficult to attract, retain and motivate employees, any of which could materially and adversely affect our business, operating results and financial condition.

As we pursue and complete strategic acquisitions, divestitures or joint ventures, including our acquisition of Logia and MIA, we may not be able to successfully integrate acquired businesses.

We recently completed the acquisition of Logia and MIA, and we continue to evaluate potential acquisitions, divestitures, or joint ventures with third parties. These transactions create risks such as:

 

   

disruption of our ongoing business, including loss of management focus on existing businesses;

 

   

problems retaining key personnel of the companies involved in the transactions;

 

   

operating losses and expenses of the businesses we acquire or in which we invest;

 

   

the potential impairment of tangible assets, intangible assets and goodwill acquired in the acquisitions;

 

   

the difficulty of incorporating an acquired business into our business and unanticipated expenses related to such integration;

 

   

potential operational deficiencies in the acquired business and personnel inexperienced in preparing and delivering disclosure information required for a U.S. public company; and

 

   

potential unknown liabilities associated with a business we acquire or in which we invest.

In the event of any future acquisitions, we might need to issue additional equity securities, spend our cash, incur debt, or take on contingent liabilities, any of which could reduce our profitability and harm our business.

Risks Related to the Economy in the United States and Globally

The effects of the recent recession in the United States and general downturn in the global economy, including financial market disruptions, could have an adverse impact on our business, operating results or financial condition.

Our operating results also may be affected by uncertain or changing economic conditions such as the challenges that are currently affecting economic conditions in the United States and the global economy. If global economic and market conditions, or economic conditions in the United States or other key markets, remain uncertain or persist, spread, or deteriorate further, we may experience material impacts on our business, operating results, and financial condition in a number of ways including negatively affecting our profitability and causing our stock price to decline.

The Company is expanding and developing internationally, and our increasing foreign operations and exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates may increase.

With the acquisition of Logia and MIA, we have expanded, and we expect that we will continue to expand, our international operations. International operations inherently subject us to a number of risks and uncertainties, including:

 

   

changes in international regulatory and compliance requirements that could restrict our ability to develop, market and sell our products;

 

   

social, political or economic instability or recessions;

 

   

diminished protection of intellectual property in some countries outside of the United States;

 

   

difficulty in hiring, staffing and managing qualified and proficient local employees and advisors to run international operations;

 

   

the difficulty of managing and operating an international enterprise, including difficulties in maintaining effective communications with employees and customers due to distance, language and cultural barriers;

 

   

differing labor regulations and business practices;

 

   

higher operating costs due to local laws or regulations;

 

   

fluctuations in foreign economies and currency exchange rates;

 

   

difficulty in enforcing agreements; and

 

   

potentially negative consequences from changes in or interpretations of tax laws, post-acquisition.

Any of these factors may, individually or as a group, have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

 

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We face added business, political, regulatory, operational, financial and economic risks as a result of our international operations and distribution, any of which could increase our costs and hinder our growth.

We expect international sales to continue to be an important component of our revenues. Risks affecting our international operations include:

 

   

challenges caused by distance, language and cultural differences;

 

   

multiple and conflicting laws and regulations, including complications due to unexpected changes in these laws and regulations;

 

   

the burdens of complying with a wide variety of foreign laws and regulations;

 

   

higher costs associated with doing business internationally;

 

   

difficulties in staffing and managing international operations;

 

   

greater fluctuations in sales to end users and through carriers in developing countries, including longer payment cycles and greater difficulty collecting accounts receivable;

 

   

protectionist laws and business practices that favor local businesses in some countries;

 

   

foreign tax consequences;

 

   

foreign exchange controls that might prevent us from repatriating income earned in countries outside the United States;

 

   

price controls;

 

   

the servicing of regions by many different carriers;

 

   

imposition of public sector controls;

 

   

political, economic and social instability, including relating to the current European sovereign debt crisis;

 

   

restrictions on the export or import of technology;

 

   

trade and tariff restrictions;

 

   

variations in tariffs, quotas, taxes and other market barriers; and

 

   

difficulties in enforcing intellectual property rights in countries other than the United States.

In addition, developing user interfaces that are compatible with other languages or cultures can be expensive. As a result, our ongoing international expansion efforts may be more costly than we expect. Further, expansion into developing countries subjects us to the effects of regional instability, civil unrest and hostilities, and could adversely affect us by disrupting communications and making travel more difficult. These risks could harm our international expansion efforts, which, in turn, could materially and adversely affect our business, operating results and financial condition.

The Company is expanding and developing internationally, and our increasing foreign operations and exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates may increase.

With the acquisition of Logia in September 2012, and MIA in April 2013, we have expanded, and we expect that we will continue to expand, our international operations. International operations inherently subject us to a number of risks and uncertainties, including:

 

   

changes in international regulatory and compliance requirements that could restrict our ability to develop, market and sell our products;

 

   

social, political or economic instability or recessions;

 

   

diminished protection of intellectual property in some countries outside of the United States;

 

   

difficulty in hiring, staffing and managing qualified and proficient local employees and advisors to run international operations;

 

   

the difficulty of managing and operating an international enterprise, including difficulties in maintaining effective communications with employees and customers due to distance, language and cultural barriers;

 

   

differing labor regulations and business practices;

 

   

higher operating costs due to local laws or regulations;

 

   

fluctuations in foreign economies and currency exchange rates;

 

   

difficulty in enforcing agreements; and

 

   

potentially negative consequences from changes in or interpretations of tax laws, post-acquisition.

Any of these factors may, individually or as a group, have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

Risks Related to Potential Liability, our Intellectual Property and our Content

If we do not adequately protect our intellectual property rights, it may be possible for third parties to obtain and improperly use our intellectual property and our competitive position may be adversely affected.

Our intellectual property is an essential element of our business. We rely on a combination of copyright, trademark, trade secret and other intellectual property laws and restrictions on disclosure to protect our intellectual property rights. To date, we have not obtained patent protection. Consequently, we may not be able to protect our technologies from independent invention by third parties.

We also seek to maintain certain intellectual property as trade secrets. The secrecy could be compromised by outside parties, or by our employees, which could cause us to lose the competitive advantage resulting from these trade secrets.

We also face risks associated with our trademarks. For example, there is a risk that our international trademark applications may be considered too generic or that the words “Digital” or “Turbine” could be separately or compositely trademarked by third parties with competitive products who may try and block our applications or sue us for trademark dilution which could have adverse effects on our financial status.

 

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Despite our efforts to protect our intellectual property rights, unauthorized parties may attempt to copy or otherwise to obtain and use our intellectual property. Monitoring unauthorized use of our intellectual property is difficult and costly, and we cannot be certain that the steps we have taken will prevent infringement, piracy, and other unauthorized uses of our intellectual property, particularly internationally where the laws may not protect our intellectual property rights as fully as in the United States. In the future, we may have to resort to litigation to enforce our intellectual property rights, which could result in substantial costs and diversion of our management and resources.

In addition, although we require third parties to sign agreements not to disclose or improperly use our intellectual property, it may still be possible for third parties to obtain and improperly use our intellectual properties without our consent. This could harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

Third parties may sue us for intellectual property infringement, which, if successful, may disrupt our business and could require us to pay significant damage awards.

Third parties may sue us for intellectual property infringement or initiate proceedings to invalidate our intellectual property, either of which, if successful, could disrupt the conduct of our business, cause us to pay significant damage awards or require us to pay licensing fees. In the event of a successful claim against us, we might be enjoined from using our licensed intellectual property, we might incur significant licensing fees and we might be forced to develop alternative technologies. Our failure or inability to develop non-infringing technology or software or to license the infringed or similar technology or software on a timely basis could force us to withdraw products and services from the market or prevent us from introducing new products and services. In addition, even if we are able to license the infringed or similar technology or software, license fees could be substantial and the terms of these licenses could be burdensome, which might adversely affect our operating results. We might also incur substantial expenses in defending against third-party infringement claims, regardless of their merit. Successful infringement or licensing claims against us might result in substantial monetary liabilities and might materially disrupt the conduct of our business.

Litigation may harm our business.

Substantial, complex or extended litigation could cause us to incur significant costs and distract our management. For example, lawsuits by employees, stockholders, collaborators, distributors, customers, competitors, end-users or others could be very costly and substantially disrupt our business. Disputes from time to time with such companies, organizations or individuals are not uncommon, and we cannot assure you that we will always be able to resolve such disputes or on terms favorable to us. Unexpected results could cause us to have financial exposure in these matters in excess of recorded reserves and insurance coverage, requiring us to provide additional reserves to address these liabilities, therefore impacting profits. Carriers or other customers have and may try to include us as defendants in suits brought against them by their own customers or third parties. In such cases, the risks and expenses would be similar to those where we are the party directly involved in the litigation.

Indemnity provisions in various agreements potentially expose us to substantial liability for intellectual property infringement, damages caused by malicious software and other losses.

In the ordinary course of our business, most of our agreements with carriers and other distributors include indemnification provisions. In these provisions, we agree to indemnify them for losses suffered or incurred in connection with our products and services, including as a result of intellectual property infringement and damages caused by viruses, worms and other malicious software. The term of these indemnity provisions is generally perpetual after execution of the corresponding license agreement, and the maximum potential amount of future payments we could be required to make under these indemnification provisions is generally unlimited. Large future indemnity payments could harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

We face risks associated with currency exchange rate fluctuations.

We currently transact a significant portion of our revenues in foreign currencies. Conducting business in currencies other than U.S. Dollars subjects us to fluctuations in currency exchange rates that could have a negative impact on our reported operating results. Fluctuations in the value of the U.S. Dollar relative to other currencies impact our revenues, cost of revenues and operating margins and result in foreign currency transaction gains and losses. To date, we have not engaged in exchange rate-hedging activities. Even if we were to implement hedging strategies to mitigate this risk, these strategies might not eliminate our exposure to foreign exchange rate fluctuations and would involve costs and risks of their own, such as ongoing management time and expertise, external costs to implement the strategies and potential accounting implications.

Our business in countries with a history of corruption and transactions with foreign governments, including with government owned or controlled wireless carriers, increase the risks associated with our international activities.

As we operate and sell internationally, we are subject to the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, or the FCPA, and other laws that prohibit improper payments or offers of payments to foreign governments and their officials and political parties by the United States and other business entities for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. We have operations, deal with carriers and make sales in countries known to experience corruption, particularly certain emerging countries in Eastern Europe and Latin America, and further international expansion may involve more of these countries. Our activities in these countries create the risk of unauthorized payments or offers of payments by one of our employees, consultants, sales agents or distributors that could be in violation of various laws including the FCPA, even though these parties are not always subject to our control. We have attempted to implement safeguards to discourage these practices by our employees, consultants,

 

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sales agents and distributors. However, our existing safeguards and any future improvements may prove to be less than effective, and our employees, consultants, sales agents or distributors may engage in conduct for which we might be held responsible. Violations of the FCPA may result in severe criminal or civil sanctions, and we may be subject to other liabilities, which could negatively affect our business, operating results and financial condition.

We may be liable for the content we make available through our products and services with mature themes.

Because some of our products and services contain content with mature themes, we may be subject to obscenity or other legal claims by third parties. Our business, financial condition and operating results could be harmed if we were found liable for this content. Implementing measures to reduce our exposure to this liability may require us to take steps that would substantially limit the attractiveness of our products and services and/or its availability in various geographic areas, which would negatively impact our ability to generate revenue. Furthermore, our insurance may not adequately protect us against all of these types of claims. Additionally, we could continue to be exposed to these claims and potential liability even if and after we decide to sell such assets.

Government regulation of our content with mature themes could restrict our ability to make some of our content available in certain  jurisdictions.

Our business is regulated by governmental authorities in the countries in which we operate. Because of our international operations, we must comply with diverse and evolving regulations. The governments of some countries have sought to limit the influence of other cultures by restricting the distribution of products deemed to represent foreign or “immoral” influences. Regulation aimed at limiting minors’ access to content with mature themes could also increase our cost of operations and introduce technological challenges, such as by requiring development and implementation of age verification systems. As a result, government regulation of our adult content could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

Government regulation of our marketing methods could restrict our ability to adequately advertise and promote our content and services available in certain jurisdictions.

The governments of some countries have sought to regulate the methods and manner in which certain of our products and services may be marketed to potential end-users. Regulation aimed at prohibiting, limiting or restricting various forms of advertising and promotion we use to market our products and services could also increase our cost of operations or preclude the ability to offer our products and services altogether. As a result, government regulation of our marketing efforts could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

Negative publicity, lawsuits or boycotts by opponents of content with mature themes could adversely affect our operating performance and discourage investors from investing in our publicly traded securities.

We could become a target of negative publicity, lawsuits or boycotts by one or more advocacy groups who oppose the distribution of adult-oriented entertainment. These groups have mounted negative publicity campaigns, filed lawsuits and encouraged boycotts against companies whose businesses involve adult-oriented entertainment. To the extent our content with mature themes is viewed as adult-oriented entertainment, the costs of defending against any such negative publicity, lawsuits or boycotts could be significant, could hurt our finances and could discourage investors from investing in our publicly traded securities. To date, we have not been a target of any of these advocacy groups. As a provider of content with mature themes, we cannot assure you that we may not become a target in the future.

 

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Risks Relating to Our Common Stock

The market price of our common stock is likely to be highly volatile and subject to wide fluctuations, and you may be unable to resell your shares at or above the current price.

The market price of our common stock is likely to be highly volatile and could be subject to wide fluctuations in response to a number of factors that are beyond our control, including announcements of new products or services by our competitors. In addition, the market price of our common stock could be subject to wide fluctuations in response to a variety of factors, including:

 

   

quarterly variations in our revenues and operating expenses;

 

   

developments in the financial markets, and the worldwide or regional economies;

 

   

announcements of innovations or new products or services by us or our competitors;

 

   

fluctuations in merchant credit card interest rates;

 

   

significant sales of our common stock or other securities in the open market; and

 

   

changes in accounting principles.

In the past, stockholders have often instituted securities class action litigation after periods of volatility in the market price of a company’s securities. If a stockholder were to file any such class action suit against us, we would incur substantial legal fees and our management’s attention and resources would be diverted from operating our business to respond to the litigation, which could harm our business.

The sale of securities by us in any equity or debt financing, or the issuance of new shares related to an acquisition, could result in dilution to our existing stockholders and have a material adverse effect on our earnings.

Any sale or issuance of common stock by us in a future offering or acquisition could result in dilution to the existing stockholders as a direct result of our issuance of additional shares of our capital stock. In addition, our business strategy may include expansion through internal growth by acquiring complimentary businesses, acquiring or licensing additional brands, or establishing strategic relationships with targeted customers and suppliers. In order to do so, or to finance the cost of our other activities, we may issue additional equity securities that could dilute our stockholders’ stock ownership. We may also assume additional debt and incur impairment losses related to goodwill and other tangible assets if we acquire another company, and this could negatively impact our earnings and results of operations.

We may need to raise additional capital to grow our business, and we may not be able to raise capital on terms acceptable to us or at all.

The operation of our business and our efforts to grow our business will further require significant cash outlays and commitments. If our cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments balances and any cash generated from operations are not sufficient to meet our cash requirements, we will need to seek additional capital, potentially through debt or equity financings, to fund our growth. We may not be able to raise needed cash on terms acceptable to us or at all. Financings, if available, may be on terms that are dilutive or potentially dilutive to our stockholders, and the prices at which new investors would be willing to purchase our securities may be lower than the fair market value of our common stock. The holders of new securities may also receive rights, preferences or privileges that are senior to those of existing holders of our common stock. If new sources of financing are required but are insufficient or unavailable, we would be required to modify our growth and operating plans to the extent of available funding, which would harm our ability to grow our business.

If securities or industry analysts do not publish research or reports about our business, or if they downgrade their recommendations regarding our common stock, our stock price and trading volume could decline.

The trading market for our common stock will be influenced by the research and reports that industry or securities analysts publish about our business or us. If any of the analysts who cover us downgrade our common stock, our common stock price would likely decline. If analysts cease coverage of our Company or fail to regularly publish reports on us, we could lose visibility in the financial markets, which in turn could cause our common stock price or trading volume to decline.

We do not anticipate paying dividends.

We have never paid cash or other dividends on our common stock. Payment of dividends on our common stock is within the discretion of our Board of Directors and will depend upon our earnings, our capital requirements and financial condition, and other factors

 

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deemed relevant by our Board of Directors. However, the earliest our Board of Directors would likely consider a dividend is if we begin to generate excess cash flow.

Our officers, directors and principal stockholders can exert significant influence over us and may make decisions that are not in the best interests of all stockholders.

Our officers, directors and principal stockholders (greater than 5% stockholders) collectively beneficially own approximately 60.6% of our outstanding common stock. As a result, this group will be able to affect the outcome of, or exert significant influence over, all matters requiring stockholder approval, including the election and removal of directors and any change in control. In particular, this concentration of ownership of our common stock could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change of control of us or otherwise discouraging or preventing a potential acquirer from attempting to obtain control of us. This, in turn, could have a negative effect on the market price of our common stock. It could also prevent our stockholders from realizing a premium over the market prices for their shares of common stock. Moreover, the interests of this concentration of ownership may not always coincide with our interests or the interests of other stockholders, and, accordingly, this group could cause us to enter into transactions or agreements that we would not otherwise consider.

If we fail to maintain an effective system of internal controls, we might not be able to report our financial results accurately or  prevent fraud; in that case, our stockholders could lose confidence in our financial reporting, which could negatively impact the  price of our stock.

Effective internal controls are necessary for us to provide reliable financial reports and prevent fraud. In addition, Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, or the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, requires us to evaluate and report on our internal control over financial reporting. We are in the process of strengthening and testing our system of internal controls. The process of implementing our internal controls and complying with Section 404 is expensive and time consuming and requires significant attention of management. We cannot be certain that these measures will ensure that we implement and maintain adequate controls over our financial processes and reporting in the future. Even if we conclude that our internal control over financial reporting provides reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect fraud or misstatements. Failure to implement required new or improved controls, or difficulties encountered in their implementation, could harm our operating results or cause us to fail to meet our reporting obligations. If we discover a material weakness or a significant deficiency in our internal control, the disclosure of that fact, even if quickly remedied, could reduce the market’s confidence in our financial statements and harm our stock price. In addition, if we fail to comply with the applicable portions of Section 404, we could be subject to a variety of administrative sanctions, including ineligibility for short form resale registration, action by the SEC, and the inability of registered broker-dealers to make a market in our common stock, which could further reduce our stock price and harm our business.

Maintaining and improving our financial controls and the requirements of being a public company may strain our resources, divert management’s attention and affect our ability to attract and retain qualified members for our Board of Directors.

As a public company, we are subject to the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. The requirements of these rules and regulations has resulted in an increase in our legal, accounting and financial compliance costs, may make some activities more difficult, time-consuming and costly and may place undue strain on our personnel, systems and resources.

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires, among other things, that we maintain effective disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting. This can be difficult to do. For example, we depend on the reports of wireless carriers for information regarding the amount of sales of our products and services and to determine the amount of royalties we owe branded content licensors and the amount of our revenues. These reports may not be timely, and in the past they have contained, and in the future they may contain, errors.

In order to maintain and improve the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting, we expend significant resources and provide significant management oversight. We have a substantial effort ahead of us to implement appropriate processes, document our system of internal control over relevant processes, assess their design, remediate any deficiencies identified and test their operation. As a result, management’s attention may be diverted from other business concerns, which could harm our business, operating results and financial condition. These efforts will also involve substantial accounting-related costs.

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act makes it more difficult and more expensive for us to maintain directors’ and officers’ liability insurance, and we may be required in the future to accept reduced coverage or incur substantially higher costs to maintain coverage. If we are unable to maintain adequate directors’ and officers’ insurance, our ability to recruit and retain qualified directors, and officers will be significantly curtailed.

The ownership interest of our current stockholders will be substantially diluted if our outstanding securities convertible and/or exercisable into shares of our common stock are converted and/or exercised.

As of June 28, 2013, we had an aggregate of approximately $4,133,080 of Convertible Notes convertible into 4,220,776 shares of our common stock, and warrants to purchase 4,084,025 shares of our common stock. To the extent our outstanding securities convertible and/or exercisable into shares of our common stock are converted and/or exercised, additional shares of our common stock will be issued, which will result in dilution to our stockholders and increase the number of shares of common stock eligible for resale into the public market. Sales of such shares of common stock could adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

 

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Shares eligible for future sale

As of June 14, 2013, 14,699,345 of our total outstanding shares are restricted from immediate resale but may be sold into the market in the near future. This could cause the market price of our common stock to drop significantly. Shares of restricted common stock are generally available for resale following a six month holding period. As restrictions on resale end, the market price could drop significantly if the holders of these restricted shares sell them or are perceived by the market as intending to sell them.

 

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ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

The principal offices of Mandalay, Digital Turbine and Twistbox are located at 2811 Cahuenga Boulevard West, Los Angeles 90068. Mandalay entered into a lease for these premises with 2801-2811 Cahuenga Boulevard West LLC at a base rent of $7,955 per month. Digital Turbine leases property in Israel through its wholly owned subsidiary, Logia. Twistbox leases property in Germany, where it has branch operations.

 

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ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

Mandalay Digital’s wholly owned subsidiary, Twistbox Entertainment, Inc. (“Twistbox”) and Sirocco Mobile Ltd (“Sirocco”) are parties to a wireless game development agreement dated February 27, 2009, whereby Sirocco were engaged to complete certain services and deliver products to Twistbox for mobile distribution. On or about September 6, 2012, Sirocco filed a complaint in California Superior Court, County of Los Angeles seeking relief for breach of written contract. On or about November 6, 2012, Sirocco proposed a reduction of its claim, which expired on November 12, 2012. Principals of both parties continue to communicate to find a mutually acceptable resolution.

Twistbox’s wholly owned subsidiary, Waat Media Corp (“Waat”) and GS Wise Limited (“GS Wise”) were parties to an advertising and content licensing agreement dated July 1, 2011, whereby Waat purchased advertising impressions and licensed content for mobile distribution. On or about September 10, 2012, GS Wise Limited and Bridco Trading Limited (“Bridco”) filed a complaint in California Superior Court, County of Los Angeles seeking relief for breach of written contract. However on January 23, 2013, the parties were able to agree to a settlement in the amount of 48,114 shares of the Company’s common stock, which was issued on January 28, 2013.

On May 30, 2013, a class action suit in the amount of NIS 19.2 million or $5.3 million was filed in the Tel-Aviv Jaffa District Court against Coral Tell Ltd. an Israeli company which owns and operates a website offering advertisements and who is currently being sued in a class action lawsuit regarding phone call overages served a third party notice against Logia and two additional companies for our alleged involvement in facilitating the overages. We have no contractual relationship with this company. We believe the lawsuit is without merits and a finding of liability on our part remote. After conferring with advisors and counsel, management believes that the ultimate liability, if any, in the aggregate will not be material to the financial position or results or operations of the Company for any future period; and no liability has been accrued.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURE

Not applicable.

 

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PART II

 

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

Market Information

As of June 28, 2013, the closing price of our common stock was $4.45.

On May 16, 2012, we received FINRA’s decision to remove the Company’s common stock from the OTC Bulletin Board. As a result, our common stock was quoted on the OTC tier of the OTC Markets under the symbol “MNDL.”

On March 28, 2013 and April 9, 2013, the Company filed a Certificate of Amendment and Certificate of Correction of Certificate of Amendment of its Certificate of Incorporation (the “Certificate of Incorporation”), with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware, to effect a 1-for-5 reverse stock split of our common stock (the “Reverse Stock Split”). The Certificate of Amendment, as corrected, became effective as of April 12, 2013.

As a result of the Reverse Stock Split, every five (5) shares of our pre-Reverse Stock Split common stock were combined and reclassified into one (1) share of our common stock. Our post-Reverse Stock Split common stock began trading on April 15, 2013 with a new CUSIP number of 562562-207. The Reverse Stock Split did not change the authorized number of shares or the par value of our common stock.

No fractional shares were issued in connection with the Reverse Stock Split. Stockholders who otherwise would have been entitled to receive a fractional share in connection with the Reverse Stock Split will receive a cash payment in lieu thereof.

On June 6, 2013 we received approval by NASDAQ’s Listing Qualifications Department to list our common stock on the NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “MNDL.”

The following table reflects the high and low bids for our common stock for periods indicated (adjusted to reflect the bids on a post-split basis). The quotations reflect high and low bid price on a daily basis and reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, mark-down or commission and may not represent actual transactions.

 

     High      Low  

Fiscal Year Ended March 31, 2013

     

First quarter

   $ 5.05       $ 3.60   

Second quarter

   $ 4.25       $ 3.65   

Third quarter

   $ 4.10       $ 3.40   

Fourth quarter

   $ 4.75       $ 3.35   

Fiscal Year Ended March 31, 2012

     

First quarter

   $ 3.20       $ 1.50   

Second quarter

   $ 4.25       $ 2.20   

Third quarter

   $ 3.50       $ 2.10   

Fourth quarter

   $ 4.95       $ 2.85   

Holders

As of June 14, 2013, there were 485 holders of record of our common stock. There were also an undetermined number of holders who hold their stock in nominee or “street” name.

Dividends

We have not declared cash dividends on our common stock since our inception and we do not anticipate paying any cash dividends in the foreseeable future.

Adoption of Amended and Restated 2011 Equity Incentive Plan of Mandalay Digital Group, Inc.

On May 26, 2011, our board of directors adopted the 2011 Equity Incentive Plan of NeuMedia, Inc. and on April 27, 2012, our board of directors amended and restated the plan and the related plan documents to change references to the name of our company from the “NeuMedia, Inc.” to “Mandalay Digital Group, Inc.” and further directed that they be submitted to stockholders for their consideration and approval. On May 23, 2012, our stockholders approved and adopted by written consent the Amended and Restated 2011 Equity Incentive Plan of Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. (the “Plan”) and the Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. Amended and Restated 2011 Equity Incentive Plan Notice of Grant and Restricted Stock Agreement and the Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. Amended and Restated 2011 Equity Incentive Plan Notice of Grant and Stock Option Agreement (collectively, the “Related Documents”). A summary of the Plan is set forth below. This summary is subject to and qualified in its entirety by the Plan and related documents.

 

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Implementation and Effect of the Plan

Summary Description of the Plan

On September 10, 2012, the Company increased the Plan shares for issuance from 4,000,000 to 20,000,000.

The Plan provides for grants of stock options, stock appreciation rights (“SARs”), restricted stock and restricted stock units (sometimes referred to individually or collectively as “Awards”) to our and our subsidiaries’ officers, employees, non-employee directors and consultants. Stock options may be either “incentive stock options” (“ISOs”), as defined in Section 422 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), or non-qualified stock options (“NQSOs”). The Plan reserves 20,000,000 shares for issuance, of which 17,916,667 remain available for issuance as of March 31, 2013. The 20,000,000 shares reserved for issuance will serve as the underlying value for all equity awards under the Plan.

Plan Administration; Amendment and Termination

Our board of directors and/or one or more of its committees (“Administrator”) administer the Plan in accordance with applicable law. The Board may amend, suspend or terminate any portion of the Plan for any reason, but must obtain stockholder consent for any material plan amendment to the extent necessary to comply with applicable laws, rules or regulations, and the consent of affected plan participants, if any such action alters or impairs any obligations regarding Awards that have been granted to such participants. The Plan terminates in 2021. However, such termination will not affect Awards granted under the Plan prior to termination.

 

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Reversion of Shares to the Plan

When Awards made under the Plan expire or are forfeited, the underlying shares will become available for future Awards under the Plan. In addition, any shares that are not issued upon the exercise of an Award shall also become available for future Awards under the Plan. Shares awarded and delivered under the Plan may be authorized but unissued, or reacquired shares.

Eligibility for Awards

The employees, officers, non-employee directors and consultants of the Company and its subsidiaries and “affiliates” (as defined in the Plan) may be granted Awards under the Plan. The Administrator determines which individuals will receive Awards, as well as the number and composition of each Award. Awards under the Plan may consist of a single type or any combination of the types of Awards permissible under the Plan as determined by the Administrator (or by the full board in the case of Awards to non-employee directors). These decisions may be based on various factors, including a participant’s duties and responsibilities, the value of the participant’s past services, his/her potential contributions to our success, and other factors.

Exercise Price Limitations

The Administrator will determine the exercise price for the shares underlying each Award on the date the Award is granted. The exercise price for shares under an ISO may not be less than 100% of fair market value on the date the Award is granted. Similarly, under the terms of the Plan, the exercise price for SARs and NQSOs may not be less than 100% of fair market value on the date of grant. There is no minimum exercise price prescribed for restricted stock and restricted stock units awarded under the Plan.

Individual Grant Limits

No participant may be granted in aggregate, in any calendar year, Awards covering more than 500,000 shares. Such limitation is subject to proportional adjustment in connection with any change in our capitalization as described in the Plan.

Award Exercise; Payment of Exercise Price

The Administrator will determine when Awards become exercisable. However, no Award may have a term longer than 10 years from the date of grant unless otherwise approved by our stockholders, and no Award may be exercised after expiration of its term. Payment for any shares issued upon exercise of an Award shall be specified in each participant’s award agreement, and may be made by cash, check or other means specified in the Plan.

Tax Withholding

We will have the right to deduct or withhold or require a participant to remit to us an amount sufficient to satisfy federal, state, local and any applicable foreign taxes (including FICA obligations, if applicable) required to be withheld with respect to the grant, exercise or vesting of any Award.

Effect of Termination, Death, or Disability

If a participant’s employment or consulting arrangement terminates for any reason, vesting will stop as of the effective termination date, and all unvested awards as of such date shall immediately terminate. Participants generally have three months from their termination date to exercise vested unexercised options and SARs before they expire. Longer post-termination exercise periods apply in the event the termination of employment or cessation of service results from death or disability. If a participant is dismissed for cause, the right to exercise shall generally terminate five business days following written notice from us.

 

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Non-Transferability of Awards

Unless otherwise determined by the Administrator, Awards granted under the Plan are not transferable other than by will or the laws of descent and distribution, and may be exercised by the participant only during the participant’s lifetime.

Stock Appreciation Rights

Under the Plan, SARs may be settled in shares or cash and must be granted with an exercise price of not less than 100% of fair market value on the date of grant. Upon exercise of a SAR, a participant is entitled to receive cash or a number of shares equivalent in value to the difference between the fair market value on the exercise date and the exercise price of the SAR. For example, assume a participant is granted 100 SARs with an exercise price of $10 and assume the SARs are later exercised when the fair market value of the underlying shares is $20 per share. At exercise, the Participant is entitled to receive 50 shares [(($20-$10) x 100) / $20], or $1,000 in cash (50 x $20).

Restricted Stock

The Plan also permits us to grant restricted stock. The Administrator has discretion to establish periods of restriction during which shares awarded remain subject to forfeiture or our right to repurchase if the participant’s employment terminates for any reason (including death or disability). Restrictions may be based on the passage of time, the achievement of specific performance objectives, or other measures as determined by the Administrator in its discretion. During periods of restriction, a participant has the right to vote his/her restricted stock and to receive distributions and dividends, if any, but may not sell or transfer any such shares.

Restricted Stock Units

The Plan also permits us to grant restricted stock units that are payable in our shares or in cash. Each restricted stock unit is equivalent in value to one share of our common stock. Depending on the number of restricted stock units that become vested at the end of the performance period, the equivalent number of shares are payable to the participant, or the equivalent value in cash. The restricted stock units may be vested upon the attainment of performance goals of based on continued service.

Changes in Capitalization; Change of Control

The Plan provides for exercise price and quantity adjustments if we declare a stock dividend or stock split. Also, vesting or restriction periods may be accelerated if we merge with another entity that does not either assume the outstanding Awards or substitute equivalent Awards.

U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences

Option Grants

Options granted under the Plan may be either ISOs, which are intended to satisfy the requirements of section 422 of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC), or NQSOs, which are not intended to meet those requirements. The Federal income tax treatment for NQSOs and ISOs are summarized below.

Non-Qualified Stock Options

No taxable income is recognized by a participant upon the grant of an NQSO. Generally, the participant will recognize ordinary income in the year in which the option is exercised. The amount of ordinary income will equal the difference between the fair market value of the purchased shares on the exercise date compared to the exercise price paid to acquire such shares. We and the participant are required to satisfy the tax withholding requirements applicable to that income, unless the participant is a non-employee Director or consultant, in which case tax withholding is not required. We will be entitled to an income tax deduction equal to the amount of ordinary income recognized by the participant with respect to exercised NQSOs.

 

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Incentive Stock Options

No taxable income is recognized by a participant upon the grant of an ISO. Generally, the participant will not recognize ordinary income in the year in which the option is exercised, although the participant’s gain from exercise may be subject to alternative minimum tax. If the participant sells the underlying shares acquired from the option within two years after the option grant date or within one year of the option exercise date, gain on that premature, “disqualifying” disposition will be treated as compensatory ordinary income to the extent of the lesser of: (1) the fair market value of the shares on the date of exercise minus the exercise price paid to acquire such shares, or (2) the amount realized on the disposition minus the exercise price. We will be entitled to an income tax deduction that equals the amount of the participant’s compensatory ordinary income. If the participant does not make a disqualifying disposition, then we will not be entitled to a tax deduction. If the participant sells the underlying shares in a “qualifying” disposition (i.e., two years after the option is granted and one year after the exercise date), the disposition will be treated as either long-term capital gain or loss based on the difference between the sales proceeds and the exercise price paid to acquire the shares.

Stock Appreciation Rights

No taxable income is recognized by a participant upon the grant of a SAR. The participant will recognize ordinary income in the year in which the SAR is exercised. The amount of ordinary income will be the fair market value of the shares received or the cash payment. We and the participant are required to satisfy the applicable tax withholding requirements, unless the participant is a non-employee Director, where in such case tax withholding is not required. We will be entitled to an income tax deduction equal to the amount of ordinary income recognized by the participant with respect to exercised SARs.

Restricted Stock

The tax principles applicable to the issuance of restricted shares under the Plan will be substantially the same as those summarized above for the exercise of non-qualified stock options in that they are both governed by Section 83 of the IRC Code. Generally, when the restriction lapses, the participant will have ordinary income equal to the difference between the fair market value of the shares on the vesting date and any amount paid for the shares, if any. Alternatively, at the time of the grant, the participant may elect under Section 83(b) of the Code to include as ordinary income in the year of the grant, an amount equal to the difference between the fair market value of the granted shares on the grant date and any amount paid for the shares. If the IRC Section 83(b) election is made, the participant will not recognize any additional compensation income when the restriction lapses, but may have capital gain income or loss upon sale of the shares. We will be entitled to an income tax deduction equal to the ordinary income recognized by the participant in the year in which the participant recognizes such income.

Restricted Stock Units

Generally, a plan participant who is granted restricted stock units will recognize ordinary income in the year payment occurs. The income recognized will generally be equal to the fair market value of the shares received or to the cash payment. We will generally be entitled to an income tax deduction equal to the income recognized by the participant on the payment date for the taxable year in which the ordinary income is recognized by the participant.

 

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Deductibility of Executive Compensation

We intend that any compensation deemed paid by us in connection with the exercise of ISOs, NQSOs and SARs granted with exercise prices equal to the fair market value of the shares on grant date will qualify as performance-based compensation not subject to Code Section 162(m) $1,000,000 limitation per covered individual on the deductibility of compensation paid to certain of our executive officers. A number of requirements must be met in order for particular compensation to so qualify, so there can be no assurance that such compensation under the Plan will be fully deductible in all circumstances.

Equity Compensation Plan Information

The following table sets forth information concerning our 2007 Employee, Director and Consultant Stock Plan, our Amended and Restated 2011 Equity Incentive Plan, and individual compensation arrangements with employees or consultants of the Company as of March 31, 2013.

 

Plan Category   

Number of securities to
be issued upon exercise
of outstanding options,
warrants  and rights

(a)

     Weighted-average
exercise price of
outstanding options,
warrants and rights
(b)
    

Number of securities
remaining available for
future issuance under
equity compensation  plans
(excluding securities
reflected in column (a))

(c)

 

Equity compensation plan approved by security holders

     959,670       $ 9.00         —     

Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders

     —        $ —          —     

Total

     959,670            —     

299,670 options of the approved plan in column (a) include awards transferred from Twistbox’s equity compensation plan at the time of the merger with the Company.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities

The following is a summary of transactions by us during the three months ended March 31, 2013, involving sales of our securities that were not registered under the Securities Act. Each sale was exempt from registration under either Section 4(2) of the Securities Act or Section 3(a)(9) of the Securities Act because (i) the securities were offered and sold only to accredited investors; (ii) there was no general solicitation or general advertising related to the offerings; (iii) each investor was given the opportunity to ask questions and receive answers concerning the terms of and conditions of the offering and to obtain additional information; (iv) the investors represented that they were acquiring the securities for their own account and for investment; and (v) the securities were issued with restrictive legends where required.

 

   

In January 2013, the Company issued 59,542 shares of common stock of the Company to three vendors. The shares were issued as settlement for services. The overall value was determined to be $216, of which $216 was recorded through the period ended March 31, 2013.

 

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In January 2013, the Company sold 157,143 shares of common stock of the Company to an investor for $3.50 per share. In connection with this sale of common stock, the Company issued warrants to purchase 39,286 shares of common stock of the Company at an exercise price of $3.50 per share with a term of 5 years. The fair value of the warrants on the date of issuance was determined to be $134.

 

   

In March 2013, the Company issued 10,000 shares of common stock of the Company to a vendor. The shares were issued as settlement for services. The overall value was determined to be $47, of which $47 was recorded through the period ended March 31, 2013.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

There were no purchases of equity securities by us during the period ended March 31, 2013.

 

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ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with, and is qualified in its entirety by, the Financial Statements and the Notes thereto included in this report. This discussion contains certain forward-looking statements that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. When used in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “would,” “could,” “may,” and similar expressions, as they relate to our management or us, are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. Our actual results, performance or achievements could differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, these forward-looking statements as a result of a variety of factors including those set forth under “Risk Factors” set forth under Item IA and elsewhere in this filing. Historical operating results are not necessarily indicative of the trends in operating results for any future period.

Unless the context otherwise indicates, the use of the terms “we,” “our” “us” or the “Company” refer to the business and operations of Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. (“Mandalay Digital”) and its operating and wholly-owned subsidiaries, Twistbox Entertainment, Inc. (“Twistbox”) and Digital Turbine, Inc and its operating and wholly-owned subsidiary, MDG Logia Holdings LLC (“MDG”).

Historical Operations of Mandalay Digital Group, Inc.

Mandalay Digital was originally incorporated in the State of Delaware on November 6, 1998 under the name eB2B Commerce, Inc. On April 27, 2000, the Company merged into DynamicWeb Enterprises, Inc., a New Jersey corporation. DynamicWeb Enterprises, Inc was the resulting entity, but it changed its name to eB2B Commerce, Inc. On April 13, 2005, the Company changed its name to Mediavest, Inc. On November 7, 2007, through a merger, the Company reincorporated in the State of Delaware under the name Mandalay Media, Inc. On May 12, 2010, the Company changed its name to NeuMedia, Inc.

On February 6, 2012, the Company merged with a wholly-owned, newly-formed subsidiary, changing its name to Mandalay Digital Group, Inc.

On October 27, 2004, and as amended on December 17, 2004, the Company filed a plan for reorganization under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York (the “Plan of Reorganization”). Under the Plan of Reorganization, as completed on January 26, 2005: (1) the Company’s net operating assets and liabilities were transferred to the holders of the secured notes in satisfaction of the principal and accrued interest thereon; (2) $400,000 was transferred to a liquidation trust and used to pay administrative costs and certain preferred creditors; (3) $100,000 was retained by the Company to fund the expenses of remaining public; (4) 3.5% of the new common stock of the Company (140,000 shares) was issued to the holders of record of Mandalay Digital’s preferred stock in settlement of their liquidation preferences; (5) 3.5% of the new common stock of the Company (140,000 shares) was issued to common stockholders of record as of January 26, 2005 in exchange for all of the outstanding shares of the common stock of the company; and (6) 93% of the new common stock of the Company (3,720,000 shares) was issued to the sponsor of the Plan of Reorganization in exchange for $500,000 in cash. Through January 26, 2005, the Company and its subsidiaries were engaged in providing business-to-business transaction management services designed to simplify trading between buyers and suppliers.

 

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Prior to February 12, 2008, the Company was a public shell company with no operations, and controlled by its significant stockholder, Trinad Capital Master Fund, L.P.

SUMMARY OF THE TWISTBOX MERGER

The Company entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger on December 31, 2007, as subsequently amended by the Amendment to Agreement and Plan of Merger dated February 12, 2008 (the “Merger Agreement”), with Twistbox Acquisition, Inc., a Delaware corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (“Merger Sub”), Twistbox Entertainment, Inc. (“Twistbox”), and Adi McAbian and Spark Capital, L.P., as representatives of the stockholders of Twistbox, pursuant to which Merger Sub would merge with and into Twistbox, with Twistbox as the surviving corporation (the “Merger”). The Merger was completed on February 12, 2008.

Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, upon the completion of the Merger, each outstanding share of Twistbox common stock, $0.001 par value per share, on a fully-converted basis, with the conversion on a one-for-one basis of all issued and outstanding shares of the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock of Twistbox and the Series B Convertible Preferred Stock of Twistbox, $0.01 par value per share (the “Twistbox Preferred Stock”), converted automatically into and became exchangeable for Company common stock in accordance with certain exchange ratios set forth in the Merger Agreement. In addition, by virtue of the Merger, each outstanding Twistbox option to purchase Twistbox common stock issued pursuant to the Twistbox 2006 Stock Incentive Plan (the “Plan”) was assumed by the Company, subject to the same terms and conditions as were applicable under such Plan immediately prior to the Merger, except that (a) the number of shares of Company common stock issuable upon exercise of each Twistbox option was determined by multiplying the number of shares of Twistbox common stock that were subject to such Twistbox option immediately prior to the Merger by 0.72967 (the “Option Conversion Ratio”), rounded down to the nearest whole number; and (b) the per share exercise price for the shares of Mandalay Digital common stock issuable upon exercise of each Twistbox option was determined by dividing the per share exercise price of Twistbox common stock subject to such Twistbox option, as in effect prior to the Merger, by the Option Conversion Ratio, subject to any adjustments required by the Internal Revenue Code. As part of the Merger, the Company also assumed all unvested Twistbox options. The Merger consideration consisted of an aggregate of up to 2,465,000 shares of Company common stock, which included the conversion of all shares of Twistbox capital stock and the reservation of 428,940 shares of Company common stock required for assumption of the vested Twistbox options. The Company reserved an additional 63,754 shares of Company common stock required for the assumption of the unvested Twistbox options. All warrants to purchase shares of Twistbox common stock outstanding at the time of the Merger were terminated on or before the effective time of the Merger.

Upon the completion of the Merger, all shares of the Twistbox capital stock were no longer outstanding and were automatically canceled and ceased to exist, and each holder of a certificate representing any such shares ceased to have any rights with respect thereto, except the right to receive the applicable merger consideration. Additionally, each share of the Twistbox capital stock held by Twistbox or owned by Merger Sub, the Company or any subsidiary of Twistbox or the Company immediately prior to the Merger, was canceled and extinguished as of the completion of the Merger without any conversion or payment in respect thereof. Each share of common stock, $0.001 par value per share, of Merger Sub issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Merger was converted upon completion of the Merger into one validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable share of common stock, $0.001 par value per share, of the surviving corporation.

 

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As part of the Merger, the Company agreed to guarantee up to $8,250,000 of Twistbox’s outstanding debt to ValueAct SmallCap Master Fund L.P. (“ValueAct” or “VAC”), with certain amendments. On July 30, 2007, Twistbox had entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement by and among Twistbox, the Subsidiary Guarantors (as defined therein) and ValueAct, pursuant to which ValueAct purchased a note in the amount of $16,500,000 (the “ValueAct Note” or the “VAC Note”) and a warrant which entitled ValueAct to purchase from Twistbox up to a total of 480,349 shares of Twistbox’s common stock (the “Warrant”). Twistbox and ValueAct also entered into a Guarantee and Security Agreement by and among Twistbox, each of the subsidiaries of Twistbox, the Investors, as defined therein, and ValueAct, as collateral agent, pursuant to which the parties agreed that the ValueAct Note would be secured by substantially all of the assets of Twistbox and its subsidiaries (the “VAC Note Security Agreement”). In connection with the Merger, the Warrant was terminated and we issued two warrants in place thereof to ValueAct to purchase shares of our common stock. One of such warrants entitled ValueAct to purchase up to a total of 218,524 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $37.75 per share. The other warrant entitled ValueAct to purchase up to a total of 218,524 shares of our common stock at an initial exercise price of $25.00 per share, which, if not exercised in full by February 12, 2009, would have been permanently increased to an exercise price of $37.75 per share. Both warrants were scheduled to expire on July 30, 2011. The warrants were subsequently modified on October 23, 2008 and cancelled on June 21, 2010, as set forth below. We also entered into a Guaranty (the “ValueAct Note Guaranty”) with ValueAct whereby the Company agreed to guarantee Twistbox’s payment to ValueAct of up to $8,250,000 of principal under the ValueAct Note in accordance with the terms, conditions and limitations contained in the ValueAct Note, which was subsequently amended as set forth below. The financial covenants of the ValueAct Note were also amended, pursuant to which Twistbox was required to maintain a cash balance of not less than $2,500,000 at all times and the Company is required to maintain a cash balance of not less than $4,000,000 at all times. The ValueAct Note was subsequently amended and restated as set forth below.

SUMMARY OF THE AMV ACQUISITION

On October 23, 2008, the Company consummated the acquisition of 100% of the issued and outstanding share capital of AMV Holding Limited, a United Kingdom private limited company (“AMV”) and 80% of the issued and outstanding share capital of Fierce Media Limited, United Kingdom private limited company (collectively the “Shares”). The acquisition of AMV is referred to herein as the “AMV Acquisition”. The aggregate purchase price (subject to adjustments as provided in the stock purchase agreement) for the Shares consisted of (i) $5,375,000 in cash; (ii) 900,000 shares of Company common stock, par value $0.0001 per share; (iii) a secured promissory note in the aggregate principal amount of $5,375,000 (the “AMV Note”); and (iv) additional earn-out amounts, if any, based on certain targeted earnings as set forth in the stock purchase agreement. The AMV Note was scheduled to mature on July 31, 2010, and bore interest at an initial rate of 5% per annum, subject to adjustment as provided therein.

In addition, also on October 23, 2008, in connection with the AMV Acquisition, the Company, Twistbox and ValueAct entered into a Second Amendment to the ValueAct Note, which among other things, provided for a payment-in-kind election at the option of Twistbox, modified the financial covenants set forth in the ValueAct Note to require that the Company and Twistbox maintain certain minimum combined cash balances and provided for certain covenants with respect to the indebtedness of the Company and its subsidiaries. Also on October 23, 2008, AMV granted to ValueAct a security interest in its assets to secure the obligations under the ValueAct Note. In addition, the Company and ValueAct entered into an allonge to each of those certain warrants issued to ValueAct in connection with the Merger, which, among other things, amended the exercise price of each of the warrants to $20.00 per share.

In addition, also on October 23, 2008, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with certain investors identified therein (the “Investors”), pursuant to which the Company agreed to sell to the Investors in a private offering an aggregate of 337,079 shares of common stock and warrants to purchase 168,539 shares of common stock for gross proceeds to the Company of $4,500,000. The warrants have a five year term and an exercise price of $13.35 per share. The funds were held in an escrow account pursuant to an Escrow Agreement, dated October 23, 2008 and were released to the Company on or about November 8, 2008.

 

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On August 14, 2009, the Company and ValueAct entered into a Second Allonge to Warrant to Purchase 218,524 shares of the Company’s common stock (the “Second Allonge”), which amended that certain warrant to purchase 218,524 shares of the Company’s common stock, issued to ValueAct on February 12, 2008, as amended (the “ValueAct Warrant”). Pursuant to the Second Allonge, the exercise price of the ValueAct Warrant decreased from $20.00 per share to the lesser of $6.25 per share, or the exercise price per share for any warrant to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock issued by the Company to certain other parties. In addition, also on August 14, 2009, the Company, Twistbox and ValueAct entered into a Third Amendment to the ValueAct Note. Pursuant to the Third Amendment, the maturity date was changed to July 31, 2010 and the interest rate of the ValueAct Note increased from 10% to 12.5%.

On January 25, 2010, Mandalay Digital, Twistbox and ValueAct entered into a Waiver to Senior Secured Note (the “Waiver”), pursuant to which ValueAct agreed to waive certain provisions of the ValueAct Note. Pursuant to the Waiver, subject to Twistbox’s compliance with certain conditions set forth in the Waiver, certain rights to prepay the ValueAct Note were extended from January 31, 2010 to March 1, 2010. In addition, subject to Twistbox’s compliance with certain conditions set forth in the Waiver, the timing obligation of the Company and Twistbox to comply with the cash covenant set forth in the ValueAct Note was extended to March 1, 2010 and the minimum cash balance by which Twistbox and Mandalay Digital must maintain was increased to $1,600,000.

On February 25, 2010, Twistbox received a letter (the “Letter”) from ValueAct alleging certain events of default with respect to the ValueAct Note. The Letter claimed that an event of default had occurred and was continuing under the ValueAct Note as result of certain alleged defaults, including the failure to provide weekly evidence of compliance with certain of Twistbox’s and the Company’s covenants under the ValueAct Note, the failure to comply with limitations on certain payments by the Company and each of its subsidiaries, and the failure of Twistbox and the Company to maintain minimum cash balances in deposit accounts of each of Twistbox and the Company. The Letter also claimed that the Waiver had ceased to be effective as a result of the alleged failure of Mandalay Digital to comply with the conditions set forth in the Waiver. On May 10, 2010, Twistbox received from ValueAct a Notice of Event of Default and Acceleration (“Notice”) in which ValueAct stated that an event of default had occurred under the ValueAct Note as a result of Twistbox’s and Mandalay Digital’s failure to comply with the cash balance covenant under the ValueAct Note and, therefore, ValueAct accelerated all outstanding amounts payable by Twistbox under the ValueAct Note. In connection with the Notice, ValueAct instituted an administration proceeding in the United Kingdom against AMV.

On June 21, 2010, we sold all of the operating subsidiaries of AMV to an entity controlled by ValueAct and certain of AMV’s founders in exchange for the release of $23,000,000 of secured indebtedness, comprising of a release of all amounts due and payable under the AMV Note and all amounts due and payable under the VAC Note except for $3,500,000 in principal (the “Restructure”). In connection with the Restructure, the ValueAct Note (as amended and restated, the “Amended ValueAct Note”), was amended in its entirety to provide for payment-in-kind election to the note through the revised term, and to strip out $3,000,000 of principal to create the Taja Convertible Note, leaving a principal balance of $500,000 plus accrued interest of $562,000 for a total of $1,062,000. As consideration for amending the note, Taja also received a warrant (“Incentive Warrant”) to purchase 400,000 shares of common stock of the Company at an exercise price of $1.25 per share, subject to adjustment. Taja also received 25% warrant coverage (“Coverage Warrant”) determined by dividing the principal amount of the Taja Convertible Note by the conversion price multiplied by 25%. The Incentive Warrant and the Coverage Warrant have a five year term and vest one year from issue date.

On December 16, 2011, the Amended ValueAct Note was purchased in its entirety by Taja LLC (“Taja) and was amended to remove certain negative covenants from the Note (the “Amended Taja Note”). On December 29, 2011, the Company and Taja entered into a binding term sheet for convertible note financing (“Taja Convertible Note”) and, effectively, a third amendment to the Second Amended Note (“Third Amended Note”). The Third Amended Note (1) changed the maturity date of the Note from June 21, 2013 to June 21, 2015, (2) extended the payment in kind (“PIK the Company and ValueAct entered into a Second Allonge to Warrant to Purchase 218,524 shares of common stock (the “Second Allonge”), which amended that certain warrant to purchase 218,524 shares of the Company’s common stock, issued to ValueAct on February 12, 2008, as amended (the “ValueAct Warrant”). Pursuant to the Second Allonge, the exercise price of the ValueAct Warrant decreased from $4.00 per share to the lesser of $6.25 per share, or the exercise price per share for any warrant to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock issued by the Company to certain other parties.

On March 1, 2012, the Company and Taja entered into a second binding term sheet (“Amended Taja Convertible Note”) to amend certain provisions of the December 29, 2011 binding term sheet. Pursuant to the Amended Taja Convertible Note, (1) the maturity date was revised to March 1, 2014, (2) the conversion price was amended to $3.50 share, (3) conversion of the note must not cause the holder to exceed 4.9% ownership, except that on the maturity date the entire remaining amount of principle and interest shall automatically convert into shares of common stock of the Company, (4) the Amended Taja Convertible Note becomes accelerated and immediately due and payable upon the consummation by the Company of one or more equity sales from and after March 1, 2012 resulting in aggregate net proceeds of at least $10,000,000, (5) the conversion date is to occur the earlier of (x) the date that the long-form documents are executed and delivered to all parties, and (y) March 19, 2012, (6) the 400,000 Incentive Warrants issued as consideration for the Third Amended Note were amended to vest and be exercisable one year from March 1, 2012, and (7) the exercise date of the Coverage Warrants was amended to one year following the conversion date.

On March 19, 2012, the Company issued 520,000 shares of its common stock to Taja for the conversion of $1,820,000 of

the Amended Taja Convertible Note.

The Merger and the AMV Acquisition both included the issuance of common stock as all or part of the consideration. Based on the trading price of the common stock as of the acquisition dates, the total consideration was approximately $67.5 million for the Merger and approximately $22.2 million for the AMV Acquisition.

SENIOR SECURED NOTE FINANCING

On June 21, 2010, for purposes of capitalizing the Company, the Company sold and issued $2,500,000 of Senior Secured Convertible Notes due June 21, 2013 (the “New Senior Secured Notes” or the “Senior Debt”) to certain significant stockholders. The New Senior Secured Notes have a three year term and bear interest at a rate of 10% per annum payable in arrears semi-annually. Notwithstanding the foregoing, at any time on or prior to the 18th month following the original issue date of the New Senior Secured Notes, the Company may, at its option, in lieu of making any cash payment of interest, elect that the amount of any interest due and payable on any interest payment date on or prior to the 18th month following the original issue date of the New Senior Secured Notes be added to the principal due under the New Senior Secured Notes. The accrued and unpaid principal and interest due on the New Senior Secured Notes are convertible at any time at the election of the holder into shares of Company common stock at a conversion price of US $0.75 per share, subject to adjustment. The New Senior Secured Notes are secured by a first lien on substantially all of the assets of the Company and its subsidiaries. The Amended ValueAct Note is subordinated to the New Senior Secured Notes.

Each purchaser of a New Senior Secured Note also received a warrant (“Warrant”) to purchase shares of common stock of the Company at an exercise price of $1.25 per share, subject to adjustment. For each $1.00 of New Senior Secured Notes purchased, the purchaser received a Warrant to purchase .67 shares of common stock of the Company. Each Warrant has a five year term. On June 20, 2013, the holders of the New Senior Secured Notes agreed to amend the New Senior Secured Notes to extend the June 21, 2013 Maturity Date of the notes. The Maturity Date was extended on an interim basis and then to July 9, 2013, the current Maturity Date, and the parties are discussing an additional extension or other satisfactory arrangement for the New Senior Secured Notes.

 

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SUMMARY OF THE DIGITAL TURBINE ACQUISITION

On December 28, 2011 the Company entered into a Share Purchase Agreement to acquire of the assets of Digital Turbine LLC (“Seller) into its newly formed wholly owned subsidiary, Digital Turbine, Inc. The Company purchased the assets sold by the Seller with 10,000 shares of common stock of the Company, with a fair value of $30,500 on the date of grant.

SUMMARY OF MIA ACQUISITION

On April 12, 2013, the Company, through its indirect wholly owned subsidiary organized under the laws of Australia, Digital Turbine Australia Pty Ltd (“DT Australia”), acquired all of the issued and outstanding stock of Mirror Image International Holdings Pty Ltd (“MIAH”). MIAH owns direct or indirect subsidiaries Mirror Image Access (Australia) Pty Ltd (MIA), MIA Technology Australia Pty Ltd (MIATA) and MIA Technology IP Pty Ltd (together the MIAH, the “MIA Group”). The acquired business of the MIA Group is referred to as “MIA” in this annual report. MIA is a leading mobile solutions provider based in Australia. MIA has extensive content licenses with major brands, as well as a proprietary content management and billing integration system (“Sphere”). MIA enables experiences on connected devices by enabling the delivery of content and applications to multiple devices, across any network, in any format. The Sphere platform enables carriers, media companies and brands to work together.

SUMMARY OF THE LOGIA ACQUISITION

On August 14, 2012, the Company entered into a Share Purchase Agreement to acquire subsidiaries and assets of Logia Group, Ltd. (“Seller”), Logia is a leading mobile content development and management solutions provider of innovative mobile solutions to top-tier mobile operators and content providers. The Logia acquisition was completed on September 13, 2012. As a part of the transaction, the Company, through an Israeli acquisition company that it formed named “MDG Logia Holdings LTD” (“Logia Holdings”) acquired all of the capital stock of Logia Content Development and Management Ltd., Volas Entertainment Ltd. and Mail Bit Logia (2008) Ltd., each of which was formerly an operating subsidiary of Seller, and is now an operating subsidiary of Logia Holdings. In addition, the Company acquired, by assignment to Logia Holdings, the assets comprising the “LogiaDeck” software, which has been rebranded “Ignite”, and certain operator and other contracts related to the business being sold by Seller, from S.M.B.P. IGLOO Ltd., an affiliate of Seller.

The Company purchased the stock and assets sold by Seller and its affiliate with cash and common stock of the Company and two tranches of “earn out” payments of cash and stock, comprised of (1) $3,750,000 in cash at closing (subject to working capital adjustments) and Company common stock having a value of $750,000, based on a 30 day volume weighted average price (VWAP) look back from the issuance date (the “Closing Shares”), or 187,500 shares of common stock, with a fair value of $788 on the date of grant, and (2) two tranches, each comprised of a cash payment of $250,000 and a number of shares of Company common stock valued at $250,000 (based on a 30 day VWAP look back from the issuance date) (the “Earn Out Shares”), which will be paid and issued, as applicable, to Seller upon satisfaction of various milestones, and subject to the terms and conditions, as set forth in the Purchase Agreement, totaling up to a number of shares of common stock having a value of $500,000 and $500,000 of cash if all milestones are achieved. All of the stock of the Company issued is subject to a Registration Rights Agreement that provides for piggy back rights for 3 years and inclusion on the Company’s currently existing registration statement. The acquired business of the Targets and Ignite are collectively referred to as “Logia” in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

The initial accounting of the Logia acquisition is incomplete and subject to changes, which may result in significant changes to provisional amounts. The Company has recorded provisional amounts based upon management’s best estimate of the value as a result of preliminary analysis. Therefore, actual amounts recorded upon the finalization of the valuation of certain intangible assets may differ materially from the information presented in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

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Company Overview

From February 12, 2008 to October 23, 2008, our sole operations were those of our wholly-owned subsidiary, Twistbox. In October 2008, we acquired AMV Holding Limited and its subsidiaries, a mobile media and marketing company. On June 21, 2010, we sold AMV Holding Limited and its subsidiaries.

Twistbox is a global, mobile data services company primarily focused on enabling and optimizing the development, distribution and billing of content and applications across mobile networks. Operating since 2003, Twistbox publishes content in 11 countries. Twistbox has developed an intellectual property portfolio that includes worldwide or territory exclusive mobile rights to content, a proprietary publishing platform that includes tools to automate device management and billing of content and applications; a mobile games development and distribution platform that automates the porting of mobile games and applications to over 1,500 handset models; a content ratings system adopted by certain major wireless carriers to assist with the responsible deployment of age-verified programming and services; a suite of value added billing technologies that allow for in-application billing, and Digital Rights Management (DRM) solutions. Twistbox has leveraged its intellectual property and carrier-class technology to secure direct distribution and/or enabling agreements with leading mobile operators throughout Europe and North America, including, among others, Vodafone, Telefonica, Orange, and SFR.

In December 2011, the Company purchased the assets of Digital Turbine. With the acquisition and integration of the assets of Digital Turbine, subsequently re-branded “IQ”, the Company is able to provide an end-to-end, modular platform that assists customers to search and discover content from various sources including social media, search engines, and applications. Digital Turbine’s IQ product can be integrated with different operating systems to provide to the end user a more unified experience of engaging with mobile content across search, discovery, billing, and delivery. Innovative aspects of the IQ product include the ability for carriers and OEMs to analyze and control the data presented to their end-users while giving them a more efficient way of finding and purchasing content.

Since the acquisition of the IQ product, the Company has developed new products which include “Digital Turbine Marketplace”, “DT Pay”, “Digital Turbine Ignite”, and “Digital Turbine Content.”

Digital Turbine Marketplace is an application storefront that manages the retailing of mobile content including features such as merchandising, product placements, reporting, pricing, promotions, and distribution of digital goods. Digital Turbine Marketplace is deployed with many operators around the world including with operators in Australia, Israel, Philippines, and Italy.

Due to the acquisition of MIA on April 12, 2013, Digital Turbine Content has become the primary revenue generating product from Digital Turbine today. It includes the distribution and licensing of content across multiple content categories including music, applications, wallpapers, eBooks, and games. Digital Turbine Content manages content sales and distribution across multiple geographies including Australia, Israel, Turkey, Indonesia, Philippines, Italy, India and Germany.

We also acquired DT Pay in connection with the MIA acquisition. DT Pay is an Application Programming Interface (API) that integrates between mobile operators billing infrastructure and content publishers to facilitate mobile commerce. Increasingly, mobile content publishers are wanting to go directly to consumers to sell their content versus sell through traditional distributors such as Google Play or Apple Application Store. DT Pay allows publishers and carriers to monetize those applications by allowing the content to be billed directly to the consumer via their carrier billing. Currently DT Pay is launched in both Australia and Italy.

 

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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

     Year ended
March 31,
2013
    Year ended
March 31,
2012
    % of
Change
 
     (in thousands)        

Revenues

   $ 6,025      $ 7,230        -17

Cost of revenues

     2,611        2,873        -9
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

Gross profit

     3,414        4,357        -22

SG&A

     14,675        16,040        -9

Impairment of intangibles

     —         2,319        -100

Impairment of goodwill

     1,119        2,969        -62
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

Operating loss

     (12,380     (16,971     -27

Interest expense, net

     (1,883     (12,497     -85

Foreign exchange transaction gain / (loss)

     (7     (94     -93

Change in fair value of accrued derivative liabilities gain / (loss)

     (22     (4,447 )     -100

Loss on extinguishment of debt

     —         2,004        -100

Gain / (loss) on settlement of debt

     337        1,393        -76

Gain / (loss) on disposal of fixed assets

     (33     15        -321

Loss on change on valuation of long term contingent liability

     (83     —          -100
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

Loss before income taxes

     (14,071     (30,597     -54

Income tax provision

     (90     (110     -19
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

Net (loss) income

   $ (14,161   $ (30,707     -54
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

Basic and Diluted net income / (loss) per common share

   $ (0.80   $ (3.11     -74

Basic and Diluted weighted average shares outstanding

     17,631        9,884        78

Comparison of the Year Ended March 31, 2013 and the Year Ended March 31, 2012

 

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Revenues

 

     Twelve Months Ended
March 31,
     % of  
     2013      2012      Change  
     (In thousands)         

Revenues by type:

        

Services

   $ 3,681       $ 1,214         203

Content - Games

     190         434         -56

Content - Other

     1,603         3,824         -58

Advertising

     551         1,758         -69
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total

   $ 6,025       $ 7,230         -17
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

Services revenue — we have recognized higher platform and services fees, with the addition of Logia and particularly the Digital Turbine Ignite product, as well as the existing service revenue generated in our German operation.

Games revenue — the decline in revenue largely reflects a strategic decision to curtail investment in development of new games for carrier sales, along with the loss of on-deck placement with US carriers.

The revenue decline for Other Content is the result of multiple factors. Revenues were impacted by a very challenging European sales environment for our carrier partners and consequently for us. This resulted in lower sales in major territories including the Germany, France and Spain. Other content includes a broad range of licensed and internally developed products delivered in the form of WAP, Video, Wallpaper and Mobile.

Cost of Revenues

 

     Twelve Months Ended
March  31,
    % of  
     2013     2012     Change  
     (In thousands)        

Cost of revenues:

      

License fees

   $ 963      $ 2,643        -64

Other direct cost of revenues

     1,648        230        616
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total cost of revenues

   $ 2,611      $ 2,873        -9
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

Revenues

   $ 6,025      $ 7,230        -17
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

Gross margin

     56.7     60.3  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

License fees represent costs payable to content providers for use of their intellectual property in products sold. Our licensing agreements are predominantly on a revenue-share basis, and have therefore decreased relative to the decrease in revenue. We experienced slightly higher fees in the area of traffic and advertising costs that affected our sales mix, as well as our gross margin.

 

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Operating Expenses

 

     Twelve Months Ended
March  31,
     % of  
     2013      2012      Change  
     (In thousands)         

Product development expenses

   $ 1,712       $ 2,154         -21

Sales and marketing expenses

     971         873         11

General and administrative expenses

     11,992         13,013         -8

Impairment of intangible assets

     —          2,319         -100

Impairment of goodwill

     1,119         2,969         -62

Product development expenses include the costs to build, edit and optimize content formats for consumption on a mobile phone. Expenses in this area are primarily driven by personnel costs. Due to the addition of Logia, our headcount has increased since September, and relative thereto product development expense has increased, especially with the development of the Digital Turbine suite of products, and specifically with the IQ and Ignite products.

Sales and marketing expenses represent the costs of sales and marketing personnel, and advertising and marketing campaigns. Selling costs, in relation to our headcount increase due to the addition of Logia and Digital Turbine in support of our Digital Turbine suite of products.

General and administrative expenses represent management and support personnel costs in each of our subsidiary companies and related expenses, as well as professional and consulting costs, and other costs such as stock based compensation, rent, depreciation and bad debt expenses. The decrease during fiscal year 2013 is mostly due to a decrease in stock compensation paid to management, partially offset by an increase in accounting and legal fees due mainly to acquisition activity.

Amortization of intangibles represents amortization of the intangibles identified as part of the purchase price accounting related to our acquisitions and attributed to operating expenses.

Impairment of goodwill and intangible assets represents the write down in value of goodwill and intangible assets associated with the acquisition of Twistbox. The consideration in the Twistbox acquisition was entirely stock-based, and generated significant goodwill since Twistbox was not a capital intensive company. Subsequent to the acquisition, the Company experienced a significant and continued decline in the market value of its common stock, which resulted in the Company’s market capitalization falling below its net book value. The Company recorded an impairment charge in the value of goodwill and intangible assets in the last quarter of fiscal year 2012 and 2013. At March 31, 2012, due to a decline in revenues, the Company performed an impairment review for goodwill and intangible assets. As a result of the assessment, the Company determined that the net book value exceeded the implied fair value; therefore, the Company recorded an additional impairment charge of $2,969,000 to write down goodwill and $2,319,000 to write down intangibles assets. The intangible assets impaired were the valuation associated with the Twistbox trademark/trade name. At March 31, 2013, the Company performed its annual impairment assessment of Twistbox goodwill and intangible assets. As a result of the assessment, the Company determined that the net book value exceeded the implied fair value; therefore, the Company recorded an additional impairment charge of $1,119,000 to write down goodwill. The Company determined there was no impairment of intangible assets.

 

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Other Income and Expenses

 

     Twelve Months Ended
March 31,
    % of  
     2013     2012     Change  
     (In thousands)        

Interest and other (expense)

   $ (1,883   $ (12,497     -85

Foreign exchange transaction gain / (loss)

   $ (7   $ (94     -93

Change in fair value of accrued derivative liabilities gain / (loss)

   $ (22   $ (4,447     -100

Gain / (loss) on disposal of fixed assets

   $ (33   $ 15        -321

Loss on extinguishment of debt

   $ —       $ 2,004        -100

Gain / (loss) on settlement of debt

   $ 337      $ 1,393        -76

Loss on change on valuation of long term contingent liability

   $ (83   $ —         0

Interest and other income/(expense) includes interest income on invested funds, interest expense related to the Senior Secured Note, the Taja Note, changes in the fair market value of derivatives, foreign exchange transaction gains, gains on settlement of debt, and other income/expense. The decrease in net expense compared to the prior period is comprised mostly of a decrease in financing costs, loss on extinguishment of debt, and change in fair value of derivative liabilities offset by settlement of debt with a provider.

Financial Condition

Assets

Our current assets totaled $4.0 million and $10.1 million at March 31, 2013 and March 31, 2012, respectively. Total assets were $12.5 million and $14.8 million at March 31, 2013 and March 31, 2012, respectively. The decrease in current assets is primarily due to a decrease in cash due to investments in the Logia acquisition, offset by higher accounts receivable balances due to an increase in revenues, mainly due to the acquisition. The increase in total assets is primarily due to the acquisition of Logia offset by the impairment charge recorded against goodwill for the Twistbox asset, as well as the higher accounts receivable and non-refundable deposit for a pending asset acquisition.

Liabilities and Working Capital

At March 31, 2013, our current and total liabilities were $11.7 million, compared to $9.1 million at March 31, 2012. The change in liabilities was related to the addition of a contingent liability related to the acquisition of Logia, as well as the increase in debt for debt discount booked over the life of the convertible debts and the exercise of a warrant held in derivative liabilities at March 31, 2012. The current portion of long-term debt increased for both the Senior Secured Notes and the Taja debt. As a result of the increase in current liabilities and decrease in cash, the Company had negative working capital of $5.7 million at March 31, 2013 as opposed to positive working capital of $4.1 million at March 31, 2012.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

     Twelve Months Ended
March 31,
    % of  
     2013     2012     Change  
     (In thousands)        

Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows Data:

      

Capital expenditures

   $ (12   $ (17     30

Cash flows used in operating activities

     (6,865     (1,829     275

Cash flows used in investing activities

     (3,416     —          0

Cash acquired with acquisition of subsidiary

     59        —          0

Proceeds from new convertible debt

     —          7,000        -100

Issuance of shares for cash

     2,550        2,700        -6

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

     34        100        -66

 

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Although the Company has incurred losses and negative annual cash flows since inception, the operating loss decreased from $30.6 million in fiscal year 2012 to $14 million in fiscal year 2013. A significant portion of the loss is represented by one-time non-cash charges to stock compensation as well as professional fees related to the acquisition of Logia, which in turn has generated additional current assets, as well as operating income for the period.

The consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K include the accounts of the Company. The primary sources of liquidity have historically been issuance of common and preferred stock and borrowings under credit facilities. In fiscal year 2012, the Company raised $9.7 million through issuance of convertible debt and equity financings and through restructuring existing debt to convertible debt. In fiscal year 2013, the Company raised $2.5 million through the issuance of equity financings, but not incur new debt or modify existing debt. Until we become cash flow positive, we anticipate that our primary sources of liquidity will be our existing cash balances together with cash generated by our operating activities, cash on hand, as well as further borrowings or further capital raises. Unless the Company is able to obtain additional financing, our cash position will not be sufficient to continue operations for the next twelve months.

Operating Activities

In the year ended March 31, 2013, we used $7.6 million of net cash. Net cash used is comprised of an increase in accounts payable of $0.935, a decrease in accrued license fees and other liabilities of $0.603 million, an increase in accrued compensation of $0.1 million, and an overall increase in assets of $0.372 million comprised of a decrease in prepaid expense of $0.38 million offset by an increase in accounts receivable and deposits of $0.26 million and $0.49, respectively. These changes flow from the loss for the period, but exclude impairment charge of $1.19 million, depreciation and amortization of $0.8 million, as well as interest and debt discount costs of $1.86 million, and $4.4 million for stock and warrants issued for services, offset by supplier settlements of $1.5 million.

As of March 31, 2013, the Company had approximately $1.1 million of cash attributed to continuing operations.

The Company’s cash requirements in the future will be dependent on actions taken to improve cash flow, including operational restructuring. We may require additional cash resources due to changed business conditions or other future developments, including any investments or acquisitions we may decide to pursue. If cash resources are insufficient to satisfy our cash requirements, we may seek to sell additional debt securities or additional equity securities or to obtain a credit facility. The sale of convertible debt securities or additional equity securities could result in additional dilution to our stockholders. The incurrence of increased indebtedness would result in additional debt service obligations and could result in additional operating and financial covenants that would restrict our operations. In addition, there can be no assurance that any additional debt or equity financing will be available on acceptable terms, if at all.

Debt obligations include interest payments under the Senior Secured Notes, and also under the Amended Taja Note. Under the Senior Secured Notes, the Company may elect to add interest to the principal, until 18 months following June 21, 2010, with the full amount of the principal and interest payable at the end of the term. On June 20, 2013, the holders of the New Senior Secured Notes agreed to amend the Senior Secured Notes to extend the June 21, 2013 Maturity Date of the notes. The Maturity Date was extended on an interim basis and then to July 9, 2013, the current Maturity Date, and the parties are discussing an additional extension or other satisfactory arrangement for the Senior Secured Notes. Under the Amended Taja Note, the Company may elect to add interest to the principal. The full amount under the Amended Taja Note is payable two years from March 1, 2012, if it has not already been converted into shares of common stock of the Company. The Company’s operating lease obligations include non-cancelable operating leases for the Company’s office facilities in several locations, expiring at various dates through 2015.

 

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Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We do not have any relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partners, such as entities often referred to as structured finance or special purpose entities, which would have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements or other contractually narrow or limited purposes. In addition, we do not have any undisclosed borrowings or debt, and we have not entered into any synthetic leases. We believe, therefore, that we are not materially exposed to any financing, liquidity, market or credit risk that could arise if we had engaged in such relationships.

Stock Sales and Liquidity

In May 2012, the Company issued 30,000 shares of common stock of the Company to an advisory board member for consulting services. The shares vest over one year. The shares were valued at the closing market price on that date of $5.00 per share. The overall value was determined to be $150, of which $135 was recorded through the period ended March 31, 2013.

In May 2012, the Company issued 86,667 shares of common stock of the Company to a director of the Company. The shares were valued at the closing market price on that date of $5.00 per share. The overall value was determined to be $433, of which $391 was recorded through the period ended March 31, 2013.

In June 2012, the Company issued 30,000 shares of common stock of the Company to a vendor. The shares were issued based on a service agreement that began in March 2012. The overall value was determined to be $135, of which $133 was recorded through the period ended March 31, 2013.

In June 2012, the Company sold 285,714 shares of common stock of the Company to an investor for $3.50 cents per share. In connection with this sale of common stock, the Company issued warrants to purchase 71,428 shares of common stock of the Company at an exercise price of $3.50 cents per share with a term of 5 years. The fair value of the warrants on the day of issue was determined to be $255.

In July 2012, the Company issued 5,031 shares of common stock of the Company to a vendor. The shares were valued at the closing market price on that date of $4.00 per share. The overall value was determined to be $20, of which $20 was recorded through the period ended March 31, 2013.

In September 2012, the Company issued 187,500 shares of common stock of the Company as consideration for an acquisition. The shares were valued at the closing market price on that date of $4.20 per share. The overall value was determined to be $787 and was recorded through the purchase price allocation of the acquisition in the period ended March 31, 2013.

In September 2012, the Company issued 300,000 shares of common stock of the Company in connection with an employment agreement. The shares were valued at the closing market price on that date of $4.00 per share. The overall value was determined to be $1,200, of which $267 was recorded through the period ended March 31, 2013.

In December 2012, the Company sold 285,714 shares of common stock of the Company to an investor for $3.50 per share. In connection with this sale of common stock, the Company issued warrants to purchase 71,428 shares of common stock of the Company at an exercise price of $3.50 per share with a term of 5 years. The fair value of the warrants on the date of issuance was determined to be $251.

In December 2012, the Company issued 30,000 shares of common stock of the Company to a vendor. The shares were issued as settlement for services. The overall value was determined to be $113, of which $113 was recorded through the period ended March 31, 2013.

In December 2012, the Company issued 92,857 shares of common stock of the Company to a vendor. The shares were issued as settlement for services. The overall value was determined to be $348, of which $348 was recorded through the period ended March 31, 2013. In connection with this issuance of common stock, the Company issued warrants to purchase 23,214 shares of common stock of the Company at an exercise price of $3.50 per share with a term of 5 years. The fair value of the warrants on the date of issuance was determined to be $82.

In December 2012, the Company issued 133,333 shares of common stock of the Company as a non-refundable deposit for a pending acquisition. The shares were valued at the closing market price on that date of $4.00 per share. The overall value was determined to be $533 and was recorded to deposits as of March 31, 2013.

 

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In January 2013, the Company issued 59,542 shares of common stock of the Company to three vendors. The shares were issued as settlement for services. The overall value was determined to be $216, of which $216 was recorded through the period ended March 31, 2013.

In January 2013, the Company sold 157,143 shares of common stock of the Company to an investor for $3.50 per share. In connection with this sale of common stock, the Company issued warrants to purchase 39,286 shares of common stock of the Company at an exercise price of $3.50 per share with a term of 5 years. The fair value of the warrants on the date of issuance was determined to be $134.

In March 2013, the Company issued 10,000 shares of common stock of the Company to a vendor. The shares were issued as settlement for services. The overall value was determined to be $47, of which $47 was recorded through the period ended March 31, 2013.

 

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Revenues

The discussion herein regarding our future operations pertain to the results and operations of MDG, Logia and Twistbox. Assets from the Digital Turbine acquisition have yet to generate revenues due to the development cycle of the Digital Turbine products. The Company expects to begin earning revenue from the Digital Turbine assets, as well as from the recent acquisition of MIA by the quarter ending June 30, 2013. Logia and Twistbox generate revenues from mobile phone carriers that market, distribute and/or bill for their content. These carriers generally charge a one-time purchase fee or a monthly subscription fee on their subscribers’ phone bills when the subscribers download Logia’s or Twistbox’s content to their mobile phones. The carriers perform the billing and collection functions and generally remit to Logia and Twistbox a contractual percentage of their collected fee for each transaction. Logia and Twistbox recognize as revenues the percentage of the fees due to them from the carrier. End users may also initiate the purchase of Logia and Twistbox’s content through other delivery mechanisms, with carriers or third parties being responsible for billing, collecting and remitting to Logia and Twistbox a portion of their fees. To date, Logia’s revenues have been mainly in Israel and Europe. Twistbox’s international revenues have been mainly in Europe. Logia has recently begun to recognize revenue on the Digital Turbine Ignite product. This product is sold as a service. Billings are generated for initial set up fees, and revenues are recognized upon completion or launch of the product. Further, Digital Turbine Ignite generates future revenues by licensing the product as a per device license fee and a revenue share of content sold by the carrier through the product.

We believe that the improving quality and greater availability of smartphones is, in turn, encouraging consumer awareness and demand for high quality content on their mobile devices. At the same time, carriers and branded content owners are focusing on a small group of enablers that have the ability to provide high-quality mobile content services consistently and cost-effectively with the ability to enable mobile billing across a wide variety of handsets and countries. Additionally, publishers and content owners are seeking enablers that have the ability to distribute content globally through relationships with most or all of the major carriers. We believe our Company has created the requisite development, distribution and billing technology and has achieved the scale to operate at a level that provides it with competitive advantages. We also believe that leveraging existing carrier and publisher relationships will allow us to grow our revenues without corresponding percentage growth in our infrastructure and operating costs. Our revenue growth rate will depend significantly on continued growth in the mobile content market, our ability to leverage our distribution and content relationships, as well as our ability to continue to expand billing for content in new regional markets. Our ability to attain profitability will be affected by the extent to which we must incur additional expenses to expand our sales, marketing, development, and general and administrative capabilities to grow our business. The largest component of our expenses is personnel costs. Personnel costs consist of salaries, benefits and incentive compensation, including bonuses and stock-based compensation, for our employees. Our operating expenses should continue to grow in absolute dollars, assuming our revenues continue to grow. As a percentage of revenues, we expect these expenses to decrease.

 

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Because many new mobile handset models are released in the fourth calendar quarter to coincide with the holiday shopping season, and because many end users download our content soon after they purchase new handsets, we may experience seasonal sales increases based on this key holiday selling period. However, due to the time between handset purchases and content purchases, much of this holiday impact may occur in the March quarter end. For a variety of reasons, we may experience seasonal sales decreases during the summer, particularly in Europe, which is predominantly reflected in our September end fiscal quarter. In addition to these possible seasonal patterns, our revenues may be impacted by declines in users visiting carrier portals, new or changed carrier deals, and by changes in the manner that our major carrier partners marketing our content on their deck. Initial spikes in revenues as a result of successful launches or campaigns may create further aberrations in our revenue patterns.

Cost of Revenues

Our Company’s cost of revenues historically, and our cost of revenues going forward, consists primarily of royalties that we pay to content owners from which we license brands and other intellectual property. In addition, certain other direct costs such as platform and third party delivery charges are included in cost of revenues. Our cost of revenues also includes noncash expenses—amortization of certain acquired intangible assets, and any impairment of guarantees. We generally do not pay advance royalties to licensors. Where we acquire rights in perpetuity or for a specific time period without revenue share or additional fees, we record the payments made to content owners as prepaid royalties on our balance sheet when payment is made to the licensor. We recognize royalties in cost of revenues based upon the revenues derived from the relevant product sold multiplied by the applicable royalty rate. If applicable, we will record an impairment of prepaid royalties or accrue for future guaranteed royalties that are in excess of anticipated recoupment. At each balance sheet date, we perform a detailed review of prepaid royalties and guarantees that considers multiple factors, including forecasted demand, anticipated share for specific content providers, development and launch plans, and current and anticipated sales levels. We expense the costs for development of our content prior to technological feasibility as we incur them throughout the development process, and we include these costs in product development expenses.

Gross Margin

Our gross margin going forward will be determined principally by the mix of content that we deliver, and the costs of distribution. Our games based on licensed intellectual property require us to pay royalties to the licensor and the royalty rates in our licenses vary significantly. Our own in-house developed content, which is based on our own intellectual property, require no royalty payments to licensors. Branded content requires royalty payment to the licensors, generally on a revenue share basis, while for acquired content we amortize the cost against revenues, and this will generally result in a lower cost associated with it. There are multiple internal and external factors that affect the mix of revenues, such as consumer trends. Our gross margin is also affected by direct costs such as platform and third party delivery charges, and by periodic charges for impairment of intangible assets and of prepaid royalties and guarantees. These charges can cause gross margin variations, particularly from quarter to quarter.

 

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Operating Expenses

Our operating expenses going forward will primarily include product development expenses, sales and marketing expenses and general and administrative expenses. Our product development expenses consist primarily of salaries and benefits for employees working on creating, developing, editing, programming, porting, quality assurance, carrier certification and deployment of our content, on technologies related to interoperating with our various mobile phone carriers and on our internal platforms, payments to third parties for developing our content, and allocated facilities costs. We devote substantial resources to the development, supporting technologies, porting and quality assurance of our content. For acquired content, typically we will receive content from our licensors which must be edited for use on mobile phones, combined with other appropriate content, and packaged for end-users. The process is made more complex by the need to deliver content on multiple carriers’ platforms and across a large number of different handsets.

Sales and Marketing. Sales and marketing expenses, historically, and our sales and marketing expenses going forward, will consist primarily of salaries, benefits and incentive compensation for sales, business development, project management and marketing personnel, expenses for advertising, trade shows, public relations and other promotional and marketing activities, expenses for general business development activities, travel and entertainment expenses and allocated facilities costs. We expect sales and marketing expenses to increase in absolute terms with the growth of our business and as we further promote our content and expand our business.

General and Administrative. Our general and administrative expenses, historically, and going forward, will consist primarily of salaries and benefits for general and administrative personnel, consulting fees, legal, accounting and other professional fees, information technology costs and allocated facilities costs. We expect that general and administrative expenses will increase in absolute terms as we hire additional personnel and incur costs related to the anticipated growth of our business, capital raises and our operation as a public company. We also expect that these expenses will increase because of the additional costs to comply with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and related regulation, our efforts to expand our operations and, in the near term, additional accounting costs related to our operation as a public company.

Amortization of Intangible Assets. We will record amortization of acquired intangible assets that are directly related to revenue-generating activities as part of our cost of revenues and amortization of the remaining acquired intangible assets as part of our operating expenses. We will record intangible assets on our balance sheet based upon their fair value at the time they are acquired. We will determine the fair value of the intangible assets using a contribution approach. We will amortize the amortizable intangible assets using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives of four to ten years.

Estimates and Assumptions

The preparation of our financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Income Taxes

We provide for deferred income taxes using the liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and the tax effect of net operating loss carry-forwards. A valuation allowance has been provided as it is more likely than not that the deferred assets will not be realized.

 

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Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In June 2011, the FASB issued new guidance on the presentation of comprehensive income that will require a company to present components of net income and other comprehensive income in one continuous statement or in two separate, but consecutive statements. There are no changes to the components that are recognized in net income or other comprehensive income under current GAAP. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2011, with early adoption permitted. It is applicable to the Company’s fiscal year beginning April 1, 2012. The Company adopted the new guidance and will present components of net income and other comprehensive income in one continuous statement.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In December of 2011, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-12, Deferral of the Effective Date for Amendments to the Presentation of Reclassifications of Items Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income in Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-05 (ASU 2011-12). In February 2013, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2013-02, Reporting of Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income, which adds additional disclosure requirements for items reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income. This ASU will be effective for the first interim reporting period in 2013. The Company expects this guidance to have an impact on the disclosures related to comprehensive income.

In January 2012, we adopted 2011-05, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Presentation of Comprehensive Income (ASU 2011-05) which requires presentation of the components of net income and other comprehensive income either as one continuous statement or as two consecutive statements and eliminates the option to present components of other comprehensive income as part of the statement of changes in shareholders’ equity. The standard does not change the items that must be reported in other comprehensive income, how such items are measured or when they must be reclassified to net income.

In July 2012, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued amendments to the goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets impairment guidance which provides an option for companies to not calculate the fair value of an indefinite-lived intangible asset unless the entity determines, based on qualitative assessment, that it is not more likely than not, the indefinite-lived intangible asset is impaired. The amendments are effective for annual and interim impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after September 15, 2012 (early adoption is permitted). The implementation of this amended accounting guidance is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position and results of operations.

Other recent authoritative guidance issued by the FASB (including technical corrections to the FASB Accounting Standards Codification), the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, and the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) did not, or are not expected to have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Critical Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for annual financial statements. The financial statements, in the opinion of management, include all adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the results of operations, financial position and cash flows for each period presented.

 

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Revenue Recognition

The Company’s revenues are derived primarily by licensing material and software in the form of products (Image Galleries, Wallpapers, video, WAP Site access, Mobile TV), developing and maintaining carrier platforms, mobile advertising, mobile billing and mobile games. License arrangements with the end user can be on a perpetual or subscription basis.

A perpetual license gives an end user the right to use the product, image or game on the registered handset on a perpetual basis. A subscription license gives an end user the right to use the product, image or game on the registered handset for a limited period of time, ranging from a few days to as long as one month.

The Company either markets and distributes its products directly to consumers, or distributes products through mobile telecommunications service providers (“carriers”), in which case the carrier markets the product, images or games to end users. License fees for perpetual and subscription licenses are usually billed upon download of the product, image or game by the end user. In the case of subscription licenses, many subscriber agreements provide for automatic renewal until the subscriber opts-out, while others provide opt-in renewal. In either case, subsequent billings for subscription licenses are generally billed monthly. The Company applies the provisions of FASB ASC 985-605, Software Revenue Recognition, to all transactions.

Revenues are recognized from the Company’s products, images and games when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, the product, image or game has been delivered, the fee is fixed or determinable, and the collection of the resulting receivable is probable. For both perpetual and subscription licenses, management considers a license agreement to be evidence of an arrangement with a carrier or aggregator and a “clickwrap” agreement to be evidence of an arrangement with an end user. For these licenses, the Company defines delivery as the download of the product, image or game by the end user.

The Company estimates revenues from carriers in the current period when reasonable estimates of these amounts can be made. Most carriers only provide detailed sales transaction data on a one to two month lag. Estimated revenue is treated as unbilled receivables until the detailed reporting is received and the revenues can be billed. Some carriers provide reliable interim preliminary reporting and others report sales data within a reasonable time frame following the end of each month, both of which allow the Company to make reasonable estimates of revenues and therefore to recognize revenues during the reporting period when the end user licenses the product, image or game. Determination of the appropriate amount of revenue recognized involves judgments and estimates that the Company believes are reasonable, but it is possible that actual results may differ from the Company’s estimates. The Company’s estimates for revenues include consideration of factors such as preliminary sales data, carrier-specific historical sales trends, volume of activity on company monitored sites, seasonality, time elapsed from launch of services or product lines, the age of games and the expected impact of newly launched games, successful introduction of newer and more advanced handsets, promotions during the period and economic trends. When the Company receives the final carrier reports, to the extent not received within a reasonable time frame following the end of each month, the Company records any differences between estimated revenues and actual revenues in the reporting period when the Company determines the actual amounts. Revenues earned from certain carriers may not be reasonably estimated. If the Company is unable to reasonably estimate the amount of revenues to be recognized in the current period, the Company recognizes revenues upon the receipt of a carrier revenue report and when the Company’s portion of licensed revenues are fixed or determinable and collection is probable. To monitor the reliability of the Company’s estimates, management, where possible, reviews the revenues by country, by carrier and by product line on a regular basis to identify unusual trends such as differential adoption rates by carriers or the introduction of new handsets. If the Company deems a carrier not to be creditworthy, the Company defers all revenues from the arrangement until the Company receives payment and all other revenue recognition criteria have been met.

 

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In accordance with FASB ASC 605-45, Reporting Revenue Gross as a Principal Versus Net as an Agent, the Company recognizes as revenues the amount the carrier reports as payable upon the sale of the Company’s products, images or games. The Company has evaluated its carrier agreements and has determined that it is not the principal when selling its products, images or games through carriers. Key indicators that it evaluated to reach this determination include:

 

   

wireless subscribers directly contract with the carriers, which have most of the service interaction and are generally viewed as the primary obligor by the subscribers;

 

   

carriers generally have significant control over the types of content that they offer to their subscribers;

 

   

carriers are directly responsible for billing and collecting fees from their subscribers, including the resolution of billing disputes;

 

   

carriers generally pay the Company a fixed percentage of their revenues or a fixed fee for each game;

 

   

carriers generally must approve the price of the Company’s content in advance of their sale to subscribers, and the Company’s more significant carriers generally have the ability to set the ultimate price charged to their subscribers; and

 

   

the Company has limited risks, including no inventory risk and limited credit risk.

For direct to consumer business, revenue is earned by delivering a product or service directly to the end user of that product or service. In those cases, the Company records as revenue the amount billed to that end user and recognizes the revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, the product, image or game has been delivered, the fee is fixed or determinable, and the collection of the resulting receivable is probable. Substantially all of our discontinued operations represents direct to consumer business.

Net (Loss) per Common Share

Basic loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted net loss per share is computed by dividing net loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period plus dilutive common stock equivalents, using the treasury stock method. Potentially dilutive shares from stock options and warrants and the conversion of the Series A preferred stock were as follows:

 

     Year Ended
March  31,

2013
     Year Ended
March 31,
2012
 

Potentially dilutive shares

     5,306         4,389   

 

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Comprehensive Loss

Comprehensive loss consists of two components, net loss and other comprehensive income. Other comprehensive income refers to gains and losses that under generally accepted accounting principles are recorded as an element of stockholders’ equity, but are excluded from net income. The Company’s other comprehensive income currently includes only foreign currency translation adjustments.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

The Company considers all highly liquid short-term investments purchased with a maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.

Accounts Receivable

The Company maintains reserves for potential credit losses on accounts receivable. Management reviews the composition of accounts receivable and analyzes historical bad debts, customer concentrations, customer credit worthiness, current economic trends and changes in customer payment patterns to evaluate the adequacy of these reserves.

Content Provider Licenses

Content Provider License Fees

The Company’s royalty expenses consist of fees that it pays to branded content owners for the use of their intellectual property in the development of the Company’s games and other content, and other expenses directly incurred in earning revenue. Royalty-based obligations are either, accrued as incurred and subsequently paid, or in the case of content acquisitions, paid in advance and capitalized on our balance sheet as prepaid license fees. These royalty-based obligations are expensed to cost of revenues either at the applicable contractual rate related to that revenue or over the estimated life of the content acquired. Minimum guarantee license payments that are not recoupable against future royalties are capitalized and amortized over the lesser of the estimated life of the branded title or the term of the license agreement.

Content Acquired

Amounts paid to third party content providers as part of an agreement to make content available to the Company for a term or in perpetuity, without a revenue share, have been capitalized and are included in the balance sheet as prepaid expenses. These balances will be expensed over the estimated life of the content acquired.

Software Development Costs

The Company applies the principles of FASB ASC 985-20, Accounting for the Costs of Computer Software to Be Sold, Leased, or Otherwise Marketed (“ASC 985-20”). ASC 985-20 requires that software development costs incurred in conjunction with product development be charged to research and development expense until technological feasibility is established. Thereafter, until the product is released for sale, software development costs must be capitalized and reported at the lower of unamortized cost or net realizable value of the related product.

The Company has adopted the “tested working model” approach to establishing technological feasibility for its products and games. Under this approach, the Company does not consider a product or game in development to have passed the technological feasibility milestone until the Company has completed a model of the product or game that contains essentially all the functionality and features of the final game and has tested the model to ensure that it works as expected. To date, the Company has not incurred significant costs between the establishment of technological feasibility and the release of a product or game for sale; thus, the Company has expensed all software development costs as incurred. The Company considers the following factors in determining whether costs can be capitalized: the emerging nature of the mobile market; the gradual evolution of the wireless carrier platforms and mobile phones for which it develops products and games; the lack of pre-orders or sales history for its products and games; the uncertainty regarding a product’s or game’s revenue-generating potential; its lack of control over the carrier distribution channel resulting in uncertainty as to when, if ever, a product or game will be available for sale; and its historical practice of canceling products and games at any stage of the development process.

 

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Product Development Costs

The Company charges costs related to research, design and development of products to product development expense as incurred. The types of costs included in product development expenses include salaries, contractor fees and allocated facilities costs.

Advertising Expenses

The Company expenses the costs of advertising, including direct response advertising, the first time the advertising takes place. Advertising expense for continuing operations was $4 and $7 in the years ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

Restructuring

The Company accounts for costs associated with employee terminations and other exit activities in accordance with FASB ASC 420-10, Accounting for Costs Associated with Exit or Disposal Activities. The Company records employee termination benefits as an operating expense when it communicates the benefit arrangement to the employee and it requires no significant future services, other than a minimum retention period, from the employee to earn the termination benefits.

Presentation

In order to facilitate the comparison of financial information, certain amounts reported in the prior year have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

As of March 31, 2013 and 2012, the carrying value of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, prepaid expenses and other current assets, accounts payable, accrued license fees, accrued compensation, derivative liabilities and other current liabilities approximates fair value due to the short-term nature of such instruments. The carrying value of long-term debt approximates fair value as the related interest rates approximate rates currently available to the Company.

Derivative Liabilities

The Company applies ASC Topic 815, “Derivatives and Hedging,” which provides a two-step model to determine whether a financial instrument or an embedded feature is indexed to an issuer’s own stock and thus able to qualify for the scope exception in ASC 815-10-15-74. Using the criteria in ASC 815, the Company determines which instruments or embedded features that require liability accounting and records the fair values as a derivative liability. The changes in the values of the derivative liabilities are shown in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations as “change in fair value of accrued derivative liabilities gain / (loss).”

 

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Foreign Currency Translation

The Company uses the United States dollar for financial reporting purposes. Assets and liabilities of foreign operations are translated using current rates of exchange prevailing at the balance sheet date. Equity accounts have been translated at their historical exchange rates when the capital transaction occurred. Statement of Operations amounts are translated at average rates in effect for the reporting period. The foreign currency translation adjustment loss of $72 in the year ended March 31, 2013 and gain of $97 in the year ended March 31, 2012 have been reported as a component of comprehensive loss in the consolidated statements of stockholders’ equity and comprehensive income.

Concentrations of Credit Risk

Financial instruments which potentially subject us to concentration of credit risk consist principally of cash and cash equivalents, and accounts receivable. We have placed cash and cash equivalents with a single high credit-quality institution. Most of our sales are made directly to large national Mobile Phone Operators in the countries that we operate. We have a significant level of business and resulting significant accounts receivable balance with one operator and therefore have a high concentration of credit risk with that operator. We perform ongoing credit evaluations of our customers and maintain an allowance for potential credit losses. As of March 31, 2013, three major customers represented approximately 33.2%, 20.4% and 6.6% of our gross accounts receivable outstanding, and 0%, 0% and 39% of gross accounts receivable outstanding as of March 31, 2012, respectively. These customers accounted for 33%, 9% and 22% of our gross revenues in the year ended March 31, 2013; and 0%, 0% and 41%, respectively in the year ended March 31, 2012.

Property and Equipment

Property and equipment is stated at cost. Depreciation and amortization is calculated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the related assets. Estimated useful lives are the lesser of 8 to 10 years or the term of the lease for leasehold improvements and 5 years for other assets.

Goodwill and Indefinite Life Intangible Assets

Goodwill represents the excess of cost over fair value of net assets of businesses acquired. In accordance with FASB ASC 350-20 Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets, the value assigned to goodwill and indefinite lived intangible assets, including trademarks and tradenames, is not amortized to expense, but rather they are evaluated at least on an annual basis to determine if there are potential impairments. If the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its carrying value, an impairment loss is recorded to the extent that the implied fair value of the reporting unit goodwill is less than the carrying value. If the fair value of an indefinite lived intangible (such as trademarks and trade names) is less than its carrying amount, an impairment loss is recorded. Fair value is determined based on discounted cash flows, market multiples or appraised values, as appropriate. Discounted cash flow analysis requires assumptions about the timing and amount of future cash inflows and outflows, risk, the cost of capital, and terminal values. Each of these factors can significantly affect the value of the intangible asset. The estimates of future cash flows, based on reasonable and supportable assumptions and projections, require management’s judgment. Any changes in key assumptions about the Company’s businesses and their prospects, or changes in market conditions, could result in an impairment charge. Some of the more significant estimates and assumptions inherent in the intangible asset valuation process include: the timing and amount of projected future cash flows; the discount rate selected to measure the risks inherent in the future cash flows; and the assessment of the asset’s life cycle and the competitive trends impacting the asset, including consideration of any technical, legal or regulatory trends.

In the year ended March 31, 2013, the Company determined that there was an impairment of goodwill, amounting to $1,119. In the year ended March 31, 2012, the Company determined that there was an impairment of goodwill, amounting to $2,969. In performing the related valuation analysis, the Company used various valuation methodologies including probability weighted discounted cash flows, comparable transaction analysis, and market capitalization and comparable company multiple comparison. The impairment is detailed in Note 9 of the Company’s financial statements for the year ended March 31, 2013, attached hereto and incorporated herein by reference.

 

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Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and Finite Life Intangibles

Long-lived assets, including, intangible assets subject to amortization primarily consist of customer lists, license agreements and software that have been acquired are amortized using the straight-line method over their useful life ranging from five to eight years and are reviewed for impairment in accordance with FASB ASC 360-10, Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets, whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to future undiscounted net cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less costs to sell.

In the year ended March 31, 2013, the Company determined that there was no impairment of intangible assets. In the year ended March 31, 2012, the Company determined that there was an impairment of intangible assets, amounting to $2,319. In performing the related valuation analysis the Company used various valuation methodologies including probability weighted discounted cash flows, comparable transaction analysis, and market capitalization and comparable company multiple comparison. The impairment is detailed in Note 10 of the Company’s financial statements for the year ended March 31, 2013, attached hereto and incorporated herein by reference.

Income Taxes

The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with FASB ASC 740-10, Accounting for Income Taxes (“ASC 740-10”), which requires recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in its financial statements or tax returns. Under ASC 740-10, the Company determines deferred tax assets and liabilities for temporary differences between the financial reporting basis and the tax basis of assets and liabilities along with net operating losses, if it is more likely than not the tax benefits will be realized using the enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which it expects the differences to reverse. To the extent a deferred tax asset cannot be recognized, a valuation allowance is established if necessary.

ASC 740-10 prescribes that a company should use a more-likely-than-not recognition threshold based on the technical merits of the tax position taken. Tax positions that meet the “more-likely-than-not” recognition threshold should be measured as the largest amount of the tax benefits, determined on a cumulative probability basis, which is more likely than not to be realized upon ultimate settlement in the financial statements. We recognize interest and penalties related to income tax matters as a component of the provision for income taxes. We do not currently anticipate that the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits will significantly change within the next 12 months.

ASC 740 provides guidance on the minimum threshold that an uncertain income tax position is required to meet before it can be recognized in the financial statements and applies to all tax positions taken by a company. ASC 740 contains a two-step approach to recognizing and measuring uncertain income tax positions. The first step is to evaluate the income tax position for recognition by determining if the weight of available evidence indicates that it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained on audit, including resolution of related appeals or litigation processes, if any. The second step is to measure the tax benefit as the largest amount that is more than 50% likely of being realized upon settlement. If it is not more likely than not that the benefit will be sustained on its technical merits, no benefit will be recorded. Uncertain income tax positions that relate only to timing of when an item is included on a tax return are considered to have met the recognition threshold. We recognize accrued interest and penalties related to uncertain income tax positions in income tax expense on our consolidated statement of income. On a quarterly basis, we evaluate uncertain income tax positions and establish or release reserves as appropriate under GAAP.

The Company’s income is subject to taxation in both the U.S. and foreign jurisdictions, including Germany, Israel and Australia. Significant judgment is required in evaluating the Company’s tax positions and determining its provision for income taxes. During the ordinary course of business, there are many transactions and calculations for which the ultimate tax determination is uncertain. The Company establishes reserves for tax-related uncertainties based on estimates of whether, and the extent to which, additional taxes will be due. These reserves for tax contingencies are established when the Company believes that certain positions might be challenged despite the Company’s belief that its tax return positions are fully supportable. The Company adjusts these reserves in light of changing facts and circumstances, such as the outcome of a tax audit or lapse of a statute of limitations. The provision for income taxes includes the impact of reserve provisions and changes to reserves that are considered appropriate.

Stock-based compensation.

We have applied FASB ASC 718 Share-Based Payment (“ASC 718”) and accordingly, we record stock-based compensation expense for all of our stock-based awards.

        Under ASC 718, we estimate the fair value of stock options granted using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The fair value for awards that are expected to vest is then amortized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the award, which is generally the option vesting term. The amount of expense recognized represents the expense associated with the stock options we expect to ultimately vest based upon an estimated rate of forfeitures; this rate of forfeitures is updated as necessary and any
adjustments needed to recognize the fair value of options that actually vest or are forfeited are recorded.

The Black-Scholes option pricing model, used to estimate the fair value of an award, requires the input of subjective assumptions, including the expected volatility of our common stock, interest rates, dividend rates and an option’s expected life. As a result, the financial statements include amounts that are based upon our best estimates and judgments relating to the expenses recognized for stock-based compensation.

 

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The Company grants restricted stock subject to market or performance conditions that vest based on the satisfaction of the conditions of the award. Unvested restricted stock entitles the grantees to dividends, if any, with voting rights determined in each agreement. The fair market values of market condition-based awards are determined using the Monte Carlo simulation method. The Monte Carlo simulation method is subject to variability as several factors utilized must be estimated, including the derived service period, which is estimated based on the Company’s judgment of likely future performance and the Company’s stock price volatility. The fair value of performance-based awards is determined using the market closing price on the grant date. Derived service periods and the periods charged with compensation expense for performance-based awards are estimated based on the Company’s judgment of likely future performance and may be adjusted in future periods depending on actual performance.

Preferred Stock

The Company applies the guidance enumerated in FASB ASC 480-10, Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments with Characteristics of both Liabilities and Equity (“ASC 480-10”) when determining the classification and measurement of preferred stock. Preferred shares subject to mandatory redemption (if any) are classified as liability instruments and are measured at fair value in accordance with ASC 480-10. All other issuances of preferred stock are subject to the classification and measurement principles of ASC 480-10. Accordingly, the Company classifies conditionally redeemable preferred shares (if any), which includes preferred shares that feature redemption rights that are either within the control of the holder or subject to redemption upon the occurrence of uncertain events not solely within the Company’s control, as temporary equity. At all other times, the Company classifies its preferred shares in stockholders’ equity.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent asset and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The most significant estimates relate to revenues for periods not yet reported by Carriers, liabilities recorded for future minimum guarantee payments under content licenses, accounts receivable allowances, and stock-based compensation expense.

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Not applicable.

ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

The financial statements required by Item 8 are submitted in a separate section of this report, beginning on Page F-1, and are incorporated herein and made apart hereof.

 

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ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

None.

ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information that we are required to file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive and principal financial officers, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, after evaluating the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) as of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K, have concluded that, based on such evaluation, our disclosure controls and procedures were ineffective as of March 31, 2013 because of the material weaknesses described below.

Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act. Our internal controls over financial reporting are designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.

Because of inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. In addition, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Our management assessed the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting as of March 31, 2013 based on the framework in Internal Control-Integrated Framework, published by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Based on our assessment, we have concluded that our internal controls over financial reporting were not effective as of March 31, 2013 because of the material weaknesses identified below.

A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a more than remote likelihood that a material misstatement of the Company’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.

On September 13, 2012, Mandalay acquired Logia Group, a leading mobile content development and management solutions provider. For additional information regarding the acquisition, refer to Note 3 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements and Management’s Discussion of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included in Item 7 of this Annual Report. As permitted by SEC guidance, which allows for a one-year integration period, management has excluded the operations related to Logia Group from its assessment of Mandalay’s internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2013.

During management’s annual review of our internal control over financial reporting, we determined the following processes contain material weaknesses as of March 31, 2013:

Financial Close and Reporting Process

The Company did not maintain sufficient personnel and system resources throughout the year to ensure the financial reports of the Consolidated entity were complete, accurate, and timely. The procedures to review and consolidate the financial statements of recently acquired entities were not adequate to prevent or detect potential material misstatements at the consolidated financial statement level. In addition, the process of consolidating the accounts of the subsidiary companies is largely manual, enabled through an extensive use of spreadsheets, which may be susceptible to error and potentially increase in the number of post closing (“top-side”) adjustments identified through the financial reporting process. The complexity of the close and financial reporting process is compounded by the required conversion from Israeli-based GAAP to U.S. GAAP financial statements.

Management does not believe that any of our annual or interim financial statements issued to-date contain a material misstatement as a result of the aforementioned weaknesses in our internal controls. However, these material weaknesses related to the entity as a whole and affect all

 

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of our significant accounts and could result in a material misstatement to our annual or interim consolidated financial statements that would not be prevented or detected.

Our management is in the process of identifying the steps necessary to address the above material weakness existing as of March 31, 2013 described above, as follows:

 

  1. Hired an experienced Senior Accountant in February 2013 to assist the Principal Financial Officer to define and execute the control procedures over the review and consolidation of subsidiary companies.

 

  2. Engaged a financial consultant that serves as a liaison between the Board, senior management and the our registered public accounting firm;

 

  3. Conducting a comprehensive review of the accounting processes and implementing control procedures at the local entity level to ensure a timely and accurate close based on U.S. GAAP;

 

  4. Documenting, to standards established by senior accounting personnel and the Principal Financial Officer, the review and analysis and related conclusions with respect to complex, non-routine transactions; and

 

  5. Creating policy and guidelines to streamline the corporate reporting process as well as managing non-routine transactions.

These remediation efforts are expected be implemented during the fiscal year ending March 31, 2014.

This annual report does not include an attestation report of our registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management’s report was not subject to attestation by the Company’s registered public accounting firm pursuant to rules of the SEC that permit the Company to provide only management’s report in this annual report.

Changes in Internal Controls over Financial Reporting

There were no changes in our internal controls over financial reporting or in other factors identified in connection with the evaluation required by Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(d) or 15d-15(d) that occurred during the fiscal period ended March 31, 2013 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal controls over financial reporting.

 

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ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION

None.

 

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PART III

ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

The following table sets forth the names, ages and positions of our directors and executive officers as of June 28, 2013. Each director serves until removed or resigns, or a successor is elected. Officers serve at the discretion of the Board and subject to any employment agreements as set forth below.

 

Name    Age    Position(s)
Peter Adderton    46    Chief Executive Officer and Director
Lisa Higgins-Lucero    47    Principal Financial Officer and CFO of Twistbox Entertainment Inc.
Peter Guber    71    Chairman
Robert S. Ellin    48    Director
Paul Schaeffer    66    Director
Chris Rogers    55    Director
Jeff Karish    39    Director
Rob Deutschman    56    Director

Biographical information for our directors and executive officers are as follows:

Peter Adderton. Mr. Adderton has served as our Chief Executive Officer and as a Director on the Board since December 2011. Mr. Adderton founded Boost Mobile in 2000 and remains a Director and the largest shareholder of Boost Mobile Australia. Boost Mobile USA is one of the fastest growing mobile brands in its category with annual revenues over $1 billion and over five million subscribers. Boost Mobile USA was purchased by Nextel in 2004, and remains a wholly-owned subsidiary of Sprint Nextel. In 2005 Mr. Adderton also founded Amp’d Mobile, creating the first integrated mobile entertainment company targeted for youth, young professionals and early adopters. Amp’d Mobile filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in 2007.

Lisa Higgins-Lucero. Mrs. Higgins-Lucero serves as the Principal Finance Officer and Corporate Secretary of the Company and as Chief Financial Officer of Twistbox Entertainment, Inc. Mrs. Higgins-Lucero joined the Company in August 2007. She is responsible for all financial reporting and for the strategic planning and reporting of the Company’s operations. She works closely with all areas of the business to supervise finance aspects of each of the Company’s vertical revenue strategies. Mrs. Higgins-Lucero’s prior experience is in various finance roles with publicly traded manufacturing and engineering companies, including 12 years with Odetics, Inc., (now Iteris, Inc., NYSE Amex: ITI).

Peter Guber. Mr. Guber has served as Co-Chairman of our Board of Directors from August 2007 and currently serves as a Chairman of the Board. Mr. Guber is Chairman and CEO of the multimedia Mandalay Entertainment Group. Prior to Mandalay, Mr. Guber was Chairman and CEO of Sony Pictures Entertainment, Chairman and CEO of Polygram Entertainment, Co-Founder of Casablanca Record & Filmworks and President of Columbia Pictures. Mr. Guber produced or executive produced (personally or through his companies) films that garnered five Best Picture Academy Award nominations (winning for Rain Man) and box office hits that include The Color Purple, Midnight Express, Batman, Flashdance and The Kids Are All Right. Mr.Guber is the Owner and Co-executive Chairman of the NBA franchise, the Golden State Warriors. He is also a weekly entertainment and media analyst for Fox Business News and a full professor at UCLA. Mr. Guber serves on the board of directors of Demand Media, an online media publishing company (NYSE: DMD), and is Co-Founder of Geek Chic Daily, a daily email newsletter with inside information on technology & apps, video games, comics, TV & film. Mr. Guber is a noted author with works including “Inside The Deep” and “Shootout: Surviving Fame and (Mis)Fortune in Hollywood.” Mr. Guber wrote the cover article for the Harvard Business Review titled, “The Four Truths of the Storyteller” and has also authored op-ed pieces for the New York Times and the San Francisco Chronicle. Mr. Guber recently released his third book, “Tell To Win — Connect, Persuade, and Triumph with the Hidden Power of Story”, which became a #1 New York Times bestseller.

 

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Robert S. Ellin. Mr. Ellin has served on of our Board of Directors since 2005. Mr. Ellin has more than twenty years of investment and turnaround experience. Since 2004, he has served as Managing Director and Portfolio Manager of Trinad Capital, an activist hedge fund investing primarily in micro-cap and small-cap publicly traded companies. Prior to founding Trinad, Mr. Ellin was Founder and President of Atlantis Equities Inc., a private investment company. Founded in 1990, Atlantis actively managed an investment portfolio of small capitalization public companies, as well as select private company investments. Mr. Ellin played an active role in its investee companies including board representation, management selection, corporate finance and other advisory services. He spearheaded world-class investments in ThQ, Inc. (THQI), Grand Toys (GRIN), Forward Industries, Inc. (FORD), Majesco Entertainment (COOL), and iWon.com. Mr. Ellin also acquired S&S Industries, Inc. the largest manufacturer in the world of underwires which had strong partnerships with leading companies including Bally’s, Maidenform, and Sara Lee. Prior to Atlantis, he worked in Institutional Sales at LF Rothschild and was Manager of Retail Operations at Lombard Securities. Mr. Ellin is also a director of Infosearch Media, Inc. (ISHM.PK), a provider of search-targeted text and video content for the Internet. Mr. Ellin currently also sits the Board of Governors at Cedars-Sinai Hospital in Los Angeles, California. Mr. Ellin holds a Bachelor of Arts degree from Pace University.

Paul Schaeffer. Mr. Schaeffer has been a member of our Board of Directors since August 2007. He is the Vice Chairman, Chief Operating Officer and Co-Founder of Mandalay Entertainment Group. Along with Peter Guber, Mr. Schaeffer is responsible for all aspects of the motion picture and television business, focusing primarily on the corporate and business operations of those entities. Prior to forming Mandalay Entertainment, Mr. Schaeffer was the Executive-Vice President of Sony Pictures Entertainment (“SPE”), overseeing the worldwide corporate operations for SPE including Worldwide Administration, Financial Affairs, Human Resources, Corporate Affairs, Legal Affairs and Corporate Communications. Mr. Schaeffer is a member of the Academy of Motion Pictures, Arts, & Sciences. A veteran of 20 years of private law practice, Mr. Schaeffer joined SPE from Armstrong, Hirsch and Levine, where he was a senior partner working with corporate entertainment clients. He also spent time as an accountant with Arthur Young & Company in Philadelphia. He graduated from the University of Pennsylvania Law School and received his accounting degree from Pennsylvania State University. The Company considered Mr. Schaeffer to be a valuable resource when it selected him as a director based on having served for more than 5 years as the Chairman of the Finance Committee, and a member of the Board of Trustees of Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, where he also served as a chairman of its Audit Committee, and member of its Compensation Committee and Executive Committee for more than five years.

Chris Rogers. Mr. Rogers has been a member of our Board of Directors since May 2012. Mr. Rogers served as a Senior Vice President, Corporate Development and Spectrum, of Sprint Nextel Corporation, where he evaluated and executed strategic initiatives, including mergers, acquisitions, divestitures, equity investments and joint ventures within the mobile communication and e-commerce sectors. He also was responsible for management and oversight of wireless spectrum licenses and Sprint Nextel’s investment portfolio of emerging technology start-ups. Prior to its merger with Sprint in 2005, Mr. Rogers was Co-Founder and Senior Vice President of Nextel Communications, Inc. as well as Co-Founder of FleetCall Communications, the predecessor to Nextel Communications, and Founder and Chairman of Dispatch Communications, Inc., which was sold to Fleet Call/Nextel in 1993. Rogers holds a Juris Doctor in Communications Law and has served as a Director on multiple public and private company Boards and as a Director for several Washington, DC-based philanthropic organizations. The board appointed Mr. Rogers to serve as a director based on the entirety of his experience and skills, although the Board specifically noted his extensive communications expertise, particularly in strategy, mergers and acquisitions and licensing, and as well as his deep managerial and corporate development experience.

Jeffrey Karish. Mr. Karish joined our Board of Directors on May 23, 2013. Mr. Karish currently serves as President of Windsor Media, Inc., after having served as Executive Vice President and acting General Counsel of that company. Windsor Media’s principal lines of business include a private equity fund, a venture capital fund and fixed income management. Previously, Mr. Karish was Head of Media Strategy and Corporate Development at Yahoo!, Inc. Before Yahoo, he was a management consultant at McKinsey & Company, and a key member of McKinsey’s West Coast Media and Technology practice. Mr. Karish has been a director of the First Pactrust Bancorp, Inc. since 2011. Mr. Karish holds a Juris Doctor from Harvard University, a Masters of Philosophy in International Economics from Cambridge University and a Bachelor of Arts in History from the University of California Berkeley. The board appointed Mr. Karish to serve as a director based on the entirety of his experience and skills, although the Board specifically noted his extensive strategic and managerial expertise, and extensive background in media and corporate development.

Robert Deutschman. Mr. Deutschman has served as a Managing Director at Cappello Capital Corp., an investment banking firm, since 1999 and as Vice Chairman of Cappello Group, Inc. since 2008. Prior to joining Cappello, Mr. Deutschman was a Managing Director of Saybrook Capital Corp., and a Senior Vice President at Houlihan, Lokey. Mr. Deutschman holds a Bachelor of Arts degree from Haverford College, with honors, and a Juris Doctor from Columbia University School of Law, where he was a Harlan Fiske Stone scholar. Since 2004, Mr. Deutschman has served as the Vice Chairman of the Board of Directors of Enron Creditors Recovery Corp. (formerly Enron Corp.), a position he assumed upon Enron’s emergence from bankruptcy. Mr. Deutschman has also served on the Advisory Board of the RAND Center for Corporate Ethics and Governance since 2006 and has served as a director of MPG Office Trust, Inc. (NYSE: MPG) since 2011. The board of directors nominated Mr. Deutschman to serve as a director based on the entirety of his experience and skills, although the board noted specifically his extensive investment banking and financial experience and background in strategic advising, mergers and acquisitions and capital raising for institutions and private companies.

 

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Except as noted above, none of our directors has, during the past ten years, been involved in any legal proceedings described in subparagraph (f) of Item 401 of Regulation S-K.

Audit Committee

Our audit committee was established in accordance with Section 3(a)(58)(A) of the Exchange Act of 1934 and consists of Robert Deutschman, Paul Schaeffer and Chris Rogers. In May 2013, upon joining the Board of Directors, Mr. Deutschman replaced Mr Schaeffer as the Chairman of the committee. The Board of Directors has determined (1) that Mr. Deutschman qualifies as an “audit committee financial expert,” as defined by the SEC in Item 407(d)(5) of Regulation S-K; and (2) that all members of the Audit Committee are “independent” under the independence requirements of Marketplace Rule 5605(a)(2) of the NASDAQ Stock Market, Inc. and meet the criteria for independence as set forth in the Exchange Act. The committee met regularly during the course of the year, including regular meetings with our auditors, and monitored our compliance with our obligations under the assessment of internal control over financial reporting.

 

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Code of Conduct

The Board has established a corporate Code of Conduct which qualifies as a “code of ethics” as defined by Item 406 of Regulation S-K of the Exchange Act and applies to the Company’s principal executive officer, principal financial offer and all other officers directors and employees. Among other matters, the Code of Conduct is designed to deter wrongdoing and to promote:

 

   

honest and ethical conduct, including the ethical handling of actual or apparent conflicts of interest between personal and professional relationships;

 

   

full, fair, accurate, timely and understandable disclosure in our SEC reports and other public communications;

 

   

compliance with applicable governmental laws, rules and regulations;

 

   

prompt internal reporting of violations of the Code of Conduct to appropriate persons identified in the code; and

 

   

accountability for adherence to the Code of Conduct.

The Code of Conduct applies to all of the Company’s employees, including our principal executive officer and our principal financial and accounting officer, and all employees who perform these functions. A full text of our Code of Conduct is published on our website at www.mandalaydigital.com under the tab “Investor Relations.” If we amend our Code of Conduct as it applies to the principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer or controller (or persons performing similar functions) or grant a waiver from any provision of the code of conduct to any such person, we shall disclose such amendment or waiver on our website at www.mandalaydigital.com under the tab “Investor Relations.”

Section 16 Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance

Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act requires our officers, directors, and persons owning more than ten percent of a registered class of our equity securities (“ten percent stockholders”) to file reports of ownership and changes of ownership with the SEC. To the best of our knowledge, based solely on review of the copies of such reports and amendments thereto furnished to us, we believe that during the fiscal year ended March 31, 2013, all Section 16(a) filing requirements applicable to our officers, directors, and ten percent stockholders were met except for the following: (i) one Form 4 report was not timely filed by Trinad Capital Fund, Ltd. with respect to one transaction and (ii) one Form 4 report was not timely filed by the Guber Family Trust with respect to one transaction.

ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

SUMMARY COMPENSATION TABLE

The following table sets forth information concerning the total compensation paid during our fiscal year ended March 31, 2012, and our fiscal year ended March 31, 2013, for (i) our Chief Executive Officer, (ii) our other two most highly compensated executive officers who were serving as executive officers as of March 31, 2013, and (iii) one additional individual who is a former executive officer but was not serving as an executive officer at the end of the fiscal year ended March 31, 2013 (collectively, our “named executive officers”).

 

Position

   Fiscal
Year
Ended
   Salary
($)
     Bonus
($)
     Stock (1)
($)
     All Other
($)
     Total
($)
 

Peter Adderton (2)
Chief Executive Officer

   March 31, 2013
March 31, 2012
    
 
465,847
112,500
  
  
    

 

—  

125,000

  

  

    

 

—  

2,025,504

  

  

    
 
109,709
26,741
  
  
    
 
575,556
2,289,745
  
  

Robert Ellin (3)
Executive Chairman

   March 31, 2013
March 31, 2012
    
 
431,250
112,500
  
  
    

 

—  

—  

  

 

    

 

—  

3,110,515

  

  

    
 
76,666
20,000
  
  
    
 
507,916
3,243,015
  
  

Lisa Higgins-Lucero (4)
Principal Financial Officer and CFO of Twistbox Entertainment Inc.

   March 31, 2013
March 31, 2012
    
 
161,538
120,000
  
  
    

 

—  

34,000

  

  

    

 

—  

162,475

  

  

    
 
12,377
10,999
  
  
    
 
173,915
327,474
  
  

Dan L. Halvorson (5)
Chief Financial Officer and Principal Financial Officer

   March 31, 2013
March 31, 2012
    
 
111,282
—  
  
  
    

 

—  

—  

  

 

    

 

—  

—  

  

 

    

 

—  

—  

  

 

    
 
111,282
—  
  
  

 

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(1) The amounts in the “Stock” column reflect the aggregate grant date fair value of each restricted stock award computed in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718. Under ASC 718, for Messer’s. Adderton and Ellin we estimated the fair value of the restricted stock granted using the Monte Carlo pricing method model that values the restricted stock awards using various random hypothecations of stock price; securities issuances for services; securities issuances for capital raises and acquisitions. The primary assumptions used in this analysis are: Stock price ($0.61 as of December 28, 2011) is projected to fluctuate based on a future annual volatility of 100%; Average monthly stock issuances for services is projected at 100,000 shares with a standard deviation of 50,000 shares; Average monthly stock issuances for capital is projected at 200,000 shares with a standard deviation of 100,000 shares; Average monthly stock issuances for acquisitions is projected at 200,000 with a standard deviation of 100,000 shares; Acquisition share issuances were not assumed for the first 3 months; Market cap hurdles of $100 million and $200 million are based on maintaining those levels for 30 trading days; Dilutive share analysis included warrants, options, restricted stock grants and convertible debt with only fixed price conversion and exercise prices; and restricted stock discount of 36.1%, risk-free rate of 0.1% and dividend yield of 0%. Forfeiture rate was assumed to be 0% due to the lack of any service requirement related to these awards.

The amounts for other recipients in the “Stock” column was computed under ASC 718. We estimated the fair value of restricted stock using the Black-Scholes pricing model. The fair value for awards that are expected to vest is then amortized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the award, which is generally the vesting term. The amount of expense recognized represents the expense associated with the restricted stock we expect to ultimately vest based upon an estimated rate of forfeitures; this rate of forfeitures is updated as necessary and any adjustments needed to recognize the fair value of restricted stock that actually vest or are forfeited are recorded. Vesting schedules for unvested stock grants for each officer are described below under “Narrative Disclosure to Summary Compensation Table”.

 

(2) Mr. Adderton was appointed as our Chief Executive Officer on December 28, 2011 following a period of service as our interim Chief Executive Officer that began on July 15, 2011. Mr. Adderton was previously serving as an advisor to us and received a warrant to purchase 30,000 shares of our common stock at a per share price of $1.95 on September 27, 2010. Mr. Adderton was reimbursed $79,992 and $20,000 for his personal assistant in the years ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively. The reimbursement was paid through payment to Skycrest Ventures, LLC, and such amounts are disclosed under “All Other”.
(3) Mr. Ellin served as Executive Chairman of the Board of Directors from December 28, 2011 until April 15, 2013. Mr. Ellin also received $76,666 and $20,000 in the years ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively for a personal assistant that was reimbursed to Trinad Management, LLC, and such amounts are disclosed under “All Other”. Prior to his appointment as Executive Chairman, we were a party to a Management Agreement, dated September 14, 2006 with Trinad Management, LLC, the manager of Trinad Capital Master Fund, which is one of our principal stockholders. Mr. Ellin is the managing director of and portfolio manager for Trinad Management, LLC. Pursuant to the terms of the Management Agreement, Trinad Management, LLC provides certain management services, including, without limitation, relating to the sourcing, structuring and negotiation of a potential business combination involving the Company, for a fee of $90,000 per quarter.
(4) Ms. Higgins-Lucero began acting as our Principal Financial Officer on July 26, 2011 and again on December 26, 2012.
(5) Mr. Halvorson served as Chief Financial Officer from September 14, 2012 until December 26, 2012. Mr. Halvorson was granted 400,000 options that were to vest monthly over three years. The options vested on December 26, 2012 were forfeited on March 26, 2013.

 

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NARRATIVE DISCLOSURE TO SUMMARY COMPENSATION TABLE

Employment Agreement with Peter Adderton. On December 28, 2011, we entered into an employment agreement with Mr. Adderton as the Company’s Chief Executive Officer. Mr. Adderton’s employment agreement provides for a one-year term and an annual salary of $450,000, half of which was deferred until certain debt and/or equity financings were consummated. Such financings were consummated and Mr. Adderton has received his full salary since April 1, 2012 and received a lump sum payment for the portion of his salary that was deferred from December 28, 2011 to March 31, 2012 on April 9, 2012. Mr. Adderton was eligible to receive a special incentive bonus if certain debt and/or equity financings were consummated, and was also eligible to receive an annual cash bonus in the amount of 100% of his base salary, upon on the satisfaction of performance-related milestones to be agreed upon between Mr. Adderton and our board of directors. Under the contract, Mr. Adderton will also be reimbursed for the annual fee of a personal assistant of up to $80,000 per year during the term of his employment. That contract expired naturally on December 28, 2012 in accordance with its terms. Mr. Adderton continues to serve the Company in the same office and capacity, and for the same cash compensation and benefits as he was receiving under the agreement.

In December 2011, Mr. Adderton also received a grant of 1,807,500 shares of our restricted common stock that vest in three equal tranches upon the occurrence of the following events: (i) one or more debt or equity financings during the two years following the date of the agreement (the “Measurement Period”) with gross proceeds of at least $5 million; (ii) our achievement on any date during the Measurement Period of a total enterprise value (computed by multiplying the number of outstanding shares of common stock on a fully diluted (taking into account only those stock options that are in-the-money on such date), as-converted basis by the average daily trading price for common stock for the 30-trading day period immediately preceding the date of determination) of $100 million or more; and (iii) our achievement on any date during the Measurement Period of a total enterprise value (calculated as set forth in clause (ii) above) of $200 million or more; provided, however, that all unvested shares of restricted common stock will vest immediately upon the sale of all or substantially all of our assets, upon the merger or reorganization of our Company following which the equity holders immediately prior to the consummation of such merger or reorganization collectively own less than 50% of the voting power of the resulting entity, or upon the sale of our equity securities representing 50% or more of our voting power or 50% or more of the economic interest in us in a single transaction or in a series of related transactions. The first tranche of the grant of restricted common stock described above vested as of December 29, 2011 upon the funding of the $7 million financing from Adage Capital Partners, L.P.

Mr. Adderton is also entitled to receive additional performance bonuses, in cash or shares of common stock at Mr. Adderton’s election, upon our achievement of certain higher total enterprise values. All of Mr. Adderton’s shares of restricted common stock are subject to a one-year prohibition on transfer from the applicable vesting date.

During the fiscal year ended March 31, 2013, we did not grant Mr. Adderton any stock options or other equity compensation.

 

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Executive Chairman Agreement with Robert Ellin. On December 28, 2011, we entered into an executive chairman agreement with Mr. Ellin. Mr. Ellin’s executive chairman agreement provides for a one-year term and an annual fee of $450,000, half of which was deferred until certain debt and/or equity financings were consummated. Such financings were consummated, and Mr. Ellin has received his full fee since April 1, 2012 and received a lump sum payment for the portion of his fee that was deferred from December 28, 2011 to March 31, 2012 on April 6, 2012. Mr. Ellin was eligible to receive an annual incentive bonus in cash in an amount of up to one hundred percent (100%) of the annual fee based upon satisfaction of performance-related milestones to be agreed upon between Mr. Ellin and the other members of our board of directors. Mr. Ellin was also reimbursed for the annual fee of a personal assistant of up to $80,000 per year during the term of this executive chairman agreement. On December 28, 2012, the agreement with Mr. Ellin expired naturally. The Company continued to retain Mr. Ellin on the same cash terms, on an at-will basis until April 15, 2013 when such at-will cash retention ended. Mr. Ellin remains on the Board of Directors and is eligible to be awarded the same compensation that may be offered to other non-management directors.

In December 2011, Mr. Ellin also received three grants totaling 1,600,000 shares of our restricted common stock and vests as follows:

 

   

The first grant of 680,000 was granted under the executive chairman agreement and vests as follows: (i) one third vested upon the completion our most recent equity financing; (ii) one third shall vest if on any date during the term or within 12 months following the term, our total enterprise value equals or exceeds $100,000,000; and (iii) one third shall vest immediately if on any date during the term or within 12 months following the term our total enterprise value equals or exceeds $200,000,000; provided, however, that all unvested shares of restricted common stock shall vest immediately change of control. These shares may not be transferred for a period of one year from the vesting date.

 

   

The second grant of 720,000 shares was granted on December 28, 2011 and vested fully on the date of the grant. These shares may not be transferred for a period of two years from the date of grant.

 

   

The third grant of 200,000 shares was granted on December 28, 2011 and vest one year from the date of grant. These shares may not be transferred for a period of one year from the vesting date.

Mr. Ellin was also entitled to receive additional performance bonuses, in cash or shares of common stock at Mr. Ellin’s election, upon our achievement of certain higher total enterprise values.

During the fiscal year ended March 31, 2013, we did not grant Mr. Ellin any additional stock options or other equity compensation.

Employment Agreement with Lisa Higgins-Lucero. Ms. Higgins-Lucero joined us on August 27, 2007. Ms. Higgins-Lucero has a written employment contract with our wholly owned subsidiary Twistbox which provides for a bonus of up to 10% of her then base salary, at the discretion of management. She receives a base salary of $180,000 per year, payable in accordance with our payroll guidelines. She is eligible for a bonus at the discretion of our board of directors. During the fiscal year ended March 31, 2013, we did not grant Ms. Higgins-Lucero any stock options or other equity compensation. Effective January 3, 2012, we granted Ms. Higgins-Lucero 100,000 shares of restricted common stock, of which 50,000 vested immediately and 50,000 will vest upon the achievement of performance criteria at the Chief Executive Officer’s discretion and with the approval of the board of directors, however, all unvested shares will vest immediately upon the sale of all or substantially all of our assets, upon the merger or reorganization of our Company following which the equity holders immediately prior to the consummation of such merger or reorganization collectively own less than 50% of the voting power of the resulting entity, or upon the sale of our equity securities representing 50% or more of our voting power or 50% or more of the economic interest in us in a single transaction or in a series of related transactions.

Other than as described above, we have no plans or arrangements with respect to remuneration received or that may be received by our named executive officers to compensate such officers in the event of termination of employment (as a result of resignation, retirement, change of control) or a change of responsibilities following a change of control.

 

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OUTSTANDING EQUITY AWARDS AT MARCH 31, 2013

The following table presents information regarding outstanding options and unvested stock awards held by our named executive officers as of March 31, 2013.

 

    Option Awards     Stock Awards  

Name

  Number
of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Options

(#)
Exercisable
    Number
of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Options

(#)
Unexercisable
    Number
of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Unearned
Options

(#)
    Option
Exercise
Price $
    Option
expiration
date
    Number
of shares
or units
of stock
that have
not
vested  (#)
    Market
value of
shares or
units of
stock

that have
not
vested ($)
    Equity
incentive
plan
awards:
Number
of
unearned
shares,
units  or
other
rights
that have
not
vested (#)
    Equity
incentive
plan awards:
Market or
payout value
of  unearned
shares, units
or other
rights that
have not
vested ($)
 

Peter Adderton Chief
Executive Officer (1)

    —         —         —         —         —         1,235,000        1,519,563        —         —    

Robert Ellin
Executive Chairman (2)

   
 
100,000
—  
  
 
   

 

—  

—  

  

 

   

 

—  

—  

  

 

   
 
13.75
—  
  
 
   
 
6/18/18
—  
  
 
   
 
200,000
453,333
  
  
   
 
155,880
555,333
  
  
   

 

—  

—  

  

 

   

 

—  

—  

  

 

Lisa Higgins-Lucero
Principal Financial Officer and CFO of Twistbox Entertainment Inc. (3)

    1,951        —         —         4.05        10/9/17        50,000        232,500        —         —    

 

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(1) Effective December 28, 2011, we granted Mr. Adderton 1,807,500 shares of restricted common stock, one third of which vested as of December 29, 2011. The remaining 1,205,000 shares vest as described above under — “Narrative Disclosure to Summary Compensation Table — Employment Agreement with Peter Adderton.” Mr. Adderton also received a warrant to purchase 30,000 shares of our common stock at a per share price of $1.95 on September 27, 2010.
(2) Effective June 18, 2008, we granted Mr. Ellin 100,000 stock options. The stock options are exercisable at the exercise price of $13.75 per share until June 18, 2018. Effective December 28, 2011, we granted Mr. Ellin 1,600,000 shares of restricted stock, of which 946,667 shares have vested. The remaining 453,333 shares vest as described above under — “Narrative Disclosure to Summary Compensation Table — Executive Chairman Agreement with Robert Ellin.”
(3) Effective January 31, 2008, we granted Ms. Higgins-Lucero 1,951 stock options. The stock options are exercisable at the exercise price of $4.05 per share until October 9, 2017. Effective January 3, 2012, we also granted Ms. Higgins-Lucero 100,000 shares of restricted common stock, half of which were vested as of January 3, 2012. The remaining 50,000 shares vest as described above under — “Narrative Disclosure to Summary Compensation Table — Employment Agreement with Lisa Higgins-Lucero.”

DIRECTOR COMPENSATION

The following table presents information regarding compensation paid to our directors during the fiscal year ended March 31, 2013.

 

Name

   Fees Earned or
Paid in Cash
($)
     Stock Awards
($)(1)
     Option Awards
($)(1)
     All Other
Compensation ($)
     Total ($)  

Peter Guber (2)

     —          —          —          —          —    

Robert S. Ellin (3)

     —          —          —          —          —    

Paul Schaeffer (4)

     52,500         —          —          —          52,500   

Peter Adderton (5)

     —          —          —          —          —    

Chris Rogers (6)

     —          433,333         —          —          433,333  

Jeffrey Karish (7)

     —          —          —          —          —    

Robert Deutschman (8)

     —          —          —          —          —    

 

(1) The amounts in this column reflect the aggregate grant date fair value of each restricted stock award computed in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718. The fair value for awards that are expected to vest is then amortized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the award, which is generally the stock vesting term. The amount of expense recognized represents the expense associated with the stock we expect to ultimately vest based upon an estimated rate of forfeitures; this rate of forfeitures is updated as necessary and any adjustments needed to recognize the fair value of stock that actually vest or are forfeited are recorded.
(2) As of March 31, 2013, Mr. Guber held 100,000 options with an exercise price of $13.75 per share, and 200,000 shares of unvested restricted common stock.

 

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(3) Mr. Ellin was Executive Chairman of the Board of Directors from December 28, 2011 until April 15, 2013. His compensation for fiscal year 2013 is fully reflected in the “Summary Compensation Table” above. Mr. Ellin received no additional compensation for his service as a director.
(4) As of March 31, 2013, Mr. Schaeffer held 60,000 options with an exercise price of $13.75 per share, and 200,000 shares of unvested restricted common stock.
(5) Mr. Adderton was appointed as our interim Chief Executive Officer on July 15, 2011 and was appointed as our Chief Executive Officer on December 28, 2011. His compensation for fiscal year 2013 is fully reflected in the “Summary Compensation Table” above. Mr. Adderton received no additional compensation for his service as a director.
(6) As of March 31, 2013, Mr. Rogers held 86,667 shares of unvested restricted common stock.
(7) Mr. Karish was elected to our board of directors on May 23, 2013.
(8) Mr. Deutschman was elected to our board of directors on May 23, 2013.

NARRATIVE TO DIRECTOR COMPENSATION TABLE

Non-employee director compensation for a new director is determined on an ad hoc basis by the existing members of the board of directors at the time a director is elected.

 

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NARRATIVE DISCLOSURE OF COMPENSATION POLICIES AND PRACTICES AS THEY RELATE TO THE COMPANY’S RISK MANAGEMENT

We believe that our compensation policies and practices for all employees, including executive officers, do not create risks that are reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on us.

ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

As of June 28, 2013, there were approximately 20,448,224 shares of our common stock and 100,000 shares of preferred stock outstanding. The following table presents information regarding the beneficial ownership of our common stock and preferred stock as of such date by:

 

   

Each person who beneficially owns more than five percent of the outstanding shares of our common stock;

 

   

Each person who beneficially owns outstanding shares of our preferred stock;

 

   

Each director;

 

   

Each named executive officer; and

 

   

All directors and officers as a group.

 

Name of Beneficial Owner (1)

  Number of Shares
Beneficially Owned (2)
    Percentage
Owned (%)
 

Robert S. Ellin (3)

    6,092,859        25.4

Peter Guber (4)

    3,839,932        16.8

Adage Capital Partners LP (5)

    2,510,667        12.0

Peter Adderton (6)

    1,837,500        9.0

William C. Powers Trust (7)

    1,428,574        6.9

Paul Schaeffer (8)

    460,000        2.2

Lisa Higgins-Lucero (9)

    101,952        0.5

Christopher Rogers (10)

    86,667        0.4

Jeffrey Karish (11)

    60,000        0.3

Robert Deutschman (12)

    60,000        0.3

All directors and named executive officers as a group (8 individuals)

    12,538,909        47.5

 

(1) Except as otherwise indicated, the address of each of the following persons is c/o Mandalay Digital Group, Inc., 2811 Cahuenga Boulevard West, Los Angeles, CA 90068.
(2) Except as specifically indicated in the footnotes to this table, the persons named in this table have sole voting and investment power with respect to all shares of common stock shown as beneficially owned by them, subject to community property laws where applicable. Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission. In computing the number of shares beneficially owned by a person and the percentage ownership of that person, shares of common stock subject to options, warrants or rights held by that person that are currently exercisable or convertible or exercisable, convertible or issuable within 60 days of June 28, 2013, are deemed outstanding. Such shares, however, are not deemed outstanding for the purpose of computing the percentage ownership of any other person.
(3)

Trinad Capital Master Fund, Ltd. is the beneficial owner of 4,372,859 shares of common stock, which includes (a) 995,304 issued and outstanding shares of common stock, (b) 56,180 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants held by Trinad Capital Master Fund, Ltd., at an exercise price of $13.35 per share, (c) 2,321,375 (2,000,000 principal, 321,375 accrued interest) shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of a convertible note issued by us with an aggregate principal amount of $1,500,000 held by Trinad Capital Master Fund, Ltd. (at the time of conversion accrued interest will also be converted and increase total number of shares issued) and which is convertible at a price per share of $0.75, and (d) 1,000,000 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants held by Trinad Capital Master Fund, Ltd. at an exercise price of $1.25 per share. Trinad Management, LLC (as the manager of the Trinad Capital Master Fund, Ltd. and Trinad Capital LP) is deemed the beneficial owner of 4,472,859 shares of common stock which includes 4,372,859 shares of common stock held by Trinad Capital Master Fund, Ltd. and 20,000 shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of 100,000 shares of series A convertible preferred stock held by Trinad Management LLC, assuming conversion price $5.00 per share. Trinad Management, LLC disclaims beneficial ownership of the shares of common stock directly and beneficially owned by Trinad Capital Master Fund, Ltd. Robert S. Ellin, the managing director of and portfolio manager for Trinad Management, LLC and the managing director of Trinad Advisors II LLC is deemed the beneficial owner of 6,092,859 shares of common stock, which includes (i) 4,372,859 shares of common stock held by Trinad Capital Master Fund, Ltd., (ii) 20,000 shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of 100,000 shares of series A convertible preferred stock held by Trinad Management LLC, (iii) 1,600,000 issued and outstanding shares of common stock owned by Mr. Ellin, and (iv) options to purchase 100,000 shares of common stock owned by Mr. Ellin. Mr. Ellin disclaims beneficial ownership of the shares of common stock directly and

 

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  beneficially owned by Trinad Capital Master Fund, Ltd. except to the extent of his pecuniary interests therein. Trinad Capital LP (as the owner of 70.20% of the shares of Trinad Capital Master Fund, Ltd. as of March 31, 2013) and Trinad Advisors II, LLC (as the general partner of Trinad Capital LP), are each deemed the beneficial owner of (a) 3,696,377 shares of common stock (representing 84.53% of the shares of the 4,372,859 shares of common stock held directly, and not through a derivative security, by Trinad Capital Master Fund, Ltd.), (b) 56,180 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants held by Trinad Capital Master Fund, Ltd., at an exercise price of $13.35 per share, (c) 2,321,375 shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of a convertible note issued by us with an aggregate principal amount of $1,500,000 held by Trinad Capital Master Fund, Ltd., and (d) 1,000,000 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants held by Trinad Capital Master Fund, Ltd. at an exercise price of $1.25 per share. Trinad Advisors II, LLC disclaims beneficial ownership of the shares of common stock beneficially owned by Trinad Capital LP, except to the extent of its pecuniary interest therein. Each of the beneficial owners share the power to vote or to direct the vote and to dispose or to direct the disposition of common stock it or he may be deemed to beneficially own, except that Mr. Ellin has the sole power to vote or to direct the vote of 1,600,000 shares of vested and unvested stock owned by him and to dispose or to direct the disposition of 1,146,667 shares of fully vested common stock owned by him, and will have the power to vote or to direct the vote and to dispose or to direct the disposition of 100,000 shares of common stock underlying the options granted to Mr. Ellin on June 18, 2008 at an exercise price of $13.75 per share, upon their exercise.

 

(4) The Guber Family Trust (the “Trust”), of which Peter Guber serves as a trustee, is the beneficial owner of 3,839,932 shares of common stock, which consists of: (a) 1,469,502 issued and outstanding shares of common stock, (b) 56,180 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants at an exercise price of $13.35 per share, (c) 1,547,583 (1,333,333 principal, 214,250 accrued interest) shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of a convertible note issued by us with an aggregate principal amount of $1,000,000 (at the time of conversion accrued interest will also be converted and increase total number of shares issued) and which is convertible at a price per share of $0.75, and (d) 666,667 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants at an exercise price of $1.25 per share. Peter Guber disclaims beneficial ownership of the shares of common stock directly and beneficially owned by the Trust, except to the extent of his pecuniary interest therein. Mr. Guber directly owns 300,000 shares of common stock, which consists of 200,000 shares of fully vested common stock, and options to purchase 100,000 shares of our common stock, which options are fully vested. Mr. Guber, as trustee of the Trust, has the sole power to vote or to direct the vote and dispose or to direct the disposition of 3,539,932 shares of common stock. Mr. Guber shall have the sole power to vote or to direct the vote and to dispose or to direct the disposition of 100,000 shares of common stock underlying the options granted to Mr. Guber on June 18, 2008 at an exercise price of $13.75 per share, upon their exercise.
(5) Adage Capital Partners LP is the beneficial owner of 2,510,667 shares of common stock, which consists of 2,010,667 issued and outstanding shares of common stock, and 500,000 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants at an exercise price of $3.50 per share. Adage Capital Partners LP has the sole power to vote or to direct the vote and dispose or to direct the disposition of 2,510,667 shares of common stock. The address of Adage Capital Partners LP is 200 Clarendon Street, 52nd Floor, Boston, MA 02116.
(6) Peter A. Adderton is the beneficial owner of 1,837,500 shares of common stock, which consists of (a) 1,807,500 issued and outstanding shares of common stock and (b) 30,000 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants at an exercise price of $1.95 per share. Mr. Adderton has the sole power to vote or to direct the vote of 1,807,500 shares of common stock and to dispose or to direct the disposition of 602,500 shares of common stock (subject to a one-year prohibition on transfer from the applicable vesting date).
(7) The William C. Powers Trust dated 12/18/09 is the beneficial owner of 1,071,427 shares of common stock, which consists of 857,142 issued and outstanding shares of common stock, and 214,285 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants at an exercise price of $3.50 per share. The Powers Trust dated 12/18/09 is the beneficial owner of 357,143 shares of common stock, which consists of 285,714 issued and outstanding shares of common stock, and 71,429 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants at an exercise price of $3.50 per share. William C. Powers is the trustee of the William C. Powers Trust and has the sole power to vote or to direct the vote and dispose or to direct the disposition of 1,071,427 shares of common stock. William C. Powers and his wife, Carolyn Clark are the co-trustees of the Powers Trust and jointly have the power to vote or to direct the vote and dispose or to direct the disposition of 357,143 shares of common stock. The address of the trusts is 840 Newport Center Drive Newport Beach, CA 92660.
(8) Paul & Judy Schaeffer Living Trust is the beneficial owner of 200,000 shares of common stock. The securities indicated are held indirectly by Mr. Schaeffer through the Paul and Judy Schaeffer Living Trust for which he serves as a trustee. Mr. Schaeffer disclaims beneficial ownership of these securities except to the extent of his pecuniary interest therein. Mr. Schaeffer directly owns options to purchase 60,000 shares of our common stock, which options are fully vested, and 200,000 shares of fully vested shares of common stock Mr. Schaeffer will have the sole power to vote or to direct the vote and to dispose or to direct the disposition of 60,000 shares of common stock underlying the options granted to Mr. Schaeffer on June 18, 2008 at an exercise price of $13.75 per share, upon their exercise.

 

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(9) Lisa Higgins-Lucero is the beneficial owner of 101,952 shares of common stock, which consists of 100,000 issued and outstanding shares, and options to purchase 1,952 shares of common stock. Mrs. Higgins-Lucero has the sole power to vote or to direct the vote and dispose or to direct the disposition of 50,000 shares of fully vested common stock and has the sole power to vote or direct the vote of 50,000 unvested shares, and will have the sole power to vote or to direct the vote and to dispose or to direct the disposition of 1,952 shares of common stock underlying the options granted to Mrs. Higgins-Lucero on January 31, 2008 at an exercise price of $4.05 per share, upon their exercise.
(10) Christopher Rogers is the beneficial owner of 86,667 shares of common stock. Mr. Rogers has the sole power to vote or to direct the vote and will have the sole power to dispose or to direct the disposition of 86,667 shares of unvested vested common stock once it becomes vested.
(11) Jeffrey Karish has been granted 60,000 shares of restricted common units that vest on the one year anniversary of his joining the board. Mr. Karish has the sole power to vote or to direct the vote of such shares.
(12) Robert Deutschman has been granted 60,000 shares of restricted common units that vest on the one year anniversary of his joining the board. Mr. Deutschman has the sole power to vote or to direct the vote of such shares.

 

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ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

Mandalay Digital Group, Inc.

On April 12, 2013 the Company entered into Equity Financing Binding Term Sheets (the “Equity Agreements”), with Trinad Capital Master Fund, Ltd. (“Trinad”) and the Guber Family Trust (the “Guber Trust”) pursuant to which the Company agreed to issue a total of 285,714 shares of its common stock and warrants to purchase a total of 71,428 shares of its common stock (subject to adjustment), for a total purchase price of $1,000,000 in cash for both Equity Agreements. The warrants have an exercise price of $3.50 per share (subject to adjustment), a five year term, and may be exercised only following the first anniversary of the date of issuance. In addition, the Equity Agreements provide that (a) the Company will use its best efforts to file a registration statement covering the shares of common stock issued and the shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants within 120 calendar days after the date of the Equity Agreement and use its best efforts to cause the registration statement to become effective as soon as possible thereafter; and (b) each investor will have a right to participate in future financings by the Company (subject to standard exceptions) for a period of two years on a pro rata basis in accordance with his ownership interests in the Company (on a fully diluted basis assuming exercise of the applicable warrant).

Trinad Capital Master Fund is one of our principal stockholders and an affiliate of our director, Robert Ellin. The Guber Trust is one of our principal stockholders, and Peter Guber, the Company’s Chairman, serves as Trustee of the Guber Trust.

Senior Secured Convertible Notes

On June 21, 2010, we sold and issued $2,500,000 of Senior Secured Convertible Notes due June 21, 2013 (the “New Senior Secured Notes”) to certain significant stockholders, comprised of a $1,500,000 New Senior Secured Note sold and issued to Trinad Capital Master Fund and a $1,000,000 New Senior Secured Note sold and issued to the Guber Family Trust (the “Offering”). Trinad Capital Master Fund is one of our principal stockholders and an affiliate of our Executive Chairman, Robert Ellin. Peter Guber, our Chairman, serves as trustee of the Guber Family Trust. The New Senior Secured Notes have a three-year term and bear interest at a rate of 10% per annum payable in arrears semi-annually. Notwithstanding the foregoing, at any time on or prior to the 18th month following the original issue date of the New Senior Secured Notes, we may, at our option, in lieu of making any cash payment of interest, elect that the amount of any interest due and payable on any interest payment date on or prior to the 18th month following the original issue date of the New Senior Secured Notes be added to the principal due under the New Senior Secured Notes. The accrued and unpaid principal and interest due on the New Senior Secured Notes are convertible at any time at the election of the holder into shares of our common stock at a conversion price of $0.75 per share, subject to adjustment. The New Senior Secured Notes are secured by a first priority lien on substantially all of our and our subsidiaries’ assets. On June 20, 2013, the holders of the New Senior Secured Notes agreed to amend the New Senior Secured Notes to extend the June 21, 2013 Maturity Date of the notes. The Maturity Date was extended on an interim basis and then to July 9, 2013, the current Maturity Date, and the parties are discussing an additional extension or other satisfactory arrangement for the New Senior Secured Notes.

Each purchaser of a New Senior Secured Note also received a warrant (“Warrant”) to purchase shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $1.25 per share, subject to adjustment. For each $50,000 of New Senior Secured Notes purchased, the purchaser received a Warrant to purchase 33,333 shares of common stock. Each Warrant has a five-year term.

 

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Director Independence

Under the NASDAQ Stock Market Marketplace Rules, a director will only qualify as an independent director if, in the opinion of our Board, that person does not have a relationship that would interfere with the exercise of independent judgment in carrying out the responsibilities of a director. As of June 28, 2013, the independent directors of the Board were Paul Schaeffer, Chris Rogers, Jeffrey Karish, and Robert Deutschman is independent within the independence requirements of Marketplace Rule 5605(a)(2) of the NASDAQ Stock Market, Inc.

ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

Fees

Aggregate fees for professional services rendered to us by Singer Lewak, LLP, our independent registered public accounting firm engaged to provide audit for the fiscal years ended March 31, 2013 and March 31, 2012 were:

 

    

Year Ended

March 31, 2013

    

Year Ended

March 31, 2012

 

Audit fees

   $ 292,556       $ 277,004   

Audit related fees

        —     

Tax fees

        —     

All other fees

     35,886         —     

Total

   $ 328,442       $ 277,004   

Policy on Pre-Approval of Audit and Permissible Non-audit Services of Independent Auditors

Consistent with the SEC policies regarding auditor independence, our Board of Directors has responsibility for appointing, setting compensation and overseeing the work of the independent auditor. In recognition of this responsibility, our Board of Directors has established a policy to pre-approve all audit and permissible non-audit services provided by the independent auditor.

Prior to engagement of the independent auditor for the next year’s audit, management will submit an aggregate of services expected to be rendered during that year for each of the following four categories of services to the Board of Directors for approval.

1. Audit services include audit work performed in the preparation of financial statements, as well as work that generally only the independent auditor can reasonably be expected to provide, including comfort letters, statutory audits, and attest services and consultation regarding financial accounting and/or reporting standards.

2. Audit-Related services are for assurance and related services that are traditionally performed by the independent auditor, including due diligence related to mergers and acquisitions, employee benefit plan audits, and special procedures required to meet certain regulatory requirements.

3. Tax services include all services performed by the independent auditor’s tax personnel except those services specifically related to the audit of the financial statements, and includes fees in the areas of tax compliance, tax planning, and tax advice.

4. Other Fees are those associated with services not captured in the other categories.

Prior to engagement, the Board of Directors pre-approves these services by category of service. The fees are budgeted and the Board of Directors requires the independent auditor and management to report actual fees versus the budget periodically throughout the year by category of service. During the year, circumstances may arise when it may become necessary to engage the independent auditor for additional services not contemplated in the original pre-approval. In those instances, the Board of Directors requires specific pre-approval before engaging the independent auditor.

 

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The Board of Directors may delegate pre-approval authority to one or more of its members. The member to whom such authority is delegated must report, for informational purposes only, any pre-approval decisions to the Board of Directors at its next scheduled meeting.

Our Board of Directors pre-approved the retention of the independent auditors for all audit and audit-related services during fiscal 2013 and 2012.

PART IV

ITEM 15. EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

(a) The following documents are filed as part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

(1) Financial Statements: The list of financial statements required by this item is set forth in Item 8.

(2) Financial Statement Schedules: All financial statement schedules called for under Regulation S-X are not required under the related instructions, are not material or are not applicable and, therefore, have been omitted or are included in the consolidated financial statements or notes thereto included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

(3) Exhibits: See Item 15(b) below.

(b) The following documents are filed as exhibits to this Annual Report on Form 10-K or have been previously filed with the SEC as indicated and are incorporated herein by reference:

 

Exhibit
No.
   Description

  2.1

   Amended Disclosure Statement filed with the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York. 1

  2.2

   Amended Plan of Reorganization filed with the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York 1

  2.3

   Order Confirming Amended Plan of Reorganization issued by the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York. 1

  2.4

   Plan and Agreement of Merger, dated September 27, 2007, of NeuMedia Media, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and Mediavest, Inc., a New Jersey corporation. 2

  2.5

   Certificate of Merger merging Mediavest, Inc., a New Jersey corporation, with and into NeuMedia Media, Inc., a Delaware corporation, as filed with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware. 2

  2.6

   Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of December 31, 2007, by and among NeuMedia Media, Inc., Twistbox Acquisition, Inc., Twistbox Entertainment, Inc. and Adi McAbian and Spark Capital, L.P. 3

  2.7

   Amendment to Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of February 12, 2008, by and among NeuMedia Media, Inc., Twistbox Acquisition, Inc., Twistbox Entertainment, Inc. and Adi McAbian and Spark Capital, L.P. 4

  2.8

   Certificate of Ownership merging Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. into Neumedia, Inc., dated February 2, 2012 34

 

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  3.1    Certificate of Incorporation. 2

  3.2

   Certificate of Amendment of Certificate of Incorporation, dated August 14, 2012. 32

  3.3

  

Certificate of Amendment of Certificate of Incorporation, dated March 28, 2013. 33

  3.4

   Certificate of Correction of Certificate of Amendment, dated April 9, 2013. 33

  3.5

   Bylaws. 2

  3.6

   Certificate of Amendment of the Bylaws of NeuMedia, Inc., dated February 2, 2012. 28

  4.1

   Form of Warrant to Purchase Common Stock dated September 14, 2006. 5

  4.2

   Form of Warrant to Purchase Common Stock dated October 12, 2006. 6

  4.3

   Form of Warrant to Purchase Common Stock dated December 26, 2006. 7

  4.4

   Form of Warrant Issued to David Chazen to Purchase Common Stock dated August 3, 2006. 8

  4.5

   Form of Warrant issued to Investors, dated October 23, 2008. 9

  4.6

   Warrant dated September 23, 2009 issued to Vivid Entertainment, LLC and related Registration Right Agreement. 23

  4.7

   Form of Warrant issued to Investors, dated June 21, 2010. 25

  4.8

   Form of Senior Secured Convertible Note due July 9, 2013. 25

  4.9

   Amended and Restated Senior Subordinated Secured Note due June 21, 2013, by Twistbox Entertainment, Inc. in favor of ValueAct SmallCap Master Fund, L.P. 25

  4.10

   Form of Warrant Relating to Equity Financing Binding Term Sheet, dated as of March 1, 2012 34

  4.11

   Form of Warrant Relating to Equity Financing Binding Term Sheets, dated as of March 5, 2012 34

  4.12

   Amended and Restated Warrant Issue Agreement, dated January 1, 201134

  4.13

   Allonge to Warrant, dated January 1, 2011 34

10.1

   2007 Employee, Director and Consultant Stock Plan. 2†

10.1.1

   Form of Non-Qualified Stock Option Agreement. 2†

10.2

   Amendment to 2007 Employee, Director and Consultant Stock Plan. 4†

10.3

   Second Amendment to 2007 Employee, Director and Consultant Stock Plan. 10†

10.4

   Form of Restricted Stock Agreement. 11†

10.5

   Twistbox 2006 Stock Incentive Plan. 4†

10.6

   Form of Stock Option Agreement for Twistbox 2006 Stock Incentive Plan. 4†

10.7

   Loan Agreement with Trinad Capital Master Fund, Ltd., dated March 20, 2006. 12

10.8

   Form of Subscription Agreement between the Company and certain investors listed thereto dated September 14, 2006. 5

10.9

   Form of Subscription Agreement between the Company and certain investors listed thereto dated October 12, 2006. 6

10.10

   Series A Convertible Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement dated October 12, 2006 between the Company and Trinad Management, LLC. 6

10.11

   Form of Subscription Agreement between the Company and certain investors listed thereto dated December 26, 2006. 7

10.12

   Form of Subscription Agreement between the Company and certain investors listed thereto. 13

 

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10.13

   Securities Purchase Agreement, dated July 30, 2007, by and among Twistbox Entertainment, Inc., the Subsidiary Guarantors and ValueAct SmallCap Master Fund, L.P. 4

10.14

   Guarantee and Security Agreement, dated July 30, 2007 by and among Twistbox Entertainment, Inc., each of the Subsidiaries party thereto, the Investor party thereto and ValueAct SmallCap Master Fund, L.P. 4

10.15

   Control Agreement, dated July 30, 2007, by and among Twistbox Entertainment. Inc. and ValueAct SmallCap Master Fund, L.P. to East West Bank. 4

10.16

   Trademark Security Agreement, dated July 30, 2007, by Twistbox, in favor of ValueAct SmallCap Master Fund, L.P. 4

10.17

   Copyright Security Agreement, dated July 30, 2007, by Twistbox in favor of ValueAct SmallCap Master Fund, L.P. 4

10.18

   Guaranty given as of February 12, 2008, by Mandalay Media, Inc. to ValueAct SmallCap Master Fund, L.P. 4

10.19

   Termination Agreement, dated as of February 12, 2008, by and between Twistbox Entertainment, Inc. and ValueAct SmallCap Master Fund, L.P. 4

10.20

   Waiver to Guarantee and Security Agreement, dated February 12, 2008, by and between Twistbox Entertainment, Inc. and ValueAct SmallCap Master Fund, L.P. 4

 

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10.21

   Directory Agreement, dated as of May 1, 2003, between Vodafone Global Content Services Limited and The WAAT Corporation. 4

10.22

   Contract Acceptance Notice - Master Global Content Reseller Agreement by Vodafone Hungary Ltd. 4

10.23

   Master Global Content Agency Agreement, effective as of December 17, 2004, between Vodafone Group Services Limited and The WAAT Media Corporation. 4

10.24

   Letter of Amendment, dated February 27, 2007, by and between WAAT Media Corporation and Vodafone UK Content Services Limited. 4

10.25

   Content Schedule, dated December 17, 2004, by and between WAAT Media Corporation and Vodafone Group Services Limited. 4

10.26

   Contract Acceptance Notice - Master Global Content Agency Agreement by Vodafone D2 GmbH. 4

10.27

   Contract Acceptance Notice - Master Global Content Agency Agreement by Vodafone Sverige AB. 4

10.28

   Master Global Content Reseller Agreement, effective January 17, 2005, between Vodafone Group Services Limited and The WAAT Corporation. 4

10.29

   Contract Acceptance Notice - Master Global Content Agency Agreement by Vodafone New Zealand Limited. 4

10.30

   Contract Acceptance Notice - Master Global Content Agency Agreement by Vodafone España, S.A. 4

10.31

   Contract Acceptance Notice - Master Global Content Reseller Agreement by Vodafone UK Content Services LTD. 4

10.32

   Contract Acceptance Notice - Master Global Content Reseller Agreement by VODAFONE-PANAFON Hellenic Telecommunications Company S.A. 4

10.33

   Content Schedule, dated January 17, 2005, by and between WAAT Media Corporation and Vodafone Group Services Limited. 4

10.34

   Contract Acceptance Notice - Master Global Content Agency Agreement by Belgacom Mobile NV. 4

10.35

   Content Schedule, dated January 17, 2005, by and between WAAT Media Corporation and Vodafone Group Services Limited. 4

10.36

   Contract Acceptance Notice - Master Global Content Agency Agreement by Swisscom Mobile. 4

10.37

   Linking Agreement, dated November 1, 2006 between Vodafone Libertel NV and Twistbox Entertainment, Inc. 4

 

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10.38    Agreement, dated as of March 23, 2007, between Twistbox Entertainment, Inc. and Vodafone Portugal - COMUNICAÇÕES PESSOAIS, S.A 4

10.39

   Contract for Content Hosting and Services “Applications and Games Services,” effective August 27, 2007 between Vodafone D2 GmbH and Twistbox Games Ltd & Co. KG. 4

10.40

   Partner Agreement, dated August 27, 2007, by and between Vodafone D2 GmbH and Twistbox. 4

10.41

   Letter of Amendment, dated February 25, 2006 by and between WAAT Media Corporation and Vodafone UK Content Services Limited. 4

10.42

   Letter of Amendment, dated August 2007, by and between WAAT Media Corporation and Vodafone UK Content Services Limited. 4

10.43

   Content Schedule, dated December 17, 2004, by and between WAAT Media Corporation and Vodafone Group Services Limited. 4

10.44

   Consolidated financial statements of Twistbox Entertainment, Inc. for the fiscal years ended March 31, 2006 and March 31, 2007. 4

10.45

   Consolidated financial statements of Twistbox Entertainment, Inc. for the six months ended September 20, 2006 and September 30, 2007. 4

10.46

   Stock Purchase Agreement, by and among Mandalay Media, Inc., Jonathan Cresswell, Nathaniel MacLeitch and the shareholders of AMV Holding Limited signatories thereto, dated as of October 8, 2008. 15

10.47

   Amendment to the Stock Purchase Agreement, between Mandalay Media, Inc. and Nathaniel MacLeitch as the Sellers’ Representative, dated as of October 23, 2008. 9

10.48

   Securities Purchase Agreement, by and among Mandalay Media, Inc. and the investors set forth therein, dated as of October 23, 2008. 9

10.49

   Note, dated October 23, 2008, issued by Mandalay Media, Inc. to Nathaniel MacLeitch, as the Sellers’ Representative. 9

10.50

   Management Agreement dated September 14, 2006 between the Company and Trinad Management, LLC. 5

10.51

   First Amendment to Promissory Note, dated August 14, 2009, issued by Mandalay Media, Inc. to Nathaniel MacLeitch, as the Sellers’ Representative. 21

10.52

   Waiver to Senior Secured Note by and among Mandalay Media, Inc., Twistbox Entertainment, Inc. and ValueAct SmallCap Master Fund, L.P., dated as of January 25, 2010. 24

 

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10.53    Agreement, dated as of June 21, 2010, between ValueAct SmallCap Master Fund, L.P., NeuMedia, Inc., Jonathan Cresswell, Nathaniel MacLeitch, Robert Ellin, Trinad Management, LLC, Trinad Capital Master Fund, Ltd. and the Guber Family Trust. 25

10.54

   Mutual Release, dated as of June 21, 2010, among ValueAct SmallCap Master Fund, L.P., Antiphony (Management Holdings) Limited, Nathaniel MacLeitch, Jonathan Cresswell, NeuMedia, Inc., Twistbox Entertainment, Inc., Peter Guber, Robert Ellin, Paul Schaeffer, Adi McAbian, Richard Spitz, Ray Schaaf, Keith McCurdy, Russell Burke, James Lefkowitz and Trinad Management. 25

10.55

   Subordination Agreement, dated as of June 21, 2010, by and between Trinad Capital Master Fund, Ltd., and ValueAct SmallCap Master Fund, L.P., and each of NeuMedia, Inc. and Twistbox Entertainment, Inc. 25

10.56

   Deed Poll Release, dated as of June 21, 2010, between NeuMedia, Inc., Twistbox Entertainment, Inc., James Lefkowitz and Russell Burke. 25

10.57

   Non-Competition Agreement, dated as of June 21, 2010, among NeuMedia, Inc., Antiphony (Management Holdings) Limited, Jack Cresswell and Nate MacLeitch. 25

10.58

   Earn-Out Termination Letter Agreement, dated as of June 21, 2010, among ValueAct SmallCap Master Fund, L.P., NeuMedia, Inc., Jonathan Cresswell, Nathaniel MacLeitch and certain other parties. 25

10.59

   Amended and Restated Guaranty, dated as of June 21, 2010, by NeuMedia, Inc. to ValueAct SmallCap Master Fund, L.P. 25

10.60

   Letter Agreement, dated as of June 21, 2010, between ValueAct SmallCap Master Fund, L.P., NeuMedia, Inc., Rob Ellin and Trinad Management, LLC. 25

10.61

   Amended and Restated Guarantee and Security Agreement, dated as of June 21, 2010, among Twistbox Entertainment, Inc., NeuMedia, Inc. and each of its subsidiaries identified on Schedule I as being a subsidiary guarantor, the investors party thereto and ValueAct SmallCap Master Fund, L.P. 25

10.62

   Guarantee and Security Agreement, dated as of June 21, 2010, among Twistbox Entertainment, Inc., NeuMedia, Inc., each of the subsidiaries thereof party thereto, the investors party thereto and Trinad Capital Management, LLC. 26†

10.63

   Non-Qualified Stock Option Agreement, dated as of February 21, 2011, by and between Russell Burke and NeuMedia, Inc. 26†

 

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10.64    Non-Qualified Stock Option Agreement, dated as of February 21, 2011, by and between James Lefkowitz and NeuMedia, Inc. 26†

10.65

   Subordinated Convertible Promissory Note, dated December 23, 2011, made by NeuMedia, Inc. in favor of Adage Capital Management L.P. 29†

10.66

   Warrant, dated December 23, 2011, made by NeuMedia, Inc. in favor of Adage Capital Management L.P. 29†

10.67

   Letter Agreement, dated December 23, 2011, made by and between NeuMedia, Inc. and Adage Capital Management L.P. 29†

10.68

   Letter Agreement, dated December 28, 2011, made by and between NeuMedia, Inc. and Trinad Management, LLC. 29†

10.69

   Second Amended and Restated Senior Subordinated Secured Note due June 21, 2013, made by Twistbox Entertainment, Inc. in favor of Taja, LLC. 29†

10.70

   Restricted Stock Agreement, dated January 1, 2011.*

10.71

   Employment Agreement, dated as of December 28, 2011, by and between NeuMedia, Inc. and Peter Adderton. (27)†

10.72

   Asset Purchase Agreement, dated as of December 28, 2011, by and among Digital Turbine, Inc., Digital Turbine Group, LLC, Peter Adderton and Fred Golding. (27)

10.73

   Executive Chairman Agreement, dated as of December 28, 2011, by and between NeuMedia, Inc. and Robert Ellin. (27) †

10.74

   Convertible Note Financing Binding Term Sheet, effective March 1, 2012 with TAJA, LLC.*

10.75

   Convertible Note Financing Binding Term Sheet, effective March 1, 2012 with Adage Capital Partners, L.P.*

10.76

   Form of Equity Financing Binding Term Sheet, effective as of March 1, 2012*

10.77

   Form of Equity Financing Binding Term Sheet, dated as of March 5, 2012*

10.78

   Form of Indemnification with Directors and Executive Officers. (30) †

10.79

   Restricted Stock Agreement, dated December 28, 2011, between Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. and Peter Adderton, for 9,037,500 shares of common stock. (31) †

10.80

   Restricted Stock Agreement, dated December 28, 2011, between Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. and Robert Ellin, for 3,600,000 shares of common stock. (31) †

10.81

   Restricted Stock Agreement, dated December 28, 2011 between Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. and Robert Ellin, for 3,400,000 shares of common stock. (31) †

10.82

   Restricted Stock Agreement, dated December 28, 2011, between Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. and Robert Ellin, for 1,000,000 shares of common stock. (31) †

10.83

   Amendment to Restricted Stock Agreement, dated May 18, 2012, between Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. and Peter Adderton. (31) †

10.84

   Amendment to Restricted Stock Agreements, dated May 18, 2012, between Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. and Robert Ellin. (31) †

10.85

   Amended and Restated 2011 Equity Incentive Plan of Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. (31)

10.86

   Amended and Restated 2011 Equity Incentive Plan Notice of Grant and Restricted Stock Agreement of Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. (31)

10.87

   Amended and Restated 2011 Equity Incentive Plan Notice of Grant and Stock Option Agreement of Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. (31)

10.88

   Form of Equity Financing Binding Term Sheet, dated as of June 7, 2012. 34

10.89

   Form of Equity Financing Binding Term Sheet, dated as of December 13, 2012. 35

10.90

   Employment Agreement, dated as of September 16, 2012, by and between Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. and William Stone. 36

10.91

   Share Purchase Agreement, dated August 11, 2012, as amended by a first amendment thereto, dated September 13, 2012 among Mandalay Digital Group, Inc., MDG Logia Holdings, Ltd., Logia Group, Ltd., and S.M.B.P. IGLOO Ltd. 37

10.92

   Registration Rights and Lock Up Agreement, dated September 13, 2012, among Mandalay Digital Group, Inc., MDG Logia Holdings, Ltd., Logia Group, Ltd., and S.M.B.P. IGLOO Ltd. 37

10.93

   Separation and Release Agreement, dated April 12, 2012 between the Company and David Mandell. 38

21

   List of Subsidiaries *

31.1

   Certification of Peter Adderton, Principal Executive Officer. *

 

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31.2    Certification of Lisa Higgins-Lucero, Principal Financial Officer. *

32.1

   Certification of Peter Adderton, Principal Executive Officer pursuant to U.S.C. Section 1350. *

32.2

   Certification of Lisa Higgins-Lucero, Principal Financial Officer pursuant to U.S.C. Section 1350. *

101

   SCH XBRL Schema Document.*

101

   INS XBRL Instance Document.*

101

   CAL XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.*

101

   LAB XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.*

101

   PRE XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.*

101

   DEF XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.*

 

* Filed herewith
 

Management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement

(1) Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-KSB (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on December 2, 2005.
(2) Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on November 14, 2007.
(3) Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on January 2, 2008.
(4) Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on February 12, 2008.
(5) Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on September 20, 2006.
(6) Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on October 18, 2006.
(7) Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on January 3, 2007.
(8) Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on August 9, 2006.
(9) Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on October 27, 2008.
(10) Incorporated by reference to our Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on March 28, 2008.
(11) Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on March 20, 2009.
(12) Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on March 23, 2006.
(13) Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on July 30, 2007
(14) Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on July 3, 2007.
(15) Incorporated by reference to our Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on October 15, 2008.
(16) Incorporated by reference to our Registrant’s Transition Report on Form 10-KT (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on July 15, 2008.
(17) Incorporated by reference to our Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on May 16, 2007.
(18) Incorporated by reference to our Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on June 2, 2008.

 

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(19) Incorporated by reference to our Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on February 23, 2009.
(20) Incorporated by reference to our Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on June 4, 2009.
(21) Incorporated by reference to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on August 14, 2009.
(22) Incorporated by reference to our Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on October 14, 2009.
(23) Incorporated by reference to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on November 16, 2009.
(24) Incorporated by reference to our Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on January 28, 2010.
(25) Incorporated by reference to our Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on June 23, 2010.
(26) Incorporated by reference to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on February 22, 2011.

 

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(27) Incorporated by reference to our Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039 ), filed with the Commission on January 4, 2012.
(28) Incorporated by reference to our Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on February 7, 2012.
(29) Incorporated by reference to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (File No. 000-10039 ), filed with the Commission on February 24, 2012.
(30) Incorporated by reference to our Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039 ), filed with the Commission on May 10, 2012.
(31) Incorporated by reference to our Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on May 30, 2012.
(32) Incorporated by reference to Appendix B of the Registrant’s Definitive Information Statement on Form 14-C (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on July 10, 2012.
(33) Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on April 18, 2013.
(34) Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on June 26, 2012.
(35) Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on February 14, 2013.
(36) Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on September 20, 2012.
(37) Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on November 19, 2012.
(38) Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (File No. 000-10039), filed with the Commission on August 14, 2012.

(c) Financial Statement Schedules. Reference is made to Item 15(a)(2) above.

 

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Table of Contents

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

    Mandalay Digital Group, Inc.
Dated: July 2, 2013    
    By:  

/s/ Peter Adderton

     

Peter Adderton

Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

Dated: July 2, 2013    
    By:  

/s/ Lisa Higgins-Lucero

     

Lisa Higgins-Lucero

Chief Financial Officer, Twistbox Entertainment, Inc. (Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)

 

88


Table of Contents

Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries

(formerly known as NeuMedia, Inc.)

Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2013

 

     Page(s)  

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2013 and March 31, 2012

     F-3   

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended March 31, 2013 and March 31, 2012

     F-4   

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity and Comprehensive Loss for the years ended March  31, 2013 and March 31, 2012

     F-5   

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended March 31, 2013 and March 31, 2012

     F-6   

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

     F-7 to F-44   

 

F- 1


Table of Contents

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders

Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. and subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company”) as of March 31, 2013 and 2012, and the related consolidated statements of operation, stockholders’ equity and comprehensive loss, and cash flows for the years then ended. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of March 31, 2013 and 2012, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 2 to the financial statements, the Company has suffered recurring losses from operations and its total liabilities exceed its total assets. This raises substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 2. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 2 to the financial statements, the Company has suffered recurring losses from operations, negative cash flows from operations, and its current liabilities exceed its current assets. This raises substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 2. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

/s/ SingerLewak LLP

Los Angeles, California

July 1, 2013

 

F- 2


Table of Contents

Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries

(formerly known as NeuMedia, Inc.)

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

     March 31,
2013
    March 31,
2012
 

ASSETS

    

Current assets

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 1,149      $ 8,799   

Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $130 and $108, respectively

     1,995        1,190   

Deposits

     563        —     

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     285        120   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

     3,992        10,109   

Property and equipment, net

     148        230   

Intangible assets, net

     4,757        817   

Goodwill

     3,588        3,640   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL ASSETS

   $ 12,485      $ 14,796   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

    

Current liabilities

    

Accounts payable

   $ 3,783      $ 3,051   

Accrued license fees

     669        1,155   

Accrued compensation

     692        582   

Current portion of long term debt, less discount of $726 and $0, respectively

     3,777        75   

Warrant derivative liabilities

     —         452   

Deferred tax liabilities

     134        —     

Other current liabilities

     704        705   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     9,655        6,020   

Long term secured note, less discount of $0 and $2,147, respectively

     1,252        3,077   

Long term contingent liability, less discount of $159 and $0, respectively

     841        —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

   $ 11,748      $ 9,097   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity

    

Preferred stock Series A convertible preferred stock at $0.0001 par value; 2,000,000 shares authorized, 100,000 issued and outstanding (liquidation preference of $1,000,000)

     100        100   

Common stock, $0.0001 par value: 200,000,000 shares authorized; 19,222,493 issued and 18,467,894 outstanding at March 31, 2013; 16,701,389 issued and 15,946,789 outstanding at March 31, 2012;

     7        7   

Additional paid-in capital

     142,571        133,300   

Treasury Stock (754,600 shares at March 31, 2013 and 2012)

     (71     (71

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (266     (194

Accumulated deficit

     (141,604     (127,443
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

     737        5,699   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

   $ 12,485      $ 14,796   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

F- 3


Table of Contents

Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries

(formerly known as NeuMedia, Inc.)

Consolidated Statements of Operations

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 

     12 Months
Ended
March  31,

2013
    12 Months
Ended
March  31,

2012
 

Net revenues

   $ 6,025      $ 7,230   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cost of revenues

    

License fees

     963        2,643   

Other direct cost of revenues

     1,648        230   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total cost of revenues

     2,611        2,873   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit

     3,414        4,357   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating expenses

    

Product development

     1,712        2,154   

Sales and marketing

     971        873   

General and administrative

     11,992        13,013   

Impairment of intangible assets

     —          2,319   

Impairment of goodwill

     1,119        2,969   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

     15,794        21,328   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loss from operations

     (12,380     (16,971

Interest and other income / (expense)

    

Interest income/ (expense)

     (1,883     (12,497

Foreign exchange transaction gain / (loss)

     (7     (94

Change in fair value of accrued derivative liabilities gain / (loss)

     (22     (4,447

Loss on extinguishment of debt

     —          2,004   

Gain / (loss) on settlement of debt

     337        1,393   

Gain / (loss) on disposal of fixed assets

     (33     15   

Loss on change on valuation of long term contingent liability

     (83     —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Interest and other expense

     (1,691     (13,626
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loss from operations before income taxes

     (14,071     (30,597

Income tax provision

     90        (110
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loss from continuing operations, net of taxes

     (14,161     (30,707

Other comprehensive (loss) / income:

    

Foreign currency translation adjustment

     (72     97   

Comprehensive (loss) / income

   $ (14,233   $ (30,610
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic and diluted net income / (loss) per common share

   $ (0.80   $ (3.11
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding, basic and diluted

     17,631        9,884   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

F- 4


Table of Contents

Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries

(formerly known as NeuMedia, Inc.)

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity and Comprehensive Loss

(In thousands, except share amounts)

 

                                              Accumulated              
                                  Additional     Other              
    Common Stock     Preferred Stock     Treasury Stock     Paid-In     Comprehensive     Accumulated        
    Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Capital     Income/(Loss)     Deficit     Total  

Balance at March 31, 2011

    8,254,845      $ 4        100,000      $ 100        754,600      $ (71   $ 99,612      $ (291   $ (96,736   $ 2,618   

Net loss

                    (30,707     (30,707

Foreign currency translation gain

                  97          97   

Issuance of common stock as part of compensation

    69,449                  69            69   

Issuance of restricted stock for services

    4,790,000        2                6,666            6,668   

Issuance of warrants to vendor for services rendered

                133            133   

Issuance of warrants related to convertible debt

                4,374            4,374   

Issuance of restricted stock for acquisition of assets

    10,000                 31            31   

Reclassification of derivative liabilities

                9,034            9,034   

Issuance of common stock for cash

    771,429                 2,700            2,700   

Issuance of restricted stock as part of compensation

    275,000                 568            568   

Convertible debt converted to stock

    2,530,667        1               10,113            10,114   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at March 31, 2012

    16,701,389      $ 7        100,000      $ 100        754,600      $ (71   $ 133,300      $ (194   $ (127,443   $ 5,699   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loss

                    (14,161     (14,161

Foreign currency translation loss

                  (72       (72

Issuance of restricted stock for services

    344,098                  4,358            4,358   

Issuance of warrants to vendor for services rendered

    73,002                 555            555   

Vesting of options issued to employee

                116            116   

Vesting of shares issued to employee

    300,000                  371            371   

Issuance of common stock for cash

    728,571                  2,550            2,550   

Issuance of common stock related to acquisition

    187,500                  788            788   

Issuance of common stock as deposit of pending acquisition

    133,334                  533            533   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at March 31, 2013

    18,467,894      $ 7        100,000      $ 100        754,600      $ (71   $ 142,571      $ (266   $ (141,604   $ 737   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

F- 5


Table of Contents

Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries

(formerly known as NeuMedia, Inc.)

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In thousands)

 

     Year Ended     Year Ended  
     March 31,     March 31,  
     2013     2012  

Cash flows from operating activities

    

Net (loss)/income

   $ (14,161   $ (30,707

Adjustments to reconcile net income/(loss) to net cash used in operating activities:

    

Depreciation and amortization

     646        429   

Loss on extinguishment of debt

     —          (2,004

Amortization of debt discount

     1,420        9,709   

Interest accrued

     290        —    

PIK Interest

     151        575   

Allowance for doubtful accounts

     22        (12

Finance costs

     —          1,194   

Fair value of financing costs related to conversion options

     —         1,255   

Stock-based compensation

     487        —    

Impairment of goodwill and intangibles

     1,119        5,288   

Warrants issued for services

     555        133   

Stock and stock options issued for services

     3,079        7,302   

Settlement of debt with a supplier

     (337     (1,393

Loss on fair value of contingent liability

     (83     —    

Increase / (decrease) in fair value of derivative liabilities

     22        4,447   

Loss on disposal of leasehold improvements

     41        —    

(Increase) / decrease in assets:

    

Accounts receivable

     (260     1,521   

Deposits

     (510     —     

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     377        176   

Increase / (decrease) in liabilities:

    

Accounts payable

     513        637   

Accrued license fees

     (421     (34

Accrued compensation

     110        211   

Other liabilities and other items

     75        (556
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in operating activities

     (6,865     (1,829
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities

    

Purchase of property and equipment

     (12     (17

Cash used in acquisition of subsidiary

     (3,416 )     —     

Cash acquired with acquisition of subsidiary

     59        —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (3,369     (17
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities

    

Proceeds from new convertible debt

     —         7,000   

Issuance of shares for cash

     2,550        2,700   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

     2,550        9,700   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

     34        100   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

     (7,650     7,954   

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

     8,799        845   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

   $ 1,149      $ 8,799   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

    

Taxes paid

   $ 34      $ 119   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:

    

Conversion of convertible note and interest to shares of common stock

   $        $ 8,852   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Issuance of warrants with convertible debenture

   $ `      $ 4,636   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Beneficial conversion feature associated with convertible debenture

   $        $ 8,915   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Reclassify derivative liability to additional paid in capital

   $        $ 13,786   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Contingency earn out on acquisition of subsidiary, net of discount

   $ 841      $ —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Common stock of the Company issued for pending acquisition of an asset

   $ 533      $ —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Common stock of the Company issued for acquisition of subsidiary

   $ 788      $ —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Exercise of warrants to purchase common stock of the Company

   $ 474      $ —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

F- 6


Table of Contents

Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries

(formerly known as NeuMedia, Inc.)

Notes to Audited Consolidated Financial Statements

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

1. Organization

Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. (“we”, “us”, “our”, the “Company” or “Mandalay Digital”), formerly NeuMedia, Inc. (“NeuMedia”), formerly Mandalay Media, Inc. (“Mandalay Media”) and formerly Mediavest, Inc. (“Mediavest”), was originally incorporated in the state of Delaware on November 6, 1998 under the name eB2B Commerce, Inc. On April 27, 2000, it merged into DynamicWeb Enterprises Inc., a New Jersey corporation, the surviving company, and changed its name to eB2B Commerce, Inc. On April 13, 2005, the Company changed its name to Mediavest, Inc. Through January 26, 2005, the Company and its former subsidiaries were engaged in providing business-to-business transaction management services designed to simplify trading between buyers and suppliers. The Company was inactive from January 26, 2005 until its merger with Twistbox Entertainment, Inc., February 12, 2008. On September 14, 2007, Mediavest was re-incorporated in the state of Delaware as Mandalay Media, Inc. On May 11, 2010 the Company merged with a wholly-owned, newly formed subsidiary, changing its name to NeuMedia, Inc. On February 6, 2012, the Company merged with a wholly-owned, newly formed subsidiary, changing its name to Mandalay Digital Group, Inc.

Twistbox is a global publisher and distributor of branded entertainment content and services primarily focused on enabling the development, distribution and billing of content across mobile networks. Twistbox publishes and distributes its content in a number of countries. Since operations began in 2003, Twistbox has developed an intellectual property portfolio that includes mobile rights to global brands and content from film, television and lifestyle media companies. Twistbox has built a proprietary mobile publishing platform that includes: tools that automate device management for the distribution and billing of images and video; a mobile games development and distribution platform that automates the porting of mobile games and applications to multiple handsets; and a content standards and ratings system globally adopted by major wireless carriers to assist with the responsible deployment of age-verified content. Twistbox has distribution and service agreements with many of the largest mobile operators in the world.

Twistbox is headquartered in the Los Angeles area and has offices in Europe that provide local sales and marketing support for both mobile operators and third party distribution in their respective regions.

On October 23, 2008 the Company completed an acquisition of 100% of the issued and outstanding share capital of AMV Holding Limited, a United Kingdom private limited company (“AMV”), and 80% of the issued and outstanding share capital of Fierce Media Ltd (“Fierce”).

AMV marketed branded services through a unique Customer Relationship Management platform that drove revenue through mobile internet, print and TV advertising. AMV was headquartered in Marlow, outside of London in the United Kingdom.

 

F- 7


Table of Contents

Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries

(formerly known as NeuMedia, Inc.)

 

On May 10, 2010, an administrator was appointed over AMV Holding Limited in the UK, at the request of the Company’s senior debt holder. As from that date, AMV and its subsidiaries are considered to be a discontinued operation. AMV and its subsidiaries were subsequently disposed, as set out in Note 9 below.

On May 11, 2010, Mandalay Media merged into its wholly-owned, newly formed subsidiary, NeuMedia Inc. (“NeuMedia”), with NeuMedia as the surviving corporation. NeuMedia issued: (1) one new share of common stock in exchange for each share of Mandalay Media’s outstanding common stock and (2) one new share of preferred stock in exchange for each share of Mandalay Media’s outstanding preferred stock as of May 11, 2010. NeuMedia’s preferred and common stock had the same status and par value as the respective stock of Mandalay Media and NeuMedia acceded to all the rights, acquired all the assets and assumed all of the liabilities of Mandalay Media.

On June 21, 2010, the Company signed and closed an agreement whereby ValueAct and the AMV Founders, acting through a newly formed company, acquired the operating subsidiaries of AMV (the “Assets”) in exchange for the release of $23,231 of secured indebtedness, comprising of a release of all amounts due and payable under the AMV Note and all of the amounts due and payable under the ValueAct Note (as defined below) except for $3,500 in principal. The Company retained all assets and liabilities of Twistbox and the Company.

On December 28, 2011, the Company issued 10,000 shares of the Company’s common stock as part of the consideration for in exchange for the assets of Digital Turbine Group, LLC, the developer of Digital Turbine (“DT”), a technology platform that allows media companies, mobile carriers, and their OEM handset partners to take advantage of multiple mobile operating systems across multiple networks, and offers solutions that allow them to maintain their own branding and personalized, one-to-one relationships with each end-user. DT’s cross-platform user interface and multimedia management system for carriers and OEMs can be integrated with different operating systems to provide a more organized and unified experience for end-users of mobile content across search, discovery, billing, and delivery. Other aspects of the platform, such as a smart content discovery toolbar, allows carriers and OEMs to control the data presented to their users while giving the end-user a more efficient way of finding and purchasing the desired content.

On July 27, 2012, the Company set up a wholly-owned Israeli acquisition/holding company, M.D.G. Logia Holdings LTD (“MDG”).

On August 15, 2012, the Company amended its charter with the state of Delaware to increase its total number of shares of common stock of the Company to 200,000,000 and preferred shares of the Company to 2,000,000.

On September 13, 2012, the Company completed an acquisition of 100% of the issued and outstanding share capital of three operating subsidiaries of Logia Group Ltd (“Sellers”) (Logia Content Development and Management Ltd. (“Logia Content”), Volas Entertainment Ltd. (“Volas”) and Mail Bit Logia (2008) Ltd. (“Mail Bit”), (collectively, the “Targets”)). In addition, the Company, by assignment to the acquisition entity, M.D.G. Logia Holdings Ltd (“MDG”), acquired the assets of LogiaDeck Ltd (an affiliate of the Seller, “LogiaDeck”), comprised of the “LogiaDeck” software, which the Company has rebranded “Ignite”, and certain operator and other contracts related to the business of the Logia companies that were originally entered into by the Sellers. Pursuant to the Logia purchase agreement, Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. purchased 23% of the outstanding shares of the Targets and MDG purchased 77% of such shares. On November 7, 2012, Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. contributed all of its shares of the Targets to MDG pursuant to a Contribution Agreement among Mandalay Digital Group, Inc., Digital Turbine Group, Inc. and MDG. The acquired business of the Targets and Ignite are collectively referred to as “Logia” in this annual report.

Logia is a mobile content development and management solutions provider of innovative mobile monetization solutions. It provides solutions for top-tier mobile operators and content providers, including device application management solutions, white label app and media stores, app-based value added services, and mobile social music and TV offerings.

On March 28, 2013 and April 9, 2013, the Company filed a Certificate of Amendment and Certificate of Correction of Certificate of Amendment of its Certificate of Incorporation (the “Certificate of Incorporation”), with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware, to effect a 1-for-5 reverse stock split of our common stock (the “Reverse Stock Split”). The Certificate of Amendment, as corrected, became effective as of April 12, 2013.

As a result of the Reverse Stock Split, every five (5) shares of our pre-Reverse Stock Split common stock were combined and reclassified into one (1) share of our common stock. Our post-Reverse Stock Split common stock began trading on April 15, 2013 with a new CUSIP number of 562562-207. The Reverse Stock Split did not change the authorized number of shares or the par value of our common stock.

On April 12, 2013, the Company, through its indirect wholly owned subsidiary organized under the laws of Australia, Digital Turbine Australia Pty Ltd (“DT Australia”), acquired all of the issued and outstanding stock of Mirror Image International Holdings Pty Ltd (“MIAH”). MIAH owns direct or indirect subsidiaries Mirror Image Access (Australia) Pty Ltd (MIA), MIA Technology Australia Pty Ltd (MIATA) and MIA Technology IP Pty Ltd (together the MIAH, the “MIA Group”). The acquired business of the MIA Group is referred to as “MIA” in this annual report.

MIA is a leading mobile solutions provider based in Australia. MIA has extensive content licenses with major brands, as well as a proprietary content management and billing integration system (“Sphere”). MIA enables experiences on connected devices by enabling the delivery of content and applications to multiple devices, across any network, in any format. The Sphere platform enables carriers, media companies and brands to work together.

 

2. Liquidity

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, which contemplate continuation of the Company as a going concern. As reflected in the accompanying consolidated financial statements, the Company has losses from operations, negative cash flows from operations, and current liabilities exceed current assets. These conditions raise doubt as to the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

 

F- 8


Table of Contents

Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries

(formerly known as NeuMedia, Inc.)

 

Our primary sources of liquidity have historically been issuance of common and preferred stock and borrowings under credit facilities. In fiscal years 2012 and 2013, the Company raised $9.7 and $2.6 million, respectively, through issuance of convertible debt and equity financings and an additional $3 million through restructuring of existing debt to convertible debt. Our current cash resources will not be sufficient to fund our planned operations for the next twelve months. Until we become cash flow positive, we anticipate that our primary sources of liquidity will be cash generated by our operating activities, as well as further borrowings or further capital raises. Because of the uncertainty of these factors, we will need to raise funds to meet our working capital needs. Additional financing may not be available on acceptable terms or at all. If we issue additional equity securities to raise funds, the ownership percentage of our existing stockholders would be reduced. New investors may demand rights, preferences or privileges senior to those of existing holders of common stock. If we cannot raise any needed funds, we might be forced to make substantial reductions in our operating expenses, which could adversely affect our ability to implement our current business plan and, ultimately, our viability as a company.

In view of the matters described in the preceding paragraph, recoverability of a major portion of the recorded asset amounts shown in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet is dependent upon continued operations of the Company, which, in turn, is dependent upon the Company’s ability to continue to raise capital and ultimately generate positive cash flows from operations. The financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts or amounts and classifications of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue its existence.

 

3. Acquisitions/Purchase Price Accounting

On August 14, 2012, the Company, entered into a Share Purchase Agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) to acquire subsidiaries and certain assets of Logia Group, Ltd. (“Logia”), a leading mobile content development and management solutions provider of innovative mobile monetization solutions. On September 13, 2012, the Company completed the transactions contemplated by the Purchase Agreement. As a part of the transaction, the Company, through an acquisition entity, acquired all of the capital stock of three operating subsidiaries of Logia (Logia Content Development and Management Ltd. (“Logia Content”), Volas Entertainment Ltd. (“Volas”) and Mail Bit Logia (2008) Ltd. (Mail Bit), (collectively, the “Targets”)). In addition, the Company, by assignment to an acquisition entity, acquired from LogiaDeck Ltd. (formerly S.M.B.P. IGLOO Ltd.) (an affiliate of the Seller, “LogiaDeck”) the assets comprising the “LogiaDeck” software, which the Company has rebranded “Ignite”, and certain operator and other contracts related to the business of the Targets that were entered into by Logia.

Our Company is a comprehensive mobile content and service provider, and its many technology platforms including Digital Turbine (DT) allow media companies, mobile carriers, and their OEM handset partners to take advantage of multiple mobile operating systems across multiple networks, while maintaining individual branding and personalized, one-to-one relationships with each end-user. The purpose of the Logia acquisition was an effort to not only build on the Company’s current distribution network, but to enhance its mobile content infrastructure with the Ignite solution. The Ignite solution is a complete application management platform for Android devices.

The Company set up an Israeli acquisition/holding company, MDG to acquire the Targets and the LogiaDeck assets, which was capitalized through a combination of intercompany debt and the issuance of equity.

The purchase consideration for the transaction was comprised of cash and common stock of the Company and two tranches of “earn out” payments of cash and stock, as follows:

 

  (1) At closing $3,750 in cash (subject to working capital adjustments) and a number of shares of Company common stock having a value of $750, based on a 30-day volume weighted average price (VWAP) look back from the issuance date or 187,500 shares (the “Closing Shares”) was paid and issued, as applicable, to Logia and LogiaDeck (fair value on the date of grant was $788);

 

  (2) Two tranches, each comprised of a cash payment of $250 and a number of shares of Company common stock valued at $250 (based on a 30 day VWAP look back from the issuance date) (the “Earn Out Shares”), will be paid and issued, as applicable, to Logia upon satisfaction of various milestones, and subject to the terms and conditions, as set forth in the Purchase Agreement, totaling up to a number of shares of common stock having a value of $500 (valued as described) and $500 of cash if all milestones are achieved.

The Closing Shares and Earnout Shares are subject to a Registration Rights Agreement that provides for piggy back rights for 3 years and inclusion on the Company’s currently existing registration statement.

 

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Table of Contents

Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries

(formerly known as NeuMedia, Inc.)

 

The following table summarizes the preliminary fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the date of acquisition.

 

     Unaudited  

Cash

   $ 59   

Accounts receivable

     567   

Prepaid expenses and other assets

     86   

Customer relationships

     3,454   

Developed technology

     818   

Trade names / Trademarks

     143   

Non-compete agreements

     54   

Goodwill

     1,067   

Current liabilities

     (1,222

Long-term debt

     (35
  

 

 

 

Purchase price

   $ 4,991   
  

 

 

 

In addition to the value assigned to the acquired workforce, the Company recorded the excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair value of the assets acquired as an increase in goodwill. This goodwill arises because the purchase price reflects the strategic fit and resulting synergies that the acquired business brings to the Company’s existing operations. The Company has not yet obtained all information required to complete the purchase price allocation related to this acquisition. One of the purchase price allocation areas to be completed is the valuation of the deferred taxes for the acquisition. The initial allocation of excess purchase price is the result of a preliminary analysis performed, and is subject to revision upon finalization.

The Company believes with the acquisition of Logia it will be able to enhance existing products and create new industry-leading products, and also benefit from synergy savings through operational consolidation.

Goodwill has been recorded in our Israeli acquisition/holding company, MDG. The Company is in the process of evaluating goodwill that is deductible for tax purposes.

The initial accounting of the Logia acquisition is incomplete and subject to changes, which may result in significant changes to provisional amounts. The Company has recorded provisional amounts based upon management’s best estimate of the value as a result of preliminary analysis. Therefore, actual amounts recorded upon the finalization of the valuation of certain intangible assets may differ materially from the information presented in this Quarterly report on Form 10-Q.

The amortization period for the intangible assets is as follows:

 

     Remaining
Useful Life
 

Customer relationships

     10 years   

Developed technology

     5 years   

Trade names / Trademarks

     5 years   

Non-compete agreements

     4 years   

Goodwill

     Indefinite   

The operating results of the Targets are included in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations from the acquisition date. The Targets’ combined operating results from the acquisition date to March 31, 2013 are as follows:

 

     Unaudited  

Revenue

   $ 3,031   

Cost of goods sold

     1,118   
  

 

 

 

Gross profit

   $ 1,913   

Operating expenses

     1,255   
  

 

 

 

Income from operations

     658   

Non-operating expenses, net

     10   

Provision for income tax

     34   
  

 

 

 

Net income

   $ 614   
  

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. and Subsidiaries

(formerly known as NeuMedia, Inc.)

 

The pro forma financial information of the Company’s consolidated operations if the acquisition of the Targets had occurred as of April 1, 2011 is presented below.

 

     Unaudited
Twelve Months Ended March 31,
 
     2013     2012  

Revenues

   $ 8,689      $ 16,548   

Cost of goods sold

     4,188        10,138   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit

     4,501        6,410   

Operating expenses

     15,234        23,539